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Explore the ways in which Shakespeare makes Act One Scene Five dramatically effective

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Title: Explore the ways in which Shakespeare makes Act One Scene Five dramatically effective


1
Explore the ways in which Shakespeare makes Act
One Scene Five dramatically effective
2
Putting the scene into context
  • The public feud and the Princes warning to
    Capulet and Montague will still be in the
    audiences mind
  • Romeo has gone to the party to see Rosaline
  • Act 1 Scene 4 ended with Romeo fearing of the
    consequences if he went to the party. He thought
    there was a strange and foreboding atmosphere.
  • This contrasts with the beginning of this scene
    which opens in a jovial and light hearted manner.

3
This first section of the scene prolongs the
audiences expectations of Romeo Juliets
meeting. This foreshadows the delay in the
Nurses getting information to Juliet and the
Friars arriving at Juliets tomb. The scene
opens with servants to create a neutralising
effect. Shakespeare is focusing the audience on
the atmosphere rather than plot and characters.
  • Scene V.The Same. A Hall in CAPULET'S
    House.Musicians waiting. Enter
    Servingmen.First Serv. Where's Potpan, that he
    helps not to take away?
  • He shift a trencher! He scrape a trencher!Sec.
    Serv. When good manners shall lie all in one or
    two men's hands, and they unwashed too, 'tis a
    foul thing. First Serv. Away with the
    joint-stools, remove the court-cupboard, look to
    the plate. Good thou, save me a piece of
    marchpane and, as thou lovest me, let the
    porter let in Susan Grind- stone and Nell.
    Antony! and Potpan!Sec. Serv. Ay, boy ready.
    First Serv. You are looked for and called for,
    asked for and sought for in the great
    chamber.Third Serv. We cannot be here and there
    too. Sec. Serv. Cheerly, boys be brisk awhile,
    and the longer liver take all. They retire
    behind-

Questions and exclamations create an immediate
sense of urgency. They are complaining that some
are not pulling their weight.
The use of four verbs creates a sense of urgency
and an impression of a busy and chaotic
atmosphere.
The servants names add a comic aspect to their
role in the scene.
Despite the hard work the servant remains
positive.
4
Capulet greets his guests Zeffirellis version
5
Enter CAPULET and JULIET and Others of his
house, meeting the Guests and Maskers. Cap.
Welcome, gentlemen! ladies that have their toes
Unplagued with corns will walk a bout with you.
Ah ha! my mistresses, which of you all Will now
deny to dance? she that makes dainty, she, I'll
swear, hath corns am I come near ye now?
Welcome, gentlemen! I have seen the day That I
have worn a visor, and could tell A whispering
tale in a fair lady's ear Such as would please
'tis gone, 'tis gone, 'tis gone. You are
welcome, gentlemen! Come, musicians, play. A
hall! a hall! give room, and foot it,
girls.Music plays, and they dance.More light,
ye knaves! and turn the tables up, And quench
the fire, the room has grown too hot. Ah!
sirrah, this unlook'd-for sport comes well. Nay,
sit, nay, sit, good cousin Capulet, For you and
I are past our dancing daysHow long is't now
since last yourself and I Were in a mask?
Repetition of phrase highlights the atmosphere
and shows Capulet is eager to make the party a
success.
Several instructions to guests and servants
demonstrate his eagerness for the night to be a
success.
This is Romeo entering the party. unlookd-for
implies that he is not invited. Even so, comes
well suggests Capulet still appears pleased to
see him.
Capulet reminisces with his cousin serve to
further highlight and reinforce his good mood.
A masked ball.
6
By Our Lady Mary, the mother of Christ.
Capulet and his cousin continue to reminisce.
They disagree in a light-hearted way about when
they both last attend a masked ball and wooed the
ladies.
Sec. Cap. By'r Lady, thirty years. Cap. What,
man! 'tis not so much, 'tis not so much'Tis
since the nuptial of Lucentio, Come Pentecost as
quickly as it will, Some five and twenty years
and then we mask'd. Sec. Cap. 'Tis more, 'tis
more his son is elder, sir. His son is
thirty.Cap. Will you tell me that? His son was
but a ward two years ago. Rom. What lady is that
which doth enrichthe hand Of yonder knight?
Serv. I know not, sir.
Capulet cannot believe that so much time has
passed. The modern equivalent is the American
expression shut up! as in I dont believe it.
Romeo is here to find Rosaline, yet he
immediately falls in love with Juliet when he
sees her. This demonstrates the 16th century
audiences beliefs in love at first sight. The
word enrich implies that he thinks she is
better than all the other guests at the ball.
7
Romeo sees Juliet for the first time
Zeffirellis version
8
Despite Romeos language of love, the audience
feels tense fear for couple, as the prologue
exposed how the couple meet their deaths.
