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Recent Developments on the International Protection of Refugees in Member Countries of the RCM

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Title: Diapositiva 1 Author: GERENCIA GENERAL Last modified by: Federico Martinez Created Date: 11/21/2002 10:52:03 PM Document presentation format – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Recent Developments on the International Protection of Refugees in Member Countries of the RCM


1
Recent Developments on the International
Protection of Refugees in Member Countries of the
RCM
2
Regional Trends
Refugee population in the Americas 803,500 (8 per cent of global refugee population)
Main countries of asylum US and Canada
Main country of origin Colombia (374.000)
Main countries of asylum for Colombian Refugees Ecuador and Venezuela, as well as Costa Rica and Panama
Number of asylum-seekers (all nationalities) 109,300
Number of resettled refugees (all nationalities) 71,100
Figures as of December, 2008 Figures as of December, 2008
3
Regional Trends (continued)? Mixed
migration movements in the Americas are becoming
more complex Extra-regional migrants and
asylum-seekers? Internally Displaced Persons
Colombia has one of the largest IDP
populations in the world 3,000,000
4
Regional Trends (continued)? United
States of America and Canada In addition to
being important asylum and resettlement
countries, they continue to be major donors to
UNHCRs programs worldwide and key political
supporters on issues of relevance to the Offices
mandate
5
Strengthening of Legal Frameworks ?
Mexico and Chile Each country is currently in
the process of discussion and adoption of a bill
concerning the protection of refugees
6
Capacity building and International Cooperation
? Belize Efforts to revitalize national
mechanism fo refugee status determination ?
Canada Cooperation with Costa Rica to strengthen
refugee capacity of the latter. Cooperation
initiative with Argentina in the fields of
refugee status determination and
resettlement
7
Refugee Protection-Trafficking Nexus ?
Guatemala Law against Trafficking in Persons
contains important safeguards on the right to
asylum? Costa Rica Recently-established
Immediate Response Team foresees participation of
international organizations in advisory capacity

8
Refugee Protection-Trafficking Nexus
(continued)? Mexico INM Directive provides
for the need to consider whether unaccompanied
children, including possible victims of
trafficking, are in need of international
protection as refugees ? OAS Resolution on
refugees adopted in 39th General Assembly
contains references to asylum-trafficking nexus
and UNHCR participated in Second Meeting of
National Authorities on Human Trafficking in
Argentina
9
Dissemination of and Training on Refugee Law
? OAS First Course on Refugee Law for
staff of Permanent Missions and General
Secretariat personnel (Washington D.C., February,
2009)? UNHCR Program for the teaching of
Refugee Law at the university level

10
Dissemination of and Training on Refugee Law
? 7th UNHCR Regional Course on Refugee Status
Determination (24-28 August, 2009) Support of
Governments of Canada and Brazil ? New UNHCR
guidelines and handbooks concerning various
aspects of the international protection of
refugees
11
Developments Beyond the RCM Region?
Ecuador New national policy on refugee
protection and Enhanced Registration initiative
in the Northern Border? MERCOSUR Issue of
regional policies for the protection of refugees
was reinstated as an agenda item of the
Specialized Forum on Migration
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