~???~ ?????? Logistics Network Configuration - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Title:

~???~ ?????? Logistics Network Configuration

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Title ~ ~ Logistics Network Configuration Author: Jack Last modified by: AU Created Date: 6/9/2000 4:48:46 AM Document presentation format – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: ~???~ ?????? Logistics Network Configuration


1
Chapter 3 ???????

2
??
  • 3.1 ??
  • 3.2 ????
  • 3.3 ?????????
  • 3.4 ????

3
3.1 ??
  • ????????????????????????????????????????????
  • ???????????????????????,???????????,????????
  • ????????????????(Logistics Network Configuration)

4
??????
????
5
3.1 ??
  • ????(network planning)?????????????????????
  • ?????????????????????
  • ????????,?????????????????????????
  • ???????????????,?????????

6
???????
  • ??????????????????????,????????????
  • ????????????,??????????????????,?????????????????
  • ??????????????????????,??????????????????????????
    ???????

7
3.2 ????
  • ????????????????????
  • ?????????????,???????????
  • ??????????,??????????????

8
??????
  • ????(?????)??????
  • ??????????
  • ??????????
  • ???????????????
  • ????????
  • ??????,???????(???)???????

9
?????????
  • ???????????,????????
  • ??????????????,???????,?????????
  • ?????????????
  • ??????????(?????)
  • ??????????(??????)

10
(No Transcript)
11
3.2.1 ????
  • ????????????
  • ??????????????????????,?????????
  • ????,?????????????
  • ?????????????????
  • ??????????
  • ??????????????????????
  • ?????????????????
  • ???????
  • ???????????
  • ????????????

12
3.2.2 ????
  • ????
  • ?????????????(Grid Network)???????????
  • ?????????????????,?????????????????????????
  • ???????
  • ???
  • ????(distribution pattern)???????????????????????
  • ????(product type)??????????????????,????????????
    ??

13
??????????
  • ?????????????????????????? ?
  • ?????????,?????
  • ??????,??????150200???,????????????,??????1?
  • ?????????
  • ????????200????(?????????)
  • ?????????????????
  • ????????????
  • ??????2050?????

14
????????
???3220???
?????217???
15
?????????????
16
?????????????
17
?3.2 ????????? ? 2000
2001 2002 2003 2004 2005
2006 ??1 22,346 28,549 19,567
25,457 31,986 21,897 19,854 ??2
17,835 21,765 19,875 24,346 22,876
14,653 24,987 ?? 40,181
50,314 39,442 49,803 54,862 36,550 44,841
 



18
  ?3.3
??????????? ??????
?????? ???? ??1 24,237
4,658 0.192
??2 20,905 3,427
0.173 ?? 45,142
6,757 0.150  
 


??????????????????????????

??????????????,????????????????????
????????????????? (??????????)
19
3.2.3 ????
  • ??????(????????)???????,??????????????????
  • ??????????????????????

20
??????
  • ???????????????????????,???????????

21
??????
  • ??????
  • ????(truckload) ,??TL
  • ????(less than truckload) ,??LTL
  • ????(truckload, TL)
  • TL??????????????????,????????????????????
  • TL????????????,?????????
  • ??????????????????,??????????????????????

22
??????
  • ????(less-than-truckload, LTL)
  • LTL?????????(class)???(exception)?????(commodity)
    ?
  • ????????,????????????,?????????????????(rating)??
    ?(class)?
  • ????????????????????????
  • ??????,????????,???????????????

23
3.2.4 ????
  • ????(handling costs)
  • ??????????
  • ?????????????
  • ????(storage costs)
  • ???????
  • ???????????

24
3.2.4 ????
  • ????(fixed costs)
  • ?????????????????????
  • ???????????(???)???,???????

???????????????
25
3.2.5 ????
  • ???????????????,???????????,??????????????????????
    ???
  • ??????????????,???????????

????????/??????
26
3.2.5 ????
  • ???????????,???????????? ?(1,000??)
  • ???????????????????????? (???10AI100)
  • ???????????????? ?
  • ?????????????1???????,???3?
  • ?? ??????????10023

27
3.2.6 ???????
  • ????????????
  • ????????????
  • ?????????????
  • ???????????
  • ?????
  • ??????????????,??????????????????

