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Repairing the Illinois High School Physics Teacher Carl J. Wenning, PTE Coordinator, Illinois State University – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Repairing%20the%20Illinois%20High%20School%20Physics%20Teacher

Repairing the Illinois High School Physics Teacher
Carl J. Wenning, PTE Coordinator, Illinois State
Complete repair of any problem requires the
  • recognition that a problem exists.
  • correct identification of the problem source.
  • appropriate action aimed at repairing the
  • must get at root cause for long-term solution.

Teachers A Growing Demand
  • The US Department of Education predicts that the
    nation will need more than one million new
    teachers by 2010
  • Nearly half of the current teaching force of 2.6
    million will leave teaching to retire or change
    careers in the next decade (NCES, 1998)
  • More than 1/4 of all current teachers are over
    age 50 and approaching retirement.

On a National Basis
  • The attrition rate of new teachers is
    approximately 10 to 50 over the first three to
    five years of teaching depending on type of
    preparation. (Darling-Hammond, 1998 Fuller,
    SBEC, 2002)
  • Currently there is not a general nation-wide
    shortage of teachers in the U.S.

  • We face shortages of people willing to work at
    the salaries and under the working conditions
    offered in specific locations - in rural and
    urban areas.
  • (Darling-Hammond, 2001)

Teacher Shortage Areas
  • Teacher shortages do exist in a few subject areas
    -- special education, mathematics, physics,
    chemistry, and Spanish in order of national
    demand (AAEE, 2003).
  • There is an adequate number of prepared and
    certified teachers to meet most of of the needs
    in other areas.

AIP Statistics Research Center
Enrollments in HS Physics
1948 - 2001
Girls as a Percentage of Total Enrollment in HS
  • Increases in HS enrollments are occurring
    primarily in conceptual courses.
  • In college courses, 20 of enrollments in
    engineering -type courses is female.
  • In college courses, 60 of enrollment in
    algebra-based physics courses is female.

Female Enrollments in HS Physics
Percentage of Students Taking HS Physics by Group
AIP Statistical Research Center
Physics Teaching Nationally
  • Only 61 of public high school physics teachers
    are endorsed to teach physics
  • Only 27 of private/parochial high school physics
    teachers are endorse to teach physics.
  • Only about 1/3 of all physics teachers majored in
    physics or physics education (Neuschatz
    McFarling, 2001)
  • More than 50 of all high school physics teachers
    are teaching out-of-field -without a major or
    minor in physics (AIP, 1999)

Science Excellence on a National and State Basis
  • 82 of our nations 12th graders performed below
    the proficient level on the NAEP 2000 science
    test and this number has increased from 79 since
  • The longer students stay in the current system,
    the worse they do.
  • 4th graders 2nd place 12th graders 16th place
  • PSAE results?

PSAE Science Achievement
  • According to Illinois PSAE 2002-2003 (ISBE,
  • Only 51.3 of 11th graders met or exceeded the
    science performance standard
  • 38.0 of 11th graders fell below performance the
    science standard
  • 10.7 of 11th graders substantially below and
    received academic warning - unable to use
    science knowledge effectively.

Student Performance
  • While there is no direct link between teaching
    performance and student success per se, careful
    teacher preparation and subsequent high quality
    teaching are very important to overall student

IL Certified Physics Teachers
  • Growing demand - HS enrollments expected to grow
    through 2007 elementary demand remains level.
  • 64 of Illinois public high school physics
    teachers are endorsed to teach physics, but this
    is better than the national average.
  • 99 teach physics half time or more.
  • (ISBE, 2004)

Illinois Physics Teacher Supply (IBHE, 2004)
  • 123 districts report severe under supply
  • 67 districts report under supply
  • 33 districts report adequate supply
  • 4 districts report over supply
  • 4 districts report sever over supply
  • 400 districts did not report on supply

Physics Teacher Demand Applying Average
  • 440 public high school physics teachers
  • 93 return to teaching each year (409)
  • 7 leave teaching (31)
  • Open positions 31 each year
  • 23 accredited PTE programs graduate only 8 - 12
    new physics teachers annually
  • Actual situation is worse than this .

Projected Need - Physics Job Openings in IL
(ISBE, 2004)
School Year 04/05 05/06 06/07 07/08
Job Openings 46 48 52 56
  • Supply in relation to demand suggests that 2/3 to
    3/4 of all physics openings are filled by
    teachers with majors other than physics!

