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The Anglo-Saxon Era 449 - 1066

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The Anglo-Saxon Era 449 - 1066 Glory in Battle The Anglo-Saxon Era 449 - 1066 Celts & Britons original inhabitants 449 Angles, Saxons & Jutes settled in ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Anglo-Saxon Era 449 - 1066


1
The Anglo-Saxon Era 449 - 1066
Glory in Battle
2
The Anglo-Saxon Era 449 - 1066
  • Celts Britons original inhabitants
  • 449 Angles, Saxons Jutes settled in England
    from North Danes invaded later (Germanic)
  • Pagan worshipped Germanic gods and fate
  • Romans ? Christianity ? books
  • Oral tradition recorded by Christian monks
  • Characteristics of poetry
  • Subjects Glory, battle, treasure, ocean travel,
    Fate
  • Tone Heroic, tragic, bellicose
  • Form Narrative, alliterative poetry (not
    rhyming)
  • Kenning 2 words in place of 1 (whale-road,
    life house)

3
Anglo-Saxon Literature
The Book of Kells
4
The Invasions
5
The Medieval Period
The Age of Chivalry
6
The Medieval Period 1066 - 1485
  • 1066 Norman Conquest William the Conquerer
    brought French language, customs (chivalry) and
    government (feudalism)
  • Feudalism 3 classes nobility, clergy,
    peasantry religion dominated
  • Legends King Arthur and Robin Hood
  • 1348-49 Plague killed 1/3 European pop.

7
Medieval Legends
8
The Medieval Ballad
  • Form Narrative poem originated in oral
    tradition often set to music, usually quatrains
    (abcb)
  • Subjects Loyalty, Christianity, battle,
    chivalry (focus is on plot only)
  • Tone Usually tragic, often supernatural,
    dutiful, heroic

9
The Renaissance 1485 1660
Rebirth of Knowledge
10
The Renaissance 1485 1660
  • Rebirth of classical knowledge moved north from
    Italy
  • Tudor Dynasty patrons of arts and sciences
  • Gutenburg and Caxton increased literacy
  • Reformation split church Protestant / Catholic
  • Highly structured stylized designs in art
    lit.
  • Characteristics of poetry
  • Form Lyric poem, highly stylized every
    syllable counts
  • Subject Ideal love, classical allusions
  • Tone Respectful, impassioned, dutiful

11
Medieval v. Renaissance Art
12
The Sonnet
  • Most popular form of poetry in Renaissance
  • Meter Iambic Pentameter
  • Rhyme Scheme
  • Petrarchan / Italian first form ABBA ABBA CDDC
    CC
  • Octet First 8 lines, sets up the story
  • Sestet Second 6 lines, tells feelings / actions
    / outcomes
  • Adapted by Shakespeare to form English sonnet
    ABAB CDCD EFEF GG

13
The Enlightenment 1660 - 1798
The Age of Reason
14
The Enlightenment 1660 - 1798
  • Newtons discovery and others led to focus on
    rationalism, science, knowledge
  • Believed people are naturally good and must do
    good deeds social reform, restraint, control,
    order
  • Neoclassism influenced by classical cultures
  • Satire (humor morality) flourished
  • Characteristics of poetry
  • Tone Logical, reasonable
  • Form Strict rhyme schemeoften couplets
  • Subjects man and his role in the world,
    classical allusion

15
The Romantics 1780 - 1830
Nature, Imagination the Common Man
16
The Romantics 1798 - 1832
  • Lyrical Ballads written by Wordsworth and
    Coleridge
  • 3 Revolutions Industrial, French, American
  • Reaction against Enlightenment
  • Poetry the spontaneous overflow of powerful
    emotions recollected in tranquility
  • Characteristics of poetry
  • Subjects Middle Ages, nature, mysterious and
    supernatural events, common man, rebellion
  • Form Often lyric with looser rhymes
  • Tone Spontaneous, rebellious, imaginative,
    mysterious

17
Enlightenment v. Romantic Art
18
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19
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20
The Victorian Age 1830 - 1880
The Duty to Lead the World
21
The Victorian Age 1830 - 1880
  • Optimism caused by strong navy, growing economy,
    technical progress
  • Anxiety caused by Darwins theory geological
    discoveries that challenged religious thought
  • Duty to enlarge the Empire led to
    self-discipline, strict control, stiff upper
    lip
  • Characteristics of poetry
  • Subjects Duty, modernization, imperialization,
    reform, British Empire
  • Form Lyric, dramatic or narrative w/ strict
    rhymes
  • Tone Controlled, disciplined

22
The British Empire
23
The Modern Era 1905 - Present
Fragmentation and Globalization
24
The Modern Era 1905 - Present
  • 1905 Einsteins theory of relativity abolished
    absolutes
  • Womens Rights movement changed / stressed the
    relationships between sexes
  • Nuclear bomb, wars, scandals of 60s and 70s led
    to paranoia
  • Characteristics of poetry
  • Form Loosened forms, informal style,
    conversational tone, layered w/ meaning
  • Subjects Consciousness, time, movement, nebulous
    modern life
  • Tone angry, lonely, apathetic

25
Modern Art
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