28
3.2.7 ???????
  • ??????????????????????????,?????????????????????
  • ????????????????????????????????????????
  • ????95?????????????????????200??

29
3.2.8 ????
  • ???????(??????)???????????
  • ?????????????????????,?????????35??
  • ?????????????????????????
  • ?????????????????????????

30
3.2.9 ???????
  • ????????????????????????????,???????????????????
  • ?????????????????????????????????????????????????
  • ??????????????,????????????????????????

31
3.2.10 ????
  • ?????????????
  • ????????????????,???????????
  • ???????????????
  • ????????????,????????
  • ??????????????

32
??????????
??3-2
?3-4
33
(No Transcript)
34
  • ?????
  • ??
  • x(p1,w1),x(p1,w2),x(p2,w1)?x(p2,w2)???????????
  • x(w1,c1),x(w1,c2),x(w1,c3)????w1?????c1,c2,c3?
    ???
  • x(w2,c1),x(w2,c2),x(w2,c3)????w2?????c1,c2,c3?
    ???
  • ????????????
  • 0x(p1,w1)5x(p1,w2)4x(p2,w1)2 x(p2,w2)
  • 3 x(w1,c1)4 x(w1,c2)5 x(w1,c3)
  • 2 x(w2,c1) x(w2,c2) 2 x(w2,c3)????

??????
35
  • ????
  • x(p2,w1)x(p2,w2) 60,000
  • x(p1,w1)x(p2,w1) x(w1,c1) x(w1,c2) x(w1,c3)
  • x(p1,w2)x(p2,w2) x(w2,c1) x(w2,c2) x(w2,c3)
  • x(w1,c1)x(w2,c1)50,000
  • x(w1,c2)x(w2,c2)100,000
  • x(w1,c3)x(w2,c3)50,000
  • ??????????0
  • ??????????740,000
  • ?3.5?????
  • ???? p1 p2 c1
    c2 c3
  • w1 140,000 0
    50,000 40,000 50,000
  • w2 0 60,000
    0 60,000 0
  •  

?????????????
36
3.2.11 ?????????????
  • ?????????????????????????????(flexibility)?
  • ????,?????????????????????
  • ????????????
  • ??????
  • ????????
  • ????????
  • ?????????
  • ????????

37
3.4 ????
  • ???????????,??????????????????????????????????????
    ??
  • ??????(supply chain master planning)??????????????
    ????,???????????????????

38
????
  • ??,???????,??????????????????
  • ??,???????????????????????????,????????????????
  • ????,?????????,??????????????????????????  

39
????
  • ????????????????,????????????????????,????????????
    ???,??????????????
  • ??????????,??????????????????

40
????
  • ?????????????????????????
  • ?????????????????
  • ????,???????????????
  • ????????
  • ?????,???????????????
  • ?????,??????????????????????(???),???????????
  • ?????????????????

41
????
  • ?????????,???????????
  • ????????????????????
  • ??????????????????,???????????????????

42
????
  • ????,????????????????????????????????
  • ????????????????????????????????????,?????????????
    ,?????????

43
??????
  • ??,??????????,?????????,????????????,?????????????
    ,???????????????????????????????
  • ???,??????????????????????????

44
??????????????
45
??????????
  • ????????????????
  • ?????????????????????????
  • ????????????????????????
  • ???????????????

46
??????????
  • ?????????????????
  • ?????????????
  • ?????????????????????????,????????????????,???????
    ?????????,???????????
  • ????????????????,???????????????????????

47
??????????
  • ???????????????????,???????????????????????
  • ???????????????????????????,???????????

48
??????????
  • ???????????????????????
  • ???????????????,??????,?????????,????????????,????
    ??????
  • ?????,?????????????,?????????????????,??????,?????
    ?????

49
??
  • ??,???????????????????????????????????
  • ????,?????????????????????,??,???????????,????????
    ??
  • ????????,????????????????????,?????????????
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