PTE Production Statistics
  • 1994 - 1995
  • 22 accredited PTE programs
  • 8 programs reporting
  • 3 institutions produced 50 grads
  • 0.69 graduates per program average
  • 50 had no students in the PTE major
  • 2004 - 2005
  • 23 accredited PTE programs?

General Nature of Leakage
Data AIP Statistical Research Center
Sources of Teachers
  • Recruitment
  • Native students
  • Change-of-major students
  • Transfer students
  • 2nd degree students
  • Alternative certification programs
  • Retention in the major
  • Retention in the profession

Sources of PTE Majors -- the ISU Experience
  • Currently 33 PTE majors
  • Based on data from 1998-2004
  • 23 native students (from high schools)
  • 46 transfer students (community colleges)
  • 31 second-degree students (universities)
  • High schools, community colleges, and
    universities all play an important role.

Failure to Retain a PTE Major Generally Speaking
  • Inability or unwillingness of students
    (SuccessAbilityMotivationEffort - SAME)
  • Disillusionment of student with post-secondary
    physics teaching
  • Inadequacy of physics teaching program
  • Appeal of other majors
  • Predatory practices by other sequences within a

Other Routes to Teacher Prep
  • Alternative Certification
  • National Programs
  • Teach for America
  • Peace Corps
  • Troops to Teachers
  • Teacher Opportunity Corps
  • Problem 90 in these latter program grads will
    have left teaching by the end of the 3rd year.
  • CF 30 of traditionally-prepared (4-yr) teachers
  • CF 10 of 4-year courses w/ 1-year STT

Retention in the Profession
  • Retention will not be solved by addressing only
    pay and benefits issues.
  • Teacher pay and benefits ranked third behind
    student attitudes and behavior, and treatment by
    school administrators.
  • (Pisciotta, 2001)

Additional Findings
  • 73 of the teachers who left the profession did
    not participate in an induction or mentoring
    program. (Piscotta, 2001)
  • Theyre not adequately prepared, and theyre put
    into a situation completely unsupported.
    (Archer, 1999)

Sources of Retention Problems with NYC Teachers
Teachers Novice Master
Salary Low High
Preps 4-5 diverse 1-2 similar
Students Lower socioeconomic status and minority students Higher socioeconomic status and college-bound students
Respect Lower Higher
Support Minimal to none Strong network
(Darling-Hammond, 2001)
Illinois Teacher Retention
  • Largest supply of certificated IL teachers is the
    previous years work force - 93 returned in 2003
  • The 2nd largest supply of IL teachers is the
    first-time teacher
  • The 3rd largest supply of IL teachers is the
    re-entering professional.
  • The 4th largest supply of IL teachers is the
    States alternative certification program.

Teachers for Downstate Schools the ISU
  • Teachers tend to return to their home communities
    to teach.
  • There are very few downstate teacher candidates
    at ISU.
  • Salaries downstate are lower (mean salary
    statewide is 51,500)
  • Downstate 23,000 to start
  • Metropolitan Chicago 40,000 to start
  • Huge downstate need for physics teachers

ISBE Responds to NCLB High Quality Legislation
  • After 2006 or 2007
  • New physics, chemistry, biology teachers become
    science teachers only
  • Endorsements to be replaced by designations
  • Any designation may teach ANY course not
    requiring an introductory course.
  • Only designations may teach AP or second year
    courses within their discipline.

CPR for the Illinois HS Physics Teacher Pipeline
  • Which comes first - repair or retention?
  • Consider CPR - respiration or circulation first?
  • Respiration without a circulation is worthless.

Physics Pipeline CPR Goal 1 Repairing the
  • Retention Questions
  • Induction/mentoring programs?
  • Networking?
  • New teacher packets?
  • Improving PTE programs?
  • Concentrating PTE majors?
  • ISAAPT Policy Statements?
  • Work group recommendations?

Physics Pipeline CPR Goal 2 Turning Up the
  • Recruitment Questions
  • Recruitment guidelines for HS teachers?
  • Indentured servitude plan for districts?
  • CC transfer agreements?
  • Grant-funded opportunities?
  • Loan forgiveness?
  • ISAAPT policy statements?
  • Work group recommendations?