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Civil War Chapter 16 and 17 Review 2015

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Title: Civil War Chapter 16 and 17 Review 2015


1
Civil War Chapter 16 and 17 Review2015
2
  • 1. How did the South respond to Lincolns
    inaugural address? (16-1)
  • a. The South felt attacked by Lincolns address
    and seceded from the Union.
  • b. The South decided to declare war on the Union
    after hearing Lincolns address.
  • c. The South was angered by Lincolns declaration
    to end slavery.
  • d. The South ignored Lincolns calls for unity.

3
d. The South ignored Lincolns calls for unity
4
  • 2. In what way did African American soldiers in
    the war face more difficulties than white
    soldiers? (16-4)
  • a. African American soldiers were often killed or
    sold into slavery if captured by the Confederacy,
    while white soldiers were simply held as
    prisoners of war.
  • b. African American soldiers were not experienced
    at war and did not know what to expect, while
    white soldiers had a lot of experience and
    training.
  • c. African American soldiers were only given
    bayonets with which to fight, while white
    soldiers were allowed to carry guns and operate
    cannons.
  • d. African American soldiers were given rotten
    food to eat and poor living conditions at camp,
    while white soldiers had comfortable living
    conditions at camp.

5
a. African American soldiers were often killed or
sold into slavery if captured by the Confederacy,
while white soldiers were simply held as
prisoners of war.
6
  • 3. Why did Lincoln wait until after the Union
    victory at the Battle of Antietam before
    announcing the Emancipation Proclamation? (16-4)?
  • a. He thought the North would support his
    decision after the victory.
  • b. He thought the South would be more receptive
    to the Proclamation at that time.
  • c. He wanted to catch the Confederacy off guard.
  • d. He wanted the Union to be in a position of
    strength.

7
d. He wanted the Union to be in a position of
strength.
8
  • 4. Which of the following was an African American
    unit in the Civil War that played a key role in
    the attack on South Carolinas Fort Wagner?
    (16-4)
  • a. the 100th Tennessee Colored Infantry
  • b. the 54th Massachusetts Infantry
  • c. the 8th Kansas Colored Heavy Artillery
  • d. the 29th Connecticut Volunteer Cavalry

9
b. the 54th Massachusetts Infantry
10
  • 5. Who was put in charge of all Union army
    nurses? (16-4)
  • a. Susan B. Anthony
  • b. Harriet Beecher Stowe
  • c. Walt Whitman
  • d. Clara Barton

11
d. Clara Barton
12
  • 6. The Union lost a talented military officer and
    leader when this general turned down President
    Lincolns offer to command the Union and resigned
    from the U.S. Army to side with his native state
    of Virginia and run the Southern army. (16-2)
  • a. Thomas J. Jackson
  • b. Robert E. Lee
  • c. Ulysses S. Grant
  • d. George S. Pickett

13
b. Robert E. Lee
14
  • 7. What was the significance of the development
    of a new style of warships covered in metal by
    both the North and the South? (16-2)
  • a. It demonstrated to both sides that the war
    would not be ending soon.
  • b. It marked the end of the use of wooden
    warships powered by sails and wind.
  • c. It made the power of the Northern and Southern
    navies equal.
  • d. It shifted the majority of fighting from the
    land to the sea.

15
b. It marked the end of the use of wooden
warships powered by sails and wind.
16
  • 8. What was the significance of the Battle of
    Antietam? (16-2)
  • a. It shifted control of the Civil War from the
    South to the North.
  • b. It convinced Europe to support the
    Confederacy.
  • c. It severely weakened the Union army.
  • d. It was the last battle that took place in the
    eastern U.S.

17
a. It shifted control of the Civil War from the
South to the North.
18
  • 9. What was Union general Winfield Scotts
    strategy for winning the Civil War? (16-1)
  • a. He wanted to employ a naval blockade of
    southern ports and gain control of the
    Mississippi River to divide the Confederacy.
  • b. He wanted to gain control of the Confederate
    capital in Richmond and force the southern troops
    to surrender.
  • c. He wanted to cut off the Confederacys means
    of transportation by taking control of the
    railroads in the South.
  • d. He wanted to deny the South access to the
    North by building a wall along the border between
    North and South.

19
a. He wanted to employ a naval blockade of
southern ports and gain control of the
Mississippi River to divide the Confederacy.
20
  • 10. Which of these events marked the beginning of
    the Civil War? (16-1)
  • a. the declaration of war from President Lincoln
  • b. the election of Abraham Lincoln to the
    presidency
  • c. the firing of Confederate guns on Fort Sumter
  • d. the abolition of slavery in the South

21
c. the firing of Confederate guns on Fort Sumter
22
  • 11. What advantage did the North have over the
    South in the Battle of Gettysburg? (16-5)
  • a. The North camped at Seminary Ridge, which
    allowed them to line up parallel to the southern
    troops.
  • b. The North had more experience and a greater
    number of troops than the South.
  • c. The North had heavier artillery and more
    resources than the South.
  • d. The North controlled Little Round Top, which
    gave them a better position than the South.

