Effectively Promoting Positive Student Behavior Change Motivational Interviewing - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Effectively Promoting Positive Student Behavior Change Motivational Interviewing

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Motivational Interviewing is a collaborative conversation to strengthen a person s own motivation for and commitment ... same words; Rephrase slight change of ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Effectively Promoting Positive Student Behavior Change Motivational Interviewing


1
Effectively Promoting Positive Student Behavior
ChangeMotivational Interviewing
2
Presentation Goals
  • To give a flavor of Motivational Interviewing.
  • Inspire future exploration of this approach.

3
www.motivationalinterview.org
4
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5
Motivational Interviewing
  • Developed by William Miller, PhD and Stephen
    Rollnick, PhD in 1983.
  • Motivational Interviewing Helping People Change.
    Third Edition, 2013
  • Began focused on addiction, shifted to broad
    range of behavior change.

6
  • Write down one behavior you are considering
    changing. Something about yourself that you
  • Want to change
  • Need to change
  • Should change
  • But havent yet

7
  • Speaker share only the sentence you wrote on the
    behavior you are considering changing.
  • Counselor
  • Explain why the speaker should make the change
  • Provide at least two benefits that would result
    from the change
  • Tell the speaker how they could make the change
  • Emphasize the importance of this change
  • p.s. this is NOT motivational interviewing

8
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9
MI defined
  • Motivational Interviewing is a collaborative
    conversation to strengthen a persons own
    motivation for and commitment to change.
  • Miller and Rollnick

10
Purpose of Motivational Interviewing
  • The purpose of MI is to evoke and strengthen
    personal motivation for change.

Miller and Rollnick, 2010
11
A way of being with people.Not a technique.
12
CHANGE TALK!
13
What is Change Talk?
  • Distinctive to MI
  • Any speech which favors movement in the direction
    of change on a target behavior
  • Predictive of behavior change

14
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15
Recognizing Change Talk
  • DARN (Preparatory)
  • DESIRE to change (want, like, wish)
  • ABILITY to change (can, could)
  • REASONS to change (if then)
  • NEED to change (need, have to, got to...)
  • CAT (Mobilizing)
  • COMMITMENT (intention, decision, promise)
  • ACTIVATION (willing, ready, prepared)
  • TAKING STEPS (I moved my alarm clock away from
    my bed.)

16
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A Taste of Motivational Interviewing
  • Speaker State the same change you were
    considering.
  • Counselor Listen carefully with the goal of
    understanding the dilemma give no advice.
  • Ask these 3 questions
  • Why would you want to make this change?
  • How might you go about it in order to succeed?
  • What are the two best reasons to do it?
  • Offer a short summary of the speakers
    motivations for the change, then ask,
  • What do you think youll do? And just listen.

18
Resistance
19
Resistance
  • What is it signaling?
  • Highly responsive to counselor style.
  • A fantastic in-session signal to do something
    differently.

20
MI Spirit
  • A way of being with people which is
  • Collaborative
  • Evocative
  • Accepting
  • Compassionate

21
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X
Collaborative
23
Evocative
24
Open questions
  • Evocation in Action

25
Accepting
Absolute Worth
ACCEPTANCE
Affirmation
Autonomy
Accurate Empathy
26
Compassionate
27
Reflective Listening
  • Acceptance in Action

28
Levels of Reflection
  • Simple reflection (What they SAY)
  • Repeat same words Rephrase slight change of
    words
  • Complex reflection (What they MEAN)
  • Paraphrase major restatement which infers
    meaning Reflection of feeling Metaphor

29
Complex reflections
30
Forming Reflections
31
Demonstration with your critique
32
Exercise 1 Thinking Reflectively
  • One thing I like about myself is...
  • Listener You mean that you
  • Speaker Yes or No responses
  • Listener Continue to make guesses until
    understanding is reached.

33
Some sentence stems for reflections
  • It sounds like you
  • You mean that
  • So you
  • You...

What I hear you saying is that you
34
Reflections Exercise
  • Work in pairs on your assigned
  • Develop a simple and complex refection
  • Choose the direction of your reflection
    intentionally
  • Pay close attention to student change talk

35
Wrap-up
  • I learned or gained _________
  • MI seems like it could be helpful ___________

36
To Get Info on Motivational Interviewing
  • http//www.motivationalinterview.org/
  • skaye_at_madison.k12.wi.us
  • Or call Susan Kaye
  • (608)204-2470
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