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Causes of WWI

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Causes of WWI Causes of WWI - MANIA Militarism Alliances Nationalism Imperialism Assassination Militarism When a nation s armed forces come to dominate a country ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Causes of WWI


1
Causes of WWI
2
Causes of WWI - MANIA
  • Militarism
  • Alliances
  • Nationalism
  • Imperialism
  • Assassination

3
Militarism
  • When a nations armed forces come to dominate a
    countrys national policy
  • It is also a glorification of the military and
    war itself

1910-1914 Increase in Defense Expenditures
France 10
Britain 13
Russia 39
Germany 73
4
Alliances
  • Signed treaties in which each nation involved
    pledges to defend the other if attacked by an
    aggressor
  • Basically, countries agreed to help each other

5
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6
Alliances
Triple Entente
Triple Alliance
Great Britain
Germany
Austria-Hungary
France
Italy
Russia
7
Nationalism
  • Pride and patriotism in ones nation
  • In terms of WWI, nationalism became aggressive
    and subsequently (because of this) a major cause
    of international tension
  • Independent nations desired dominance and
    prestige and as these powers tried to dominate
    each other in Europe,
  • Serious rivalry b/w France and Germany stemming
    from Franco-Prussian War (1871)
  • France wanted Alsace-Lorraine back!

8
Imperialism
  • Domination by one country over the political,
    economic, or cultural life of another country or
    region
  • Due to the Industrial Revolution of the 1800s,
    some European nations had a large portion of the
    world under their control

9
Imperialism and Colonial Rivalries
  • After 1870, the European nations began to acquire
    colonies in Asia, Africa and the Pacific
  • Colonial rivalry led to
  • strained relations among the European powers. In
    Africa, all the European powers except Austria
    and Russia had colonies there. Thus there were
    many clashes among France, Britain, Germany and
    Italy.
  • the formation and strengthening of alliances and
    ententes. (indirectly)
  • an intensification of the arms race.
  • much hostility among the powers.

10
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11
Assassination
  • The spark that started WWI
  • On June 28, 1914 Archduke Franz Ferdinand, heir
    to the Austria Hungarian Throne was assassinated
    by Gavrilo Princip, a Serbian nationalist who
    believed that Bosnia should belong to Serbia

12
Archduke Franz Ferdinand and Duchess Sophie at
Sarajevo, Bosnia, on June 28, 1914
13
  • Gavrilo Princip after his assassination of
    Austrian Archduke Franz Ferdinand

14
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15
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16
The Point of No Return
  • Austria blamed Serbia for Ferdinands death and
    declared war on Serbia.
  • Germany pledged their support for Austria
    -Hungary.
  • Russia pledged their support for Serbia.

17
  • Germany declares war on Russia
  • France pledges their support for Russia
  • Germany declares war on France
  • Germany invades Belgium on the way to France
  • Great Britain supports Belgium and declares war
    on Germany

18
WWI Alliances
  • Allies
  • - Great Britain
  • - France
  • - Russia
  • - USA
  • Central
  • Germany
  • Austria Hungary
  • Ottoman Empire

19
Sources
  • http//www.thecorner.org/hist/wwi/colonial.htm
  • http//www.mrberlin.com/8th/WWI/World_War_I_causes
    .ppt
  • http//www.msroachesplace.com/causes1.ppt
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