23
d. The North controlled Little Round Top, which
gave them a better position than the South.
24
  • 12. How did both the Union and the Confederate
    armies build up their troops in the beginning of
    the war? (16-1)
  • a. They gave monetary rewards to people willing
    to serve in the army.
  • b. They used women and children to serve in the
    army.
  • c. They relied on help from volunteers to serve
    in the army.
  • d. They issued a draft, which forced civilians to
    serve in the army.

25
c. They relied on help from volunteers to serve
in the army.
26
  • 13. How did the Unions capture of Atlanta
    contribute to Lincolns reelection? (16-5)
  • a. It showed Union voters that the North would
    absolutely win the war.
  • b. It convinced Union voters that the North was
    making progress in the war.
  • c. It showed Union voters that the South was
    willing to give in to Lincolns demands.
  • d. It convinced Union voters that Lincolns
    decision to emancipate slaves was justified.

27
b. It convinced Union voters that the North was
making progress in the war.
28
  • 14. How were prisoners of war treated during the
    Civil War? (16-4)
  • a. They were often held without shelter and given
    little food.
  • b. They were often forced to fight for the enemy
    troops.
  • c. They were treated in humane ways but most
    often they died before their release.
  • d. They were treated well because their captors
    wanted money for their return.

29
a. They were often held without shelter and given
little food.
30
  • 15. What did the Union victory in the Battle of
    Shiloh mean for the Union? (16-3)
  • a. It gave the Union greater control of the
    Mississippi River valley.
  • b. It established Union control of all the border
    states.
  • c. It allowed the Union to focus more on the war
    in the East.
  • d. It won the war in the West for the Union.

31
a. It gave the Union greater control of the
Mississippi River valley.
32
  • 16. Lincolns Gettysburg Address reflected ideas
    that were introduced in the Declaration of
    Independence because Lincoln spoke of the
    importance of
  • a. establishing a limited government.
  • b. valuing liberty, equality, and democracy.
  • c. protecting the rights of individuals.
  • d. giving freedom and equal rights to slaves.

33
b. valuing liberty, equality, and democracy.
34
  • 17. Why was the Battle of Gettysburg a turning
    point in the Civil War?
  • a. It was the scene of the surrender of the
    Confederate troops to the Union.
  • b. It meant that Lee would not be able to launch
    another offensive attack on the North.
  • c. It marked the first clear Union victory of
    the Civil War.
  • d. It resulted in the Confederacy losing over
    half of its troops.

35
b. It meant that Lee would not be able to launch
another offensive attack on the North.
36
  • 18. What principle from the Declaration of
    Independence did President Lincoln base the
    Emancipation Proclamation on? (16-4)
  • a. the principle that the federal government
    should control slavery
  • b. the principle of limited government
  • c. the principle that political power belongs to
    the people
  • d. the principle that all men are created equal

37
d. the principle that all men are created equal
38
  • 19. Northern Democrats who wanted the Union to
    stop fighting and make peace with the South were
    known as (16-4)
  • a. Green Democrats
  • b. Loyalists
  • c. Whigs
  • d. Copperheads

39
d. Copperheads
40
  • 20. What did the Second Battle of Bull Run
    accomplish for the Confederacy? (16-2)
  • a. The Confederacy gained control of the northern
    railroads.
  • b. Most of the Union troops were forced out of
    Virginia.
  • c. Most of the Union troops were lost during this
    battle in Virginia.
  • d. The Confederacy gained control of the Unions
    capital.

41
b. Most of the Union troops were forced out of
Virginia.
42
  • 21. Why did many Northerners begin to oppose the
    Civil War? (16-4)
  • a. They were upset by the length of the war and
    the number of casualties.
  • b. They thought Lincoln was following his own
    agenda and not the Unions.
  • c. They began to realize the importance of
    slavery to the Souths economy.
  • d. They felt that the Union was being too harsh
    on the Confederacy.

43
a. They were upset by the length of the war and
the number of casualties.
44
  • 22. This Northern General won battles, but some
    Northern politicians questioned his ability
    because so many of his troops were killed or
    wounded. (16-3)
  • a. Ambrose E. Burnside
  • b. Robert E. Lee
  • c. Ulysses S. Grant
  • d. George B. McClellan

45
c. Ulysses S. Grant
46
  • 23. The goal of the Union army in the West was to
    gain control of (16-3)?
  • a. the Confederate capital.
  • b. the railroads in the west
  • c. the border state of Kentucky.
  • d. the Mississippi River.