Romeo speaks in very rich expressions which
contrasts with the clichéd phrases he used to
describe Rosaline.
Use of rhyme creates a romantic atmosphere and
intensifies the feelings Romeo has toward Juliet.
Juliets beauty stands out from the other women,
as a jewel stands out on dark skin.
Rom. O! she doth teach the torches to burn
bright. It seems she hangs upon the cheek of
night Like a rich jewel in an Ethiop's
earBeauty too rich for use, for earth too dear!
So shows a snowy dove trooping with crows, As
yonder lady o'er her fellows shows. The measure
done, I'll watch her place of stand, And,
touching hers, make blessed my rude hand. Did my
heart love till now? forswear it, sight! For I
ne'er saw true beauty till this night.
Use of bird imagery suggests Juliet is the one
pure woman amongst the other impure guests.
Ironic doves are symbol of peace yet this
meeting brings hatred, violence death.
Implies Juliet has healing powers is therefore
saintly. This religious imagery is picked up
later in the scene in Romeos courtship of
Juliet.
With this question, Romeo completely rejects his
prior claims that he loved Rosaline.
9
Tybalt argues with Capulet Zeffirellis version
10
Tybalts violent words contrast greatly with the
rich imagery Romeo has just used. This causes a
shift in the tension. Rapier is a sword.
At first, Capulet tries to humour Tybalt to calm
his angry mood.
Tyb. This, by his voice, should be a Montague.
Fetch me my rapier, boy. What! dares the
slaveCome hither, cover'd with an antic face,
To fleer and scorn at our solemnity? Now, by
the stock and honour of my kin, To strike him
dead I hold it not a sin.Cap. Why, how now,
kinsman! wherefore storm you so? Tyb. Uncle,
this is a Montague, our foeA villain that is
hither come in spite, To scorn at our solemnity
this night. Cap. Young Romeo, is it? Tyb. 'Tis
he, that villain Romeo. Cap. Content thee,
gentle coz, let him aloneHe bears him like a
portly gentlemanAnd, to say truth, Verona brags
of him To be a virtuous and well-govern'd youth.
I would not for the wealth of all this town
Here in my house do him disparagementTherefore
be patient, take no note of himIt is my will
the which if thou respect, Show a fair presence
and put off these frowns, An ill-beseeming
semblance for a feast.
Capulet compliments Romeo conflicting with his
involvement in the violent fight at the start of
the play. Portrays him as being fickle and
two-faced.
Storms were widely believed to be created by the
Devil in his battle to overthrow the power of
God. 16th Century audiences would see this as a
sign that Tybalt is acting with evil intentions.
Capulets advice on the surface seems wise,
however we soon see that it is only because he
doesnt want his masked ball ruined.
This shows that Capulet is embarrassed that
Tybalts behaviour will show him up publicly.
11
Repetition brings speed and force to the
exchange. Shows there is a battle between Tybalt
and Capulet as well as Tybalt and Romeo.
Use of short sharp forceful phrases shows
Capulets exasperation at Tybalts hot headed
attitude. It also contrasts with his light
hearted joviality at the start of the scene.
Tyb. It fits, when such a villain is a
guestI'll not endure him.Cap. He shall be
endur'd What! goodman boy I say, he shall, go
toAm I the master here, or you? go to. You'll
not endure him! God shall mend my soul!You'll
make a mutiny among my guests! You will set
cock-a-hoop! you'll be the man! Tyb. Why, uncle,
'tis a shame. Cap. Go to, go toYou are a saucy
boyis't so indeed? This trick may chance to
scathe you.I know what You must contrary me!
marry, 'tis time. Well said, my hearts! You are
a princox goBe quiet, or - More light, more
light! - For shame!I'll make you quiet. What!
cheerly, my hearts! Tyb. Patience perforce with
wilful choler meeting Makes my flesh tremble in
their different greeting.I will withdraw but
this intrusion shall Now seeming sweet convert
to bitter gall. Exit.
Breaks pauses show Capulets disbelief at
Tybalts challenging behaviour.
Capulet interrupts his scathing speech to
instruct the servants to shed more light on the
guests and to encourage the guests to enjoy
themselves. He is clearly anxious that the party
isnt brought to a standstill by Tybalts
behaviour
Tybalt has the last word, commenting he will not
act now, but will be sure to later. This threat
casts an immediate shadow over Romeo and Juliets
relationship before its even begun.
bitter gall is poison referring to the revenge
Tybalt will enact.
12
Romeo courts Juliet Zeffirellis version
13
Use of religious vocabulary extended metaphor.
This emphasises the purity of their love, but
could also imply they are being blasphemous
will be punished later by God.
Pun on word palm. Pilgrims carried palm leaves
on Easter Sunday from Jerusalem, also palm of
hand used to pray/hold hands with.
