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Evaluation in Natural and Human-made Crisis Situations

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Presented at the Regional Workshops on UNDP Evaluation ... assess UNDP s contribution to human security ... victims of natural and technological disasters) ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Evaluation in Natural and Human-made Crisis Situations


1
Evaluation of UNDP Assistance to
Conflict-affected Countries
UNDP Executive Board Informal Session 4 January
2007
2
Rationale for evaluation
  • Crisis Prevention and Recovery is one of the five
    practice areas of UNDP
  • Nearly 40 of the UNDP global expenditure is in
    countries receiving BCPR assistance (2005 data)
  • Requested by the UNDP Executive Board

3
Objectives
  • To evaluate UNDPs assistance to
    conflict-affected countries
  • To assess UNDPs contribution to human security
    and human development.
  • To look at UNDPs role in coordination and
    partnership as part of UN System
  • To make forward-looking recommendations

4
Scope and Approach
  • UNDP assistance to conflict-affected countries
    since 2000
  • All efforts by UNDP, not only BCPR activities, in
    conflict-affected countries
  • Case studies in Afghanistan, DR Congo, Guatemala,
    Haiti, Sierra Leone, Tajikistan (countries with
    Security Council Mandates)
  • 24 countries receiving BCPR assistance surveyed
  • Analysis of human security trends (battle deaths,
    human rights violations, refugees and displaced
    persons and victims of natural and technological
    disasters)

5
Criteria
  • Relevance and positioning
  • Results and effectiveness
  • Efficiency
  • Management
  • Coordination
  • Substantive leadership and credibility

6
Key findings context of international community
  • International community helped stabilise
    conflicts and peace agreements
  • Less successful in addressing structural
    conditions conducive to violent conflict
  • Weak states and weak civil society
  • Availability of small arms and unemployed young
    men
  • Large informal or illegal economy
  • Conflicts in neighboring states

7
Key findings UNDP
  • Supports wide range of activities with most
    effort on
  • recovery and reintegration
  • the restoration of state authority
  • justice and security sector reform
  • Strategic leadership limited as rarely part of
    negotiations
  • Emerging substantive expertise in governance and
    capacity-building but overextended
  • Gap-filling and administrative functions useful
    but detracts UNDP from core development mandate

8
Key findings UNDP
  • Insufficient attention to gender and civil
    society
  • Dependency on non-core funding
  • Staff with specialized skills needed not only
    surge capacity
  • Limited analytical capacity to identify
    indicators or monitor trends
  • Demonstrated nimbleness and flexibility but
    perceived as opaque and bureaucratic
  • PIUs do not promote long-term sustainability

9
Recommendations
  • Formulate a strategic vision together with other
    UN agencies, especially DPA for human security
    based on the following principles
  • Human rights, emphasizing rule of law, political
    participation and livelihoods
  • Legitimate political authority, building trust
    and engaging civil society
  • Coherence, integrating poverty reduction and
    human development
  • Bottom-up approach, involving women and civil
    society groups
  • Regional focus as conflicts spill across borders

10
Recommendations (Contd.)
  • 2. Integrate development concerns within UN
    strategies for security.
  • The Administrator brief the Security Council
  • Include development assistance in assessed
    contributions to missions with Security Council
    mandate
  • Involve UNDP in negotiations of peace agreements
    and involve civil society and womens groups
  • Give development concerns a stronger voice in
    integrated offices
  • Prioritize development concerns in the new
    Peace-Building Commission

11
Recommendations (Contd.)
  • 3. Build substantive capacity in core-areas of
    peace building
  • Instead of adhoc gap-filling activities, build
    substantive capacity in UNDP in the following
    core areas
  • Recovery and reintegration
  • Governance and capacity building
  • Justice and security sector reform
  • Poverty reduction and sustainable livelihoods

12
Recommendations (Contd.)
  • 4. Improve the effectiveness of Implementation
  • Develop analytical capacity to understand
    specific conflicts
  • Improve outreach beyond capital cities
  • Strengthen internal UNDP decision-making
    mechanisms
  • Enhance specialization and management of human
    resources
  • Review financial and administrative procedures
  • Emphasize full transparency
  • Strengthen monitoring and evaluation

13
Recommendations (Contd.)
  • 5. Enhance Coordination and Partnerships
  • Streamline and reduce coordination mechanisms
  • Develop strategic framework for addressing
    structural conditions conducive to conflict
    rather than the management of funds.
  • Develop key strategic partnerships with
  • DPA and DPKO
  • Bretton Woods institutions to advocate scaling up
    UNDPs innovative practices in countries
  • Civil society to guide formulation of UNDPs
    strategies

14
Thank you!
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