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Two of the four departments created by Congress in 1789 are still among the most important: the Departments of State and of the Treasury. E. The other 13 ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Splash%20Screen

Splash Screen
Chapter Focus Section 1 Bureaucratic
Organization Section 2 The Civil Service
System Section 3 The Bureaucracy at Work Chapter
Why Its Important
Chapter Objectives
Chapter Objectives
  • Bureaucratic Organization Describe the functions
    of the cabinet, independent government agencies,
    and regulatory commissions.
  • The Civil Service System Evaluate the
    effectiveness of the civil service system.
  • The Bureaucracy at Work Summarize the
    advantages and disadvantages of the federal

End of Chapter Focus
Section 1 Introduction-1
Bureaucratic Organization
  • Key Terms
  • bureaucrat, embassy, government corporation,
    deregulate, procurement

Find Out
What is the general organizational structure
of the 15 cabinet level departments?
How are independent government agencies
different from regulatory commissions?
Section 1 Introduction-2
Bureaucratic Organization
  • Understanding Concepts
  • Public Policy How does government bureaucracy
    serve the executive branch in carrying out the
    will of the peoples representatives?

Section Objective
Describe the functions of the cabinet,
independent government agencies, and regulatory
Section 1-1
  • The first female Secretary of State, Madeleine
    Albright, speaks English, French, Czech, Russian,
    and Polish. Her language skills helped her
    perform well in her previous job as the United
    States representative to the United Nations,
    where many different languages are involved in
    conducting international affairs.

Section 1-2
I. The Cabinet Departments (pages 276279)
  • A. The Founders anticipated the need for federal
    agencies to carry on the daily business of
    government currently nearly 3 million civilians
    work in the federal government.

B. The 15 executive departments, headed by
cabinet-rank officers, are a major part of the
federal bureaucracy. C. These departments are
headed by secretaries and staffed with assistant
secretaries, deputy secretaries, and directors of
major units.
Section 1-3
I. The Cabinet Departments (pages 276279)
Section 1-4
I. The Cabinet Departments (pages 276279)
  • D. Two of the four departments created by
    Congress in 1789 are still among the most
    important the Departments of State and of the

E. The other 13 departments are the Departments
of the Interior, Agriculture, Justice, Commerce,
Labor, Defense, Health and Human Services,
Homeland Security, Housing and Urban Development,
Transportation, Energy, Education, and Veterans
Section 1-5
I. The Cabinet Departments (pages 276279)
Section 1-6
I. The Cabinet Departments (pages 276279)
Which cabinet office performs the most essential
service? Explain.
Answers will vary. Students should describe the
service they believe is most essential.
Section 1-7
II. Independent Agencies (pages 279280)
  • A. The federal bureaucracy includes over 100
    independent organizations whose heads are
    appointed by the president.

B. The services of several independent agencies,
such as the National Aeronautics and Space
Administration, are widely publicized and are as
large and well known as cabinet departments.
Section 1-8
II. Independent Agencies (pages 279280)
  • C. Some agencies such as the Central Intelligence
    Agency and the General Services Administration
    provide services directly for the executive

D. Government corporations are independent
agencies that directly serve the public, such as
the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation and the
United States Postal Service.
Section 1-9
II. Independent Agencies (pages 279280)
How do government corporations differ from
private corporations?
Government corporations may be given monopolistic
powers by Congress, and they are funded by public
Section 1-10
III. Regulatory Commissions (pages 281283)
  • A. are independent of all three branches of

B. make rules for businesses and industries that
affect the public interest C. are often under
intense pressures from the groups they regulate
and their lobbyists D. have become more
limited in their powers because critics have
complained that they overregulate the economy
E. were the subject of regulatory reform by the
Republican Congress in the mid-1990s.
Section 1-11
III. Regulatory Commissions (pages 281283)
Section 1-12
III. Regulatory Commissions (pages 281283)
Do you support or oppose the federal governments
move toward deregulation of industries and
businesses? Explain.
Answers will vary. Students should provide
logical reasons for their opinions.
Section 1 Assessment-1
Checking for Understanding
  • 1. Main Idea Using a Venn diagram like the one
    below, analyze how regulatory commissions and
    independent agencies are alike and how they are

Regulatory commissions make rules for
businesses do not report to the president.
Independent commissions serve the government or
the public. Both part of the bureaucracy.
Section 1 Assessment-2
Checking for Understanding
Match the term with the correct definition.
___ bureaucrat ___ embassy ___ government
corporation ___ deregulate ___ procurement
  • A. an ambassadors official residence and offices
    in a foreign country
  • B. one who works for a department or agency of
    the federal government
  • C. to reduce regulations
  • D. the purchasing of materials
  • E. a business that the federal government runs

Section 1 Assessment-3
Checking for Understanding
  • 3. Identify Department of State, Department of
    the Treasury.

The Department of State is responsible for the
overall foreign policy of the United States. The
Department of the Treasury is responsible for
managing monetary resources of the United States.
Section 1 Assessment-4
Checking for Understanding
  • 4. How are cabinet departments organized?

A secretary heads each department. The second in
command is the deputy or undersecretary, then
assistant secretaries. Under these top officials
are the directors of the departments major units
and their assistants.
Section 1 Assessment-5
Critical Thinking
  • 5. Making Inferences Why is it important that
    regulatory commissions be free from political

It is important that the regulatory commissions
be free from political pressures so that they can
be impartial about policies, subject to fewer
influences, and regulate what they were created
to control.
Section 1 Concepts in Action
  • Public Policy Imagine that you are on a
    presidential commission looking into the
    establishment of a new executive department.
    Decide on an important issue facing the country
    today. Think of a new executive department to
    deal with this issue. Present your suggestion,
    with reasons, as an oral presentation to the
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