47
d. the Mississippi River.
48
  • 24. How did life change for civilians in both the
    North and the South during the Civil War? (16-4)
  • a. Civilians often had to go long periods of time
    without food because all supplies were sent to
    the troops.
  • b. Civilians often became casualties of war when
    battles took place in the middle of towns and
    major cities.
  • c. Many civilians incapable of serving in the war
    had to take over the jobs left vacant by soldiers
    in the war.
  • d. Many civilians lost their homes and
    livelihoods because of the poor wartime economy.

49
c. Many civilians incapable of serving in the war
had to take over the jobs left vacant by soldiers
in the war.
50
  • 25. What common problem did Civil War soldiers on
    both sides face? (16-4)
  • a. filthy camps littered with garbage
  • b. fleas and lice due to poor personal hygiene
  • c. chronic diarrhea from bad food and water
  • d. all of the above

51
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52
  • 26. In 1864 how did Lincoln propose rewarding
    African American soldiers who had served for the
    Union Army? (16-4)
  • a. He thought about granting them the right to
    hold office.
  • b. He suggested granting them the right to vote.
  • c. He considered granting them U.S. citizenship.
  • d. He recommended giving them the right to own
    property.

53
(No Transcript)
54
  • 27. Why did the Union find it difficult to
    maintain the blockade it set up to control
    southern ports? (16-2)
  • a. The Union navy had to patrol thousands of
    miles of coastline.
  • b. The South had the help of the European navy to
    get around the blockade.
  • c. The Union navy was not as strong as the naval
    forces of the Confederacy.
  • d. The South had small, fast ships to get around
    the blockade.

55
a. The Union navy had to patrol thousands of
miles of coastline.
56
  • 28. What important contribution did General
    William Tecumseh Sherman make to the Union war
    effort? (16-5)
  • a. He rendered southern troops helpless when he
    captured Confederate General Robert E. Lee.
  • b. He cut off southern access to waterways by
    setting up a naval blockade in the Atlantic
    Ocean.
  • c. He succeeded in destroying southern railroads
    and industries by capturing Atlanta.
  • d. He gained control over Confederate troops
    after he led the Union in capturing the
    Confederate capital.

57
  • c. He succeeded in destroying southern railroads
    and industries by capturing Atlanta.

58
  • 29. How did the Siege of Vicksburg affect the
    South? (16-3)
  • a. The Confederacy was disbanded and southern
    states returned to the Union.
  • b. The Confederacys western states were cut off
    from the rest of the South.
  • c. The Souths strength and resolve to win the
    war was revived.
  • d. The South maintained control of the railroads
    and ports in the West.

59
  • b. The Confederacys western states were cut off
    from the rest of the South.

60
  • 30. After Confederate troops defeated Union
    militia forces at this battle President Lincoln
    decided to raise and train a real army. (16-2)
  • a. First Battle of Bull Run
  • b. Antietam
  • c. Second Battle of Bull Run
  • d. Shiloh

61
  • a. First Battle of Bull Run

62
  • 31. In April 1862, a Union fleet commanded by
    this Admiral captured the city of New Orleans.
    (16-3)
  • a. David Farragut
  • b. David Nimitz
  • c. John Paul Jones
  • d. Oliver Hazard Perry

63
  • a. David Farragut

64
  • 32. Which of the following strategies did the
    South have for fighting the war? (16-1)
  • a. capture the Mississippi River in order to
    split off the western states from the rest of the
    Union
  • b. increase cotton exports to Europe in order to
    raise money to buy more guns and supplies
  • c. cut off cotton exports in order to pressure
    Britain and France to help the South fight the
    North.
  • d. attack Washington, D.C., and win a quick
    victory before the U.S. Army was ready to fight

65
c. cut off cotton exports in order to pressure
Britain and France to help the South fight the
North.
66
  • 33. The North's strategy to defeat the South in
    the Civil War was called (16-1)
  • a. the Virginia Strategy
  • b. the Lincoln Plan
  • c. the Winfield Scott Strategy
  • d. the Anaconda Plan

67
  • d. the Anaconda Plan

68
  • 34. What practice did Lincoln employ to silence
    those in opposition to the war? (16-4)
  • a. He passed a law stating that anyone who openly
    opposed the war would be fined a large sum of
    money.
  • b. He ignored the right that protected against
    unlawful imprisonment by jailing enemies of the
    Union without trial or evidence.
  • c. He decided that those who were considered
    enemies of the Union would be forced to
    immediately leave the United States.
  • d. He denied the First Amendment rights of those
    in opposition to the war by banning the rights of
    anti-war sentiments in newspapers.

