Understanding Mental Illness Canadian Mental Health Association Windsor-Essex County Branch - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Loading...

PPT – Understanding Mental Illness Canadian Mental Health Association Windsor-Essex County Branch PowerPoint presentation | free to download - id: 756472-NzEzZ



Loading


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

Understanding Mental Illness Canadian Mental Health Association Windsor-Essex County Branch

Description:

Understanding Mental Illness Canadian Mental Health Association Windsor-Essex County Branch – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:134
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 27
Provided by: PaulCr152
Learn more at: http://web4.uwindsor.ca
Category:

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: Understanding Mental Illness Canadian Mental Health Association Windsor-Essex County Branch


1
Understanding Mental Illness Canadian Mental
Health Association Windsor-Essex County Branch
2
Our Mission To enhance and promote the mental
health of all persons and support the resilience
and recovery of people experiencing mental
illness in our community through education,
prevention, advocacy and services.
3
Organizational Overview
  • Resource Centre Prevention Services
  • Community Relations Fund Development
  • Work Place Health
  • Case Management
  • Housing Employment Services
  • On-site clinic

4
Mental Health
  • A state of emotional and psychological well-being
    that affects our ability to meet the demands of
    life.
  • Mental health is far more than the absence of
    mental illness.

5
Mental Illness/Disorder
  • Diagnostic criteria includes symptoms in areas
    such as mood, thinking behaviour, as well as
    impairment in functioning and/or significant
    distress.
  • Approximately 20 of individuals will experience
    a mental illness during their lifetime.
  • The economic cost of mental illness in Canada was
    estimated to be at least 7.331 billion dollars in
    1993

6
Types of Affective/Mood Disorders
  • Depression
  • Bipolar Disorder (Manic Depression)
  