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Establishing an International Specialized Institution for Environment

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Establishing an International Specialized Institution for Environment – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Establishing an International Specialized Institution for Environment


1
Establishing an International Specialized
Institution for Environment
2
Basis for Presentation
  • Current institutional structures do not address
    Africas needs in matters of the environment and
    sustainable development.
  • Malabo Decision - Heads of State and Government
    decided to take into consideration the need to
    strengthen, consolidate and transform UNEP into
    an international specialized institution for the
    environment based in Nairobi, Kenya.
  • Outcome of 4th SS of AMCEN - African Environment
    Ministers affirmed that any such specialized
    institution, whatever its form, should comply
    with the 9 characteristics specified in the
    outcome document.

3
Basis for Presentation - contd
  • Request to UNEP and UNECA seen in the context of
    the Malabo and Bamako decisions and outcomes
    technically translates into elaboration of two
    options

4
Routes to a strengthened, consolidated and
transformed UNEP
5
Status of specialised institution vs. subsidiary
organ
  • Subsidiary organ
  • Specialised agency

6
Powers that UNEP as a specialized institution
could have that it does not currently possess
7
Powers that UNEP as subsidiary organ of the GA
could have that it does not currently possess
8
Comparing the powers of two Options
9
Other key differences between specialized
institution vs. subsidiary organ
  • Clarity of relationship to other UN entities
  • Specialized Institution independent from UN, but
    there is close cooperation.
  • Subsidiary Organization relationship would lack
    the clear division of labour and standing.
  • relationship with other entities could be
    clarified by an GA resolution but would not have
    the formal agreement provided for by Article 57.
  • Powers to adopt treaties and standards
  • Specialized Institution would have the power to
    adopt treaties and conventions and implement
    them.
  • Future environmental treaties could therefore be
    closely linked to the agency and its activities
    and would allow for greater cost effectiveness
    and efficiently.
  • Subsidiary Organization An GA resolution would
    not afford UNEP with the authority to adopt
    treaties or set standards.

10
Other key differences between specialized
institution vs. subsidiary organ (cntd)
  • Budget
  • Specialized Institution would not receive funds
    from the UN regular budget but would rely on
    contributions from its member states (does not
    necessarily mean assessed contributions)
  • Trust funds and voluntary funding are commonly
    used to supplement core funding
  • Subsidiary Organization would continue to apply
    the VISC system.
  • However, provisions could be made to increase the
    regular budget to reflect an enhanced UNEP.
  • Timing
  • Specialized Institution would require
    negotiation of its constitution by member states.
  • Subsidiary Organization A GA resolution
    enhancing UNEP could be a comparatively rapid
    process

11
Organs of a Specialized Institution for
environment
12
Specialized Institution operational links
funding
13
Important noteStrengthening IEG alone
does not fully address sustainable
development.The social, economic and environment
pillars must be balanced to achieve the goals of
sustainable development.
14
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