69
b. He ignored the right that protected against
unlawful imprisonment by jailing enemies of the
Union without trial or evidence
70
  • 35. What was the significance of the First Battle
    of Bull Run? (16-2)
  • a. It destroyed the Confederacys hope of
    restoring unity without resorting to war.
  • b. It shattered the Unions hope of winning the
    war quickly and easily.
  • c. It demonstrated to the Confederacy the power
    and strength of the Union army.
  • d. It showed the Union that the Confederate army
    was weaker than anticipated.

71
  • b. It shattered the Unions hope of winning the
    war quickly and easily.

72
  • 36. What advantage did the North have over the
    South in the Civil War? (16-1)
  • a. Unlike Southern slaves, Northern workers paid
    income taxes that provided the U.S. government
    with money to fight the war
  • b. All of the above were Northern advantages
  • c. The North had a superior railway system which
    could efficiently transport troops and supplies
  • d. Northern farms had more livestock than
    Southern plantations did

73
  • c. The North had a superior railway system which
    could efficiently transport troops and supplies

74
  • 37. Why did Confederate forces invade the North
    in September 1862? (16-2)
  • a. to help convince Britain and France to aid
    the South
  • b. to prevent Northern farmers from harvesting
    their crops
  • c. to convince Maryland to secede and join the
    Confederacy
  • d. all of the above

75
  • a. to help convince Britain and France to aid
    the South

76
  • 38. In what battle did Union forces stop a
    Confederate invasion of the North, in what would
    become the bloodiest one-day battle in American
    history? (16-2)
  • a. Shiloh
  • b. Antietam
  • c. Gettysburg
  • d. Second Battle of Bull Run

77
  • b. Antietam

78
  • 39. Which of the following statements is true
    about the Thirteenth Amendment to the
    Constitution? (16-5 or 17-1)
  • a. It caused the South to keep on fighting the
    Civil War
  • b. It ended slavery in the United States
  • c. All of the above are true
  • d. It was unnecessary because of the Emancipation
    Proclamation

79
b. It ended slavery in the United States
80
  • 40. Why did General Lee decide to surrender his
    troops at Appomattox Courthouse? (16-5)
  • a. The Union promised to restore the South to its
    way of life before the war.
  • b. Confederate President Jefferson Davis ordered
    him to surrender.
  • c. The Union had surrounded his troops and he ran
    out of supplies.
  • d. General Lee no longer wanted to fight and his
    troops wanted to surrender.

81
c. The Union had surrounded his troops and he ran
out of supplies.
82
  • 41. The Emancipation Proclamation was an order
    from Lincoln (16-4)
  • a. requiring slaves to join Union troops.
  • b. granting slaves U.S. citizenship.
  • c. calling for all Confederate slaves to be
    freed.
  • d. ending slavery in the United States.

83
c. calling for all Confederate slaves to be freed.
84
  • 42. Where did Robert E. Lee surrender to Ulysses
    S. Grant essentially leading to the North winning
    the American Civil War? (16-5)
  • a. Appomattox Court House, Virginia
  • b. Andersonville, Georgia
  • c. Gettysburg Battlefield, Pennsylvania
  • d. Shiloh Church at Pittsburg Landing

85
a. Appomattox Court House, Virginia
86
  • 43. During the Civil War many women (16-4)
  • a. began to serve in the military after Lincoln
    granted them permission.
  • b. provided medical care for injured soldiers in
    the war.
  • c. took over the jobs held by their husbands in
    factories and industries.
  • d. traveled with soldiers to cook meals for them
    during the war.

87
  • b. provided medical care for injured soldiers in
    the war.

88
  • 44. Why did General Robert E. Lee decide to lead
    the Confederate army although he was opposed to
    slavery and secession? (16-2)
  • a. He did not agree with President Lincolns
    methods of preserving the Union and protecting
    slavery.
  • b. He was convinced by southern citizens who felt
    that he was their only hope to win the war.
  • c. He had been born in Virginia of the South and
    felt he had to remain loyal to his birthplace,
    family and friends.
  • d. He was offered significant economic rewards
    from Confederate President Jefferson Davis.

89
c. He had been born in Virginia of the South and
felt he had to remain loyal to his birthplace,
family and friends.
90
  • 45. What was the significance of the Siege of
    Vicksburg? (16-3)
  • a. It gave the Union control of the capital of
    the Confederacy.
  • b. It showed the Union that it would win the
    Civil War.
  • c. It gave the Union total control of the
    Mississippi River.
  • d. It showed the Union that the South was as
    strong as ever.

