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BELLWORK

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BELLWORK Describe the problems Mexico faced post-Revolution. How does this lead to the rise of Santa Anna? How does the U.S. policy of Manifest Destiny threaten ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: BELLWORK


1
BELLWORK
  1. Describe the problems Mexico faced
    post-Revolution. How does this lead to the rise
    of Santa Anna?
  2. How does the U.S. policy of Manifest Destiny
    threaten Mexicos territory?
  3. Who was Stephen Austin?
  4. Explain the progression of Texan independence.
  5. THINKER In your opinion, did the U.S. have the
    right to intervene in Texas? Was there an
    alternative option?

2
The Mexican-American War 1846-1848
  • Invasión Estadounidense a México

3
The Road to War
Discuss post-rev problems in Mexico rise of
Santa Anna
4
The State of Texas
Discuss Background role of Stephen Austin
5
The State of Texas
Discuss The progression of Texan independence
leading to war
6
The State of Texas
  • General Sam Houston (leader of Texan revolution
    elected Texan President)
  • Texans had early defeats (Alamo - 1835)
  • Eventually, Texans win independence after Battle
    of San Jacinto

7
Remember the Alamo!
  • During a 13-day siege, Santa Anna led an assault
    on the Alamo
  • Former Roman Catholic mission and fortress
    compound (held supplies/weapons)
  • 1,500 Mexicans vs. 250 Texans
  • All Texans were killed, but Santa Annas cruelty
    caused more Texans and other U.S. citizens to
    join the fight
  • Motivated by revenge, Texas defeats Mexican army
    at Battle of San Jacinto wins their
    independence!

The Fall of the Alamo (1903) by Robert Jenkins
Onderdonk, depicts Davy Crockett wielding his
rifle as a club against Mexican troops who have
breached the walls of the mission
8
  • U.S.-Mexican relations leading to WAR!

Stephen Austin is given a grant by Spain to
____________________________
Mexico gains independence in 1821
Increased migration to TX Mexico tries to stop
this by __________________
Texas attempts peaceful negotiations for
secession..DENIED!
Santa Anna responds by ___________________________
______
U.S. gets involved by ____________________________
________
1836 Treaty of Velasco declares
_________________________
What happened to Santa Anna?
In 1845, the U.S. ________________________________
_
WAR!!!! Texans led by ___________ Mexicans led
by _______________
9
Discussion Review
  • TX attempted peaceful negotiations for succession
    ?
  • Santa Anna refuses, and sends troops into Texas ?
  • Texas fights back with aide from U.S. ?
  • 1836 Treaty of Velasco gave Texas independence ?
  • 1836 Santa Anna is exiled ?
  • 1845 U.S. votes to allow annexation of Texas ?
  • WAR!!!
  • Do you think the United States had the right to
    annex Texas? Why or why not?

10
James Polk
President Polk appointed Zachary Taylor as
American General he would later become the 12th
president
11
Changes in Mexican Leadership
Following Santa Annas exile Jose de Herrera
ruled (May-Nov. 1845) followed by General Mariano
Paredes
12
Polk US Involvement
"Mexico has passed the boundary of the United
States, has invaded our territory and shed
American blood upon American soil. - President
Polks address to Congress 5/11/1846
13
Opponents of War
  • Anti-slavery groups
  • In the murder of Mexicans upon their own soil,
    or in robbing them of their country, I can take
    no part either now or here-after. The guilt of
    these crimes must rest on others. I will not
    participate in them (U.S. Diplomat Joshua
    Gittings)
  • This war is nondescript .... We charge the
    President with usurping the war-making power ...
    with seizing a country ... which had been for
    centuries, and was then in the possession of the
    Mexicans .... Let us put a check upon this lust
    of dominion. We had territory enough, Heaven
    knew (Congressman Abraham Lincoln)

14
Discussion
  • Do you think there was an alternative to war? Was
    negotiation possible?

15
Manifest Destiny
16
Migrating West of the Appalachians
What caused people to move West???
17
(No Transcript)
18
Population growth in America by decade

1840 17,069,453
1850 23,191,876
1860 31,443,321
1870 38,558,371
1880 50,189,209
1890 62,979,766
1900 76,212,168
1910 92,228,496
1920 106,021,537
1930 123,202,624
1940 132,164,569
1950 151,325,798
1960 179,323,175
1970 203,211,926
1980 226,545,805
1990 248,709,873
2000 281,421,906
2010 308,745,53
1610 3,800
1620 4,100
1630 4,600
1650 50,400
1670 111,900
1690 210,400
1700 250,900
1720 466,200
1740 905,600
1750 1,170,800
1770 2,148,100
1780 2,780,400
1790 3,929,214
1800 5,308,483
1810 7,239,881
1820 9,638,453
1830 12,866,020
19
Manifest Destiny
  • From sea to shining sea
  • Belief that the United States was destined to
    expand across the North American continent.
  • Used to justify war with Mexico and taking over
    Native American land.

20
(No Transcript)
21
Discussion
  • In your opinion, did America accomplish Manifest
    Destiny? Why or why not?

22
Santa Annas Return
  • Once the U.S. declared war on Mexico, Santa Anna
    (in exile) wrote to Mexico City saying he no
    longer had aspirations to the presidency, but
    would eagerly use his military experience to
    fight off the foreign invasion of Mexico as he
    had before.
  • President Valentín Gómez Farías was desperate
    enough to accept the offer and allowed Santa Anna
    to return.
  • Meanwhile, Santa Anna had secretly been dealing
    with representatives of the U.S., pledging that
    if he were allowed back in Mexico through the
    U.S. naval blockades, he would work to sell all
    contested territory to the United States at a
    reasonable price.
  • Once back in Mexico, at the head of the army,
    Santa Anna went back on both agreements.
  • He declared himself president again and
    unsuccessfully tried to fight off the U.S.
    invasion.

23
Discussion
  • Why did the Mexican government allow Santa Anna
    to return? Do you think this was a good or bad
    decision on their part?

24
The Progress of War
Discuss Advantages/Disadvantages of both sides
25
Americas Two-Pronged Invasion
26
Battle of Veracruz By Carl Nebel
27
American Occupation of Mexico City By Carl Nebel
28
Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo
29
Discussion
  • The Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo guaranteed
    American citizenship to Mexicans living in the
    new territory, but was not enforced. Do you think
    something else should have been added to the
    treaty to protect Mexican (newly American)
    citizens? Or did the government not consider this
    an issue?

30
Results of Mexican-American War
  • Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo
  • Mexican Cession in exchange for payment of 15
    million
  • U.S. forgave Mexicos 3.5 million debt
  • Mexico accepted Texas as part of U.S.
  • National border became the Rio Grade
  • U.S. guaranteed Mexicans American citizenship

This cartoon depicts U.S. General Zachary Taylor
sitting atop the skulls of Mexican-American war
casualties
31
Discussion
  • Regarding the Civil War, Ulysses S. Grant said
    The Southern rebellion was largely the outgrowth
    of the Mexican War. Nations, like individuals,
    are punished for their transgressions. We got our
    punishment in the most violent and expensive war
    of modern times
  • Do you agree with Grant? How could the
    Mexican-American War lead to the Civil War?

32
Review animated map
  • http//www.pbs.org/kera/usmexicanwar/timeline_flas
    h.html

33
Mexican-American War Review
  • Causes
  • Effects
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