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The Middle Ages: 450-1450

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Title: Early Music Review Author: Chris & Jacqui Last modified by: Chris & Jacqui Created Date: 1/10/2009 5:08:12 PM Document presentation format – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Middle Ages: 450-1450


1
The Middle Ages 450-1450
  • Roman Empire, Dark Ages, the Crusades,
  • Feudalism
  • The ROMAN CATHOLIC CHURCH
  • 1,000-1,400 Cathedrals and Universities
  • 1,300s Canterbury Tales, Devine Comedy, etc.

2
Gregorian Chant
  • Pope Gregory The Great (c.540-604)
  • Chant
  • 3,000, anonymous
  • Originally, an oral tradition
  • Foundation of Western European art music
  • Single-line melody without harmony
  • Free flowing, unmeasured rhythm
  • Avoids any element of contrast or (dynamic,
    melodic, etc)

3
(No Transcript)
4
Mass
  • Ordinary of the Mass Proper of the Mass
  • Liturgy of the Word
  • Introit
  • Kyrie
  • Gloria
  • Gradual
  • Alleluia
  • Sequence
  • Credo
  • Liturgy of the Eucharist
  • Offertory
  • Sanctus
  • Agnus Dei
  • Communion

5
The Renaissance 1450-1600
  • Time of EXPANSION which effected music
  • Invention of printing press
  • Church choirs
  • End of composer anonymity
  • New musical trends
  • Text painting
  • Secular subjects
  • Women in music

6
Polyphony
  • Both sacred and secular
  • Madrigals, Masses, and Motets
  • Brought about many musical developments
  • Harmonically
  • Notational

7
The Protestant Reformation
  • 1517 Beginning of reformation
  • Efforts of church members who
  • objected to malpractices
  • Indulgences
  • 95 Thesis posted by Martin Luther
  • New denominations splintered off
  • Followed by a period of self-evaluation
  • Council of Trent

8
The Counter-Reformation
  • Council of Trent created many church reforms
  • Scripture, tradition, and WORSHIP
  • Reforms on music
  • Ban of additions and improvisations
  • Intelligibility of texts
  • Proposed ban on polyphony
  • Composers collectively responded to save
    polyphony
  • Palestrina credited with saving polyphony
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