Rom. To JULIET. If I profane with my
un-worthiest hand This holy shrine, the gentle
sin is thisMy lips, two blushing pilgrims,
ready standTo smooth that rough touch with a
tender kiss. Jul. Good pilgrim, you do wrong
your hand too much, Which mannerly devotion
shows in thisFor saints have hands that
pilgrims' hands do touch,And palm to palm is
holy palmers' kiss. Rom. Have not saints lips,
and holy palmers too? Jul. Ay, pilgrim, lips
that they must use in prayer.Rom. O! then, dear
saint, let lips do what hands doThey pray,
grant thou, lest faith turn to despair. Jul.
Saints do not move, though grant for prayers'
sake. Rom. Then move not, while my prayers'
effect I take. Thus from my lips, by thine, my
sin is purg'd.Kissing herJul. Then have my
lips the sin that they have took. Rom. Sin from
my lips? O trespass sweetly urg'd! Give me my
sin again. Jul. You kiss by the book.
This hints at her death as saints are worshipped
after death, not in life.
Romeo elevates Juliets position by presenting
her as the saint and himself as the pilgrim who
worships her. Use of contrasting images of
saints pilgrims could imply that Romeo Juliet
are mismatched and forebode the tragic end to
their relationship.
Dramatic irony they refer to their actions as
sins, little realising that that is exactly how
their families would view what theyre doing.
14
Romeo discovers the truth Zeffirellis version
15
The chinks refers to Capulets wealth. The
Nurse sees future riches in any match with
Juliet. Foreshadows her future lack of support
when she suggests Juliet marry Paris.
Another interruption, this time by the Nurse.
Foreshadows future fragmentation of their
relationship.
Nurse. Madam, your mother craves a word with
you.Rom. What is her mother? Nurse. Marry,
bachelor, Her mother is the lady of the house,
And a good lady, and a wise, and virtuousI
nurs'd her daughter, that you talk'd withalI
tell you he that can lay hold of her Shall have
the chinks.Rom. Is she a Capulet? O dear
account! my life is my foe's debt. Ben. Away, be
gone the sport is at the best.Rom. Ay, so I
fear the more is my unrest. Cap. Nay,
gentlemen, prepare not to be gone We have a
trifling foolish banquet towards. Is it e'en so?
Why then, I thank you all I thank you, honest
gentlemen good-night. More torches here I Come
on then, let's to bed. Ah! sirrah, by my fay, it
waxes lateI'll to my rest. Exeunt all except
JULIET and Nurse.
Ironic because of effort he has put into make it
successful. Also implies he has been the foolish
one for his actions this evening.
Romeos speech continues the language of finance
used by the Nurse. Dramatic irony he is
already talking of their relationship in terms
of life and death.
Audience were expecting a conflict between a
Capulet Romeo. The romantic speeches and exit
of Capulet contrasts with their expectations.
16
Juliet discovers the truth Zeffirellis version
17
Dramatically ironic ominously foreboding in
reflection of her faked death final death in
the burial chamber with her husband. It is also
revealing about Juliets character she appears
already to be threatening suicide.
There is a great delay in Juliet finding out who
Romeo is. This again reflects the delays created
by the Nurse the Friar in getting to her before
she dies. It also adds to the tension of the
dreaded moment when they realise the conflict
between the two families seals their fate.
Jul. Come hither, nurse. What is yond gentleman?
Nurse. The son and heir of old Tiberio. Jul.
What's he that now is going out of door? Nurse.
Marry, that, I think, be young Petruchio. Jul.
What's he, that follows there, that would not
dance? Nurse. I know not Jul. Go, ask his
name.If he be married, My grave is like to be
my wedding-bed. Nurse. His name is Romeo, and a
MontagueThe only son of your great enemy. Jul.
My only love sprung from my only hate!Too early
seen unknown, and known too late! Prodigious
birth of love it is to me, That I must love a
loathed enemy.Nurse. What's this, what's this?
Jul. A rime I learn'd even now Of one I danc'd
withal.One calls within, 'JULIET!' Nurse.
Anon, anon! Come, let's away the strangers
are all gone. Exeunt.
Juliets feelings reflect Romeos. Like him she
recognises that already they are truly in love.
Use of several paradoxes antithesis
demonstrate Juliets hearts betrayal anguish
at the truth.
18
The scenes dramatic shape
It is essential to consider the dramatic impact
on the audience of each section of the scene, but
most important is the cumulative impact of the
different elements of the scene.
  • The servants preparing for the banquet
  • Capulet greeting the guests
  • Romeo seeing Juliet for the first time
  • Tybalt seeing Romeo and arguing with Capulet
    about fighting him
  • Romeo and Juliet meet for the first time
  • Romeo and Juliet separately discover each
    others identity
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