Unit 2: Supply, Demand, and Consumer Choice - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Unit 2: Supply, Demand, and Consumer Choice

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Unit 2: Supply, Demand, and Consumer Choice * – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Unit 2: Supply, Demand, and Consumer Choice


1
Unit 2 Supply, Demand, and Consumer Choice
2
Supply Defined
  • What is supply?
  • Supply is the different quantities of a good that
    sellers are willing and able to sell (produce) at
    different prices.
  • What is the Law of Supply?
  • There is a DIRECT (or positive) relationship
    between price and quantity supplied.
  • As price increases, the quantity producers make
    increases
  • As price falls, the quantity producers make
    falls.
  • Why? Because, at higher prices profit seeking
    firms have an incentive to produce more.

EXAMPLE Mowing Lawns
3
Example of Supply
  • You own an lawn mower and you are willing to mow
    lawns.
  • How many lawns will you mow at these prices?

Price per lawn mowed Quantity Supplied

Supply Schedule
1 5 20 50 100 1000
3
4
GRAPHING SUPPLY
Price of Cereal
Supply Schedule
Draw this large in your notes
5 4 3 2 1
Price Quantity Supplied
5 50
4 40
3 30
2 20
1 10
o
Q
10 20 30 40 50 60 70
80
Quantity of Cereal
4
5
GRAPHING SUPPLY
Price of Cereal
Supply Schedule
Supply
5 4 3 2 1
Price Quantity Supplied
5 50
4 40
3 30
2 20
1 10
o
Q
10 20 30 40 50 60 70
80
Quantity of Cereal
5
6
GRAPHING SUPPLY
Price of Cereal
Supply Schedule
What if new companies start making cereal?
Supply
5 4 3 2 1
Price Quantity Supplied
5 50
4 40
3 30
2 20
1 10
o
Q
10 20 30 40 50 60 70
80
Quantity of Cereal
6
7
Change in Supply
Price of Cereal
Supply Schedule
Supply
5 4 3 2 1
Price Quantity Supplied
5 50
4 40
3 30
2 20
1 10
o
Q
10 20 30 40 50 60 70
80
Quantity of Cereal
7
8
Change in Supply
Price of Cereal
Supply Schedule
Supply
5 4 3 2 1
Price Quantity Supplied
5 50
4 40
3 30
2 20
1 10
o
Q
10 20 30 40 50 60 70
80
Quantity of Cereal
8
9
Change in Supply
Price of Cereal
Supply Schedule
Supply
5 4 3 2 1
Price Quantity Supplied
5 70
4 60
3 50
2 40
1 10 30
o
Q
10 20 30 40 50 60 70
80
Quantity of Cereal
9
10
Change in Supply
Price of Cereal
Supply Schedule
Supply
S2
5 4 3 2 1
Price Quantity Supplied
5 70
4 60
3 50
2 40
1 10 30
Increase in Supply Prices didnt change but there
is MORE cereal produced
o
Q
10 20 30 40 50 60 70
80
Quantity of Cereal
10
11
Change in Supply
Price of Cereal
Supply Schedule
What if a drought destroys corn and wheat crops?
Supply
5 4 3 2 1
Price Quantity Supplied
5 50
4 40
3 30
2 20
1 10
o
Q
10 20 30 40 50 60 70
80
Quantity of Cereal
11
12
Change in Supply
Price of Cereal
Supply Schedule
Supply
5 4 3 2 1
Price Quantity Supplied
5 50
4 40
3 30
2 20
1 10
o
Q
10 20 30 40 50 60 70
80
Quantity of Cereal
12
13
Change in Supply
Price of Cereal
Supply Schedule
Supply
5 4 3 2 1
Price Quantity Supplied
5 50
4 40
3 30
2 20
1 10
o
Q
10 20 30 40 50 60 70
80
Quantity of Cereal
13
14
Change in Supply
Price of Cereal
Supply Schedule
Supply
5 4 3 2 1
Price Quantity Supplied
5 30
4 20
3 10
2 1
1 10 0
o
Q
10 20 30 40 50 60 70
80
Quantity of Cereal
14
15
Change in Supply
Price of Cereal
Supply Schedule
Supply
S2
5 4 3 2 1
Price Quantity Supplied
5 30
4 20
3 10
2 1
1 10 0
Decrease in Supply Prices didnt change but there
is LESS cereal produced
o
Q
10 20 30 40 50 60 70
80
Quantity of Cereal
15
16
Change in Supply
Price of Cereal
Supply Schedule
What if cereal companies find a quicker way to
make cereal?
Supply
5 4 3 2 1
Price Quantity Supplied
5 50
4 40
3 30
2 20
1 10
o
Q
10 20 30 40 50 60 70
80
Quantity of Cereal
16
17
6 Shifters (Determinants) of Supply
  1. Prices/Availability of inputs (resources)
  2. Number of Sellers
  3. Technology
  4. Government Action Taxes Subsidies

5. Opportunity Cost of Alternative
Production 6. Expectations of Future
Profit Changes in PRICE dont shift the curve. It
only causes movement along the curve.
18
Supply Practice
First, identify the determinant (shifter) then
decide if supply will increase or decrease
Shifter Increase or Decrease Left or Right
1
2
3
4
5
6
18
19
Supply Practice
  1. Which determinant (SHIFTER)?
  2. Increase or decrease?
  3. Which direction will curve shift?
  • Hamburgers
  • Mad cow disease kills 20 of cows
  • Price of hamburgers increase 30
  • Government taxes burger producers
  • Restaurants can produce burgers and/or tacos. A
    demand increase causes the price for tacos to
    increase 500
  • New bun baking technology cuts production time in
    half
  • Minimum wage increases to 20
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