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The Gilded Age

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The Gilded Age Chapter 6 Section 3 Edward Bellamy Wrote Looking Backward A book about socialism Naturalism A new form of literature that challenged Social Darwinism ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Gilded Age


1
The Gilded Age
  • Chapter 6
  • Section 3

2
The Gilded Age 1870-1900
  • Phrase coined by Mark Twain

3
Individualism
  • Belief that anyone could be a great success if
    they worked hard enough
  • Horatio Alger

4
Darwinism
  • Theory of evolution
  • The strong survive and reproduce, the weak do not
  • Natural Selection

5
Opponents
  • Christians opposed Darwinism
  • Why?

6
Social Darwinism
  • Survival of the fittest
  • Herbert Spencer Combined Darwins theories and
    the Protestant Ethic

7
Gospel of Wealth
  • Carnegies philosophy of giving back
  • Philanthropy to help the poor better themselves

8
Realism
  • Artists and Writers tried to portray the world
    realistically

9
  • The Gross Clinic
  • By Thomas Eakins
  • Why do you think this painting was controversial?
  • (Collins writing Type 1-three lines)

10
Mark Twain
  • Realist author

11
From The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn
  • Say, who is you? Whar is you? Dog my cats ef
    I didn hear sumfn. Well, I know what Is gwyne
    to do Is gwyne to set down here and listen
    tell I hears it agin.
  • So he set down on the ground betwixt me and Tom.
    He leaned his back up against a tree, and
    stretched his legs out till one of the most
    touched one of mine. My nose begun to itch. It
    itched till the tears come into my eyes. But I
    dasnt scratch. Then it begun to itch on the
    inside. Next I got to itching underneath. I
    didnt know how I was going to set still. This
    miserableness went on as much as six or seven
    minutes but it seemed a sight longer than that.

12
Do Now
  • Answer the following in complete sentences.
  • Why do you think some people are opposed to
    tariffs (taxes on imports)?
  • Why do some people support tariffs?
  • Collins Writing Type 2

13
Popular Culture
  • People had more disposable income
  • Began to spend it on recreation and entertainment

14
The Saloon
  • Free toilets, newspapers, water for horses
  • Drinks, free lunch
  • Served as political centers

15
Sports
  • Baseball
  • Football

16
Most Popular Spectator Sports
17
Vaudeville
  • Entertainment with animal shows, skits and
    dancers
  • Vaudeville act

18
Ragtime
  • Music that started in cities red light districts
  • Scott Joplin
  • Maple Leaf Rag

19
Patronage
  • giving government jobs to people who help a
    candidate get elected
  • Spoils System-winning candidates deserved the
    spoils of victory

20
Civil Service
  • system to replace the Spoils System
  • jobs would be given to people based on merit

21
Rutherford B. Hayes
  • Republican who Became President 1876
  • Wanted to do away with Spoils System
  • Received no support from Congress

22
Republican Party Splits
  • Stalwarts want to keep Spoils System
  • Halfbreeds want reform, stay loyal to party
  • Mugwumps Republicans who leave to support
    reformers

23
James A. Garfield
  • Republican elected in 1880
  • Wanted reform, gave patronage jobs to reformers
  • Chester A. Arthur V.P. (Stalwart)

24
Garfield Assassinated
  • July 2, 1881-Garfield shot in D.C. train station
  • Charles Guiteau-assassin, Garfield turned him
    down for a job

25
Pendleton Act
  • Arthur turned reformer, passed Pendleton Act in
    1883

26
Grover Cleveland
  • Democrat elected President in 1884
  • Pushed by Mugwumps to protect more jobs with
    civil service

27
Interstate Commerce Act
  • Cleveland signed in 1887
  • Regulated Railroads and set up the Interstate
    Commerce Commission
  • Rebates
  • Long haul vs. short haul

28
Tariffs
  • People wanted to lower tariffs to lower prices
  • Cleveland lowered them some, but Republicans
    blocked most change

29
Benjamin Harrison
  • Republican elected in 1888
  • Received money from industrialists who liked
    tariffs

30
McKinley Tariff
  • Raised tariffs to their highest level ever
  • Angered Americans
  • Harrison lost in 1892

31
Sherman Anti-trust Act
  • Passed in 1890
  • Tried to break up trusts, but was too weak and
    vaguely worded
  • Mostly used against unions

32
Challenging Social Darwinism
  • Henry George author
  • Said Laissez faire was making society worse

33
Lester Frank Ward
  • Wrote Dynamic Sociology 1883
  • Reform Darwinism people had become successful
    because of cooperation not competition

34
Edward Bellamy
  • Wrote Looking Backward
  • A book about socialism

35
Naturalism
  • A new form of literature that challenged Social
    Darwinism
  • Some people failed because of the circumstances
    in their lives

36
The Social Gospel
  • People can be saved through service to the poor
  • Led to churches providing many community services

37
The Salvation Army
  • Gave practical aid and religious counseling to
    the poor

38
YMCA
  • Young Mens Christian Association
  • Bible studies, citizenship training, and group
    activities
  • Also gave men a place to live

39
The Settlement House Movement
  • Community centers in poor neighborhoods
  • Medical care, kindergartens, English classes
  • Hull House
  • Opened in Chicago by Jane Addams in 1889

40
Public Education
  • More educated workers were needed
  • Schools Americanized children
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