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Chapter 3, Applied Anthropology

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Chapter 3, Applied Anthropology Chapter Outline Applied Versus Pure Anthropology Applied Anthropology in the Twentieth Century Special Features of Anthropology ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Chapter 3, Applied Anthropology


1
Chapter 3, Applied Anthropology
2
Chapter Outline
  • Applied Versus Pure Anthropology
  • Applied Anthropology in theTwentieth Century
  • Special Features of Anthropology
  • Examples of Applied Anthropology
  • The Greater Use of AnthropologicalKnowledge

3
Pure and Applied Anthropology
  • Pure anthropology - aimed at refining the
    disciplines theory, methods, and data.
  • Applied anthropology - focused on using
    anthropological insights toward the solution of
    practical social problems.

4
Special Features of Anthropology
  • Participant-Observation
  • The Holistic Perspective
  • Regional Expertise
  • The Emic View
  • Cultural Relativism
  • Topical Expertise

5
Specialized Rolesof Applied Anthropologists
  • Policy researcher provide cultural data to
    policymakers so they can make informed policy
    decisions.
  • Evaluator use research skills to determine how
    well a program has succeeded.
  • Impact assessor measuring the effect of a
    particular project, program, or policy on local
    peoples.

6
Specialized Rolesof Applied Anthropologists
  • Planner participate in the design of various
    programs and policies.
  • Research analyst interprets research findings so
    policymakers, planners, and administrators can
    make culturally sensitive decisions.
  • Needs assessor conduct research to determine
    ahead of time the need for a proposed program or
    project.

7
Specialized Rolesof Applied Anthropologists
  • Trainer imparts cultural knowledge about certain
    populations to professional groups working in
    cross-cultural situations.
  • Advocate becoming an active supporter of a
    particular group of people.
  • Administrator/manager assumes direct
    administrative responsibility for a particular
    project.

8
Specialized Rolesof Applied Anthropologists
  • Expert witness presents culturally relevant
    research findings as part of judicial
    proceedings through legal briefs, depositions, or
    direct testimony.
  • Cultural broker serves as a liaison between
    program planner and administrators on one hand
    and local ethnic communities on the other.

9
Examples of Applied Anthropology
  • Penny Van Esteriks advocacy involvement in the
    Nestlé baby formula controversy.
  • Elizabeth Grobsmiths work with Native American
    prison inmates.

10
Examples of Applied Anthropology
  • Richard Dembos ethnographic research on teenage
    cocaine dealing in Florida.
  • Warren Herns work with the Shipibo of the
    Peruvian Amazon, which had important policy
    implications for programs of population control.
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