91
c. It gave the Union total control of the
Mississippi River.
92
  • 46. What was the original goal of Reconstruction?
  • a. to reunite the nation and rebuild southern
    states without slavery
  • b. to revive the economies of northern states
    after the Civil War
  • c. to establish a new national government
    following the Civil War
  • d. to provide newly freed slaves with land and
    money

93
a. to reunite the nation and rebuild southern
states without slavery
94
  • 47. What was the Freedmens Bureau?
  • a. an organization established by Congress to aid
    poor southerners
  • b. an organization made up of a group of newly
    freed African Americans
  • c. a group created to establish rules and
    regulations for freedmen in the U.S
  • d. a group designed to aid Reconstruction by
    building the economy of the South

95
a. an organization established by Congress to aid
poor southerners
96
  • 48.All of the following were requirements of
    southern state governments according to Johnsons
    plan for Reconstruction EXCEPT?
  • a. ratifying the Thirteenth Amendment
  • b. refusing to pay southern debts
  • c. declaring secession illegal
  • d. agreeing to end all racial discrimination

97
  • d. agreeing to end all racial discrimination

98
  • 49. What did the passage of the Thirteenth
    Amendment mean for African Americans in the
    United States?
  • a. It gave African Americans the same economic
    opportunities as white Americans.
  • b. It provided African Americans with
    compensation for their labor during slavery.
  • c. It gave African American citizens the right to
    vote.
  • d. It provided African Americans with a future
    free from slavery.

99
  • d. It provided African Americans with a future
    free from slavery.

100
  • 50. Why did Congress still refuse to readmit
    southern states into the Union in 1865, even
    after those states had established new
    governments?
  • a. The representatives of the new governments
    failed to declare secession illegal.
  • b. The new governments failed to revise their
    constitutions by that year.
  • c. The new governments refused to ban slavery in
    their respective states.
  • d. The representatives of the new governments had
    been leaders of the Confederacy.

101
  • d. The representatives of the new governments had
    been leaders of the Confederacy.

102
  • 51. How did the Freedmens Bureau affect
    education for freed slaves in the South?
  • a. It provided freed slaves with transportation
    to and from schools.
  • b. It established more schools and increased
    efforts to educate freed slaves.
  • c. It created scholarship programs that allowed
    freed slaves to attend college.
  • d. It created integrated schools for freed slaves
    and poor whites to attend.

103
b. It established more schools and increased
efforts to educate freed slaves.
104
  • 52. All of the following were forms of assistance
    provided by the Freedmens Bureau EXCEPT?
  • a. providing supplies and medical services
  • b. supervising contracts between freed people and
    employers
  • c. giving monetary support to freed people
  • d. taking care of lands abandoned or captured
    during the war

105
c. giving monetary support to freed people
106
  • 53. The people of the North are not such fools
    as toturn around and say to the traitors, all
    you have to do to return istake an oath that
    henceforth you will be true to the Government.
    Senator Jacob Howard, quoted in
    Reconstruction Americas Unfinished Revolution,
    1863-1877, by Eric Foner
  • Who was Senator Howard representing when he spoke
    those words?
  • a. Republicans opposed to Lincolns plan for
    Reconstruction
  • b. Republicans in favor of Lincolns plan for
    Reconstruction
  • c. Southern plantation owners opposed to
    Reconstruction
  • d. Southern plantation owners in favor of
    Reconstruction

107
  • a. Republicans opposed to Lincolns plan for
    Reconstruction

108
  • 54. All of these were changes in the lives of
    slaves as a result of freedom EXCEPT?
  • a. African American couples were able to legalize
    marriages not recognized under slavery.
  • b. African American women began to work at home
    rather than in the cotton and tobacco fields.
  • c. African American members were welcomed into
    the congregations of white churches.
  • d. African American families began to search for
    relatives who had been sold to different owners.

109
c. African American members were welcomed into
the congregations of white churches.
110
  • 55. Why did many Republican Congress members
    disagree with Lincolns Ten Percent Plan for
    Reconstruction?
  • a. They thought that it would take more to
    restore the Union than for southern states to
    swear an oath of loyalty.
  • b. They thought that Lincolns plan was too harsh
    for the southern states to agree to.
  • c. They thought that the percentage of voters
    required to swear an oath of loyalty under
    Lincolns plan was too high.
  • d. They thought that those who supported the
    Confederacy should be able to vote and hold
    office.

111
a. They thought that it would take more to
restore the Union than for southern states to
swear an oath of loyalty.
112
  • 56. What was Lincolns main vision for
    Reconstruction?
  • a. to quickly return the South to its previous
    way of life
  • b. to see freed slaves living as equals with
    their white counterparts
  • c. to reunite the nation as quickly and
    painlessly as possible
  • d. to make it difficult for the southern states
    to reenter the Union

113
c. to reunite the nation as quickly and
painlessly as possible
114
  • 57. How did Lincolns plan for Reconstruction
    affect the social structure of the South?
  • a. African Americans began to demand the same
    economic and political rights as whites.
  • b. African Americans were recognized as equals
    under the laws of southern governments.
  • c. African Americans received free plots of land
    from southern planters who were forced to give up
    land.
  • d. African Americans received adequate
    compensation for their forced labor during
    slavery.

115
a. African Americans began to demand the same
economic and political rights as whites.
116
  • 58. How did the Wade-Davis Bill differ from
    Lincolns Ten Percent Plan?
  • a. The Wade-Davis Bill required that a majority
    of southern males take an oath of loyalty, while
    Lincolns plan did not.
  • b. The Wade-Davis Bill required that each
    southern state ban slavery, while Lincolns plan
    did not.
  • c. The Wade-Davis Bill allowed each southern
    state to receive a presidential pardon, while
    Lincolns plan did not.
  • d. The Wade-Davis Bill allowed Confederate
    supporters to vote and hold office, while
    Lincolns plan did not.

117
a. The Wade-Davis Bill required that a majority
of southern males take an oath of loyalty, while
Lincolns plan did not.
118
  • 59. What were the Black Codes?
  • a. laws passed that limited the freedom of
    African Americans
  • b. laws passed that provided economic support for
    freed slaves
  • c. an identifying number assigned to individual
    slaves
  • d. a list of demands from African Americans to
    southern governments

119
a. laws passed that limited the freedom of
African Americans
120
  • 60. Why did southern governments pass the Black
    Codes?
  • a. to limit the civil rights of freed African
    Americans
  • b. to show the federal government that the South
    could not be controlled
  • c. to take steps to integrate African Americans
    into the southern culture
  • d. to provide work opportunities for freed
    African Americans in the South

121
a. to limit the civil rights of freed African
Americans
122
  • 61. Why did the Black Codes require that African
    Americans sign work contracts?
  • a. to create revenue for the southern state
    governments after the war
  • b. to make sure that African Americans were not
    taken advantage of
  • c. to replace the labor force that had been lost
    after the ending of slavery
  • d. to ensure that African Americans had steady
    work after the Civil War

123
  • c. to replace the labor force that had been lost
    after the ending of slavery

124
  • 62. Why did Congressional Republicans think that
    passing the Fifteenth Amendment would help
    protect their Reconstruction plan?
  • a. They thought African Americans would vote to
    support the plan if given the right to vote by
    the Fifteenth Amendment.
  • b. They thought that the South would finally get
    behind their plan after the Fifteenth Amendment
    was passed.
  • c. They thought that passing the Fifteenth
    Amendment would end disputes between the North
    and South and strengthen their Reconstruction
    plan.
  • d. They thought that passing the Fifteenth
    Amendment would end racial discrimination, which
    would fulfill their Reconstruction plan.

125
  • a. They thought African Americans would vote to
    support the plan if given the right to vote by
    the Fifteenth Amendment.

126
  • 63. The passage of the Fourteenth Amendment
    changed life for African Americans in the United
    States because it gave African Americans the
  • a. same legal rights as white Americans.
  • b. right to elect national leaders.
  • c. right to own and sell property.
  • d. right to hold a public office.

127
  • a. same legal rights as white Americans.

128
  • 64. Why did Republicans feel the need to propose
    the Fourteenth Amendment before southern states
    were readmitted to the Union?
  • a. to protect the Civil Rights Act from being
    overturned by the South
  • b. to prevent the South from practicing racial
    discrimination
  • c. to ensure that southern states would agree to
    enter the Union
  • d. to gain southern support of the Republican
    Party before the election

129
a. to protect the Civil Rights Act from being
overturned by the South
130
  • 65. The Fourteenth Amendment defined who could be
    considered a citizen in the U.S. Which group did
    the Amendment exclude from U.S. citizenship?
  • a. Antislavery supporters
  • b. African Americans
  • c. American Indians
  • d. Confederacy supporters

131
c. American Indians
132
  • 66. Why did southern governments feel justified
    in passing the Black Codes?
  • a. They felt that the government was intended
    for white men only and not African Americans.
  • b. They felt that the government should provide
    African Americans with the same discipline
    slaveholders provided.
  • c. They felt that they were making the transition
    from slavery easier for African Americans.
  • d. They felt that African Americans wanted some
    guidance on how to conduct their lives after
    obtaining freedom.

133
  • a. They felt that the government was intended
    for white men only and not African Americans.

134
  • 67. How did the Reconstruction Acts, passed by
    Congress in March 1867, affect the makeup of the
    southern states?
  • a. The Acts created new governments and appointed
    Republican governors to each state in the South.
  • b. The Acts divided the South into new states
    controlled by leaders who had not been supporters
    of the Confederacy.
  • c. The Acts divided the South into five military
    districts controlled by a military commander.
  • d. The Acts created a new boundary that separated
    the North from the states that had seceded from
    the Union.

135
  • c. The Acts divided the South into five military
    districts controlled by a military commander.

136
  • 68. What right did the Fifteenth Amendment
    protect for African American men?
  • a. the right to bear arms
  • b. the right to vote in elections
  • c. the right to receive equal treatment
  • d. the right to speak freely about injustices

137
b. the right to vote in elections
138
  • 69. Why did President Johnson decide to bring an
    end to the Freedmens Bureau?
  • a. He determined the organization to be
    unconstitutional in the eyes of the law.
  • b. He did not agree with the educational reforms
    that the Bureau made.
  • c. He felt that the Bureau was giving too much
    power to African Americans.
  • d. He saw that the organization was becoming a
    threat to Reconstruction.

139
  • a. He determined the organization to be
    unconstitutional in the eyes of the law.

140
  • 70. Which of these was a restriction placed on
    African Americans under the Black Codes?
  • a. African Americans were prevented from owning
    guns.
  • b. African Americans could not accept wages for
    work completed.
  • c. African Americans were prevented from leaving
    the South without permission.
  • d. African Americans could not work in white
    households.

141
a. African Americans were prevented from owning
guns.
142
  • 71. Which of these was a reason behind the
    creation of the Ku Klux Klan in 1866?
  • a. The Democrats were a relatively new political
    party and had not yet gained enough support.
  • b. Many southerners in the Democratic Party
    became abolitionists and supported other parties.
  • c. Many members of the Democratic Party decided
    to vote for a candidate that was not in their
    party.
  • d. The Democrats could not agree on a single
    candidate so their votes were divided between two
    candidates.

143
  • d. The Democrats could not agree on a single
    candidate so their votes were divided between two
    candidates.

144
  • 72. How did members of the Ku Klux Klan
    demonstrate their anger towards African
    Americans?
  • a. They used violence and terror against
    African Americans to prevent them from voting.
  • b. They lobbied Congress to declare the Fifteenth
    Amendment unconstitutional.
  • c. They held peaceful protests to try to remove
    African Americans from office.
  • d. They used their voting power to hinder African
    American civil rights.

145
They used violence and terror against African
Americans to prevent them from voting.
146
  • 73. In 1872, what change in the southern state
    governments brought about the end of many
    Reconstruction reforms?
  • a. The federal government took control of the
    state governments.
  • b. Democrats regained control of the state
    governments.
  • c. Republican leaders of the state governments
    began to oppose Reconstruction.
  • d. African Americans lost their positions in the
    state legislatures.

147
  • b. Democrats regained control of the state
    governments.

148
  • 74. How did state legislatures in the South begin
    to change as a result of Reconstruction?
  • a. Many white southerners began to support
    African American leaders in the state
    legislatures.
  • b. Many African Americans were elected as
    representatives to the state legislatures.
  • c. The Democratic Party took control of state
    legislatures from the Republicans.
  • d. The state legislatures began to focus on
    passing laws to defy the Reconstruction
    government.

149
a. Many white southerners began to support
African American leaders in the state
legislatures.
150
  • 75. Reconstruction state governments in the South
    did all of the following, except
  • a. pass laws prohibiting discrimination against
    African Americans.
  • b. provide monetary aid for the construction of
    railroads and bridge
  • c. establish state-funded public school systems.
  • d. lower taxes for citizens living in southern
    states.

151
a. pass laws prohibiting discrimination against
African Americans.
152
  • 76. Why was the Ku Klux Klan able to obtain a
    great deal of power in the South before 1870?
  • a. Local governments did not do much to stop the
    violence of the group.
  • b. The Klan made threats to the government to
    discourage government interference.
  • c. The Klan received public support from Congress
    to continue its work.
  • d. Local governments had no legal right to
    prohibit the groups activities.

153
  • a. Local governments did not do much to stop the
    violence of the group.

154
  • 77. How did the Compromise of 1877 affect
    Reconstruction?
  • a. It showed that the Democrats were beginning to
    support Reconstruction.
  • b. It promoted Reconstruction by giving
    Republicans more power in the federal
    government.
  • c. It helped end Reconstruction and required the
    removal of federal troops from the South.
  • d. It required that federal funding be halted for
    Reconstruction government reforms.

155
c. It helped end Reconstruction and required the
removal of federal troops from the South.
156
  • 78. The formation of the Ku Klux Klan inspired
    which action by the federal government?
  • a. Congress declared that it was illegal to deny
    citizens equal protection under the law.
  • b. Congress declared that before groups like the
    Ku Klux Klan are established federal permission
    is needed.
  • c. Congress declared it illegal to speak out
    publicly in a negative way toward African
    Americans.
  • d. Congress declared that the Ku Klux Klan had a
    right to exist and should be protected under the
    law.

157
a. Congress declared that it was illegal to deny
citizens equal protection under the law.
158
  • 79. How did the Democratic group the Redeemers
    attempt to limit the rights of African Americans?
  • a. They established laws that successfully
    discriminated against African Americans.
  • b. They raised property taxes, making it
    difficult for African Americans to own real
    estate.
  • c. They established new schools for white
    Americans and reduced the number of schools for
    African Americans.
  • d. They raised the state budget and used the
    extra money to create programs to limit African
    American rights.

159
  • a. They established laws that successfully
    discriminated against African Americans.

160
  • 80. What were Jim Crow laws?
  • a. laws that enforced the segregation of the
    races
  • b. laws that denied African Americans the right
    to vote
  • c. laws established to protect African American
    civil rights
  • d. laws established to prevent African Americans
    from holding office

161
a. laws that enforced the segregation of the races
162
  • 81. Why was the verdict in the Plessy v. Ferguson
    case significant?
  • a. It legalized segregation in the U.S. as long
    as separate-but-equal facilities were
    provided.
  • b. It gave African Americans hope for obtaining
    equal rights in the United States.
  • c. It showed that the federal government was
    beginning to shift its focus from civil rights.
  • d. It ended the reign of the oppressive Jim Crow
    laws in the United States.

163
  • a. It legalized segregation in the U.S. as long
    as separate-but-equal facilities were provided.

164
  • 82. Who were the Redeemers?
  • a. a group of northerners hoping to create laws
    in favor of segregation
  • b. a group of northern Republicans interested in
    reinstating the Reconstruction plan
  • c. a group of southerners hoping to restore the
    South to its pre-Civil War way of life
  • d. a group of southern Democrats interested in
    limiting the rights of African Americans

165
  • d. a group of southern Democrats interested in
    limiting the rights of African Americans

166
  • 83. What steps were taken by the Redeemers to
    deny the right to vote to African Americans?
  • a. They permitted voting by those who held the
    right to vote prior to the Civil War, a right
    held by white males.
  • b. They used violence and force as a means to
    prevent African Americans from voting in
    elections.
  • c. They set up the poll tax, which required
    African Americans to pay a fee before voting.
  • d. They set up voting facilities in secret areas
    that only white southerners could gain access to.

167
  • c. They set up the poll tax, which required
    African Americans to pay a fee before voting.

168
  • 84. How did the sharecropping system limit the
    opportunities for African Americans to own farms
    and property?
  • a. Most sharecroppers lived in a cycle of debt,
    first buying goods on credit and then failing to
    make much money selling their crops.
  • b. Most sharecroppers were not paid their fair
    share of the profit from the landowners for the
    selling of the crops they grew.
  • c. Most sharecroppers were forced to grow crops
    like corn and wheat, which were never in high
    demand by the American public.
  • d. Most sharecroppers had to live off of the
    crops they grew for food and as a result never
    had any goods left to sell.

169
  • a. Most sharecroppers lived in a cycle of debt,
    first buying goods on credit and then failing to
    make much money selling their crops.

170
  • 85. Why was the Thirteenth Amendment so important
    to Lincolns Reconstruction plan?
  • a. It guaranteed that southerners would support
    the Republican Party.
  • b. It helped win African American support for the
    plan for Reconstructio
  • c. It ended slavery, which was the foundation of
    Lincolns Reconstruction plan.
  • d. It ensured that Lincolns decision to end
    slavery could never be overturned.

171
  • d. It ensured that Lincolns decision to end
    slavery could never be overturned.

172
  • 86. Which of the following was a cause of the
    Civil War
  • a. Taxation without representation
  • c. Conflict over the valuable fur trade in the
    Ohio River Valley
  • b. The assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand
  • d. Disagreements over the institution of slavery

173
  • d. Disagreements over the institution of slavery

174
  • 87. This law provided African Americans with the
    same legal rights as white Americans.
  • a. Thirteenth Amendment
  • b. Gettysburg Address
  • c. Civil Rights Act of 1866
  • d. Emancipation Proclamation

175
c. Civil Rights Act of 1866
176
  • 88. The series of battles designed to capture the
    Confederate capital at Richmond was knowns as
  • a. The Confederate Siege
  • b. The Wilderness Campaign
  • c. Pickett's Charge
  • d. Shermans March to the Sea

177
b. The Wilderness Campaign
178
  • 89. All of the following were effects of the
    civil war EXCEPT
  • a. Slavery ends
  • b. Southern economy in ruins
  • c. 620,000 Americans killed
  • d. Two permanent Americas

179
  • d. Two permanent Americas

180
  • 90. The tactics that Sherman used against the
    Confederate armies in the South were based on
    what strategy?
  • a. cutting off troops from their officers
  • b. destroying the southern resources and economy
  • c. a naval blockade of southern ports
  • d. hit and run attacks on major southern cities

181
b. destroying the southern resources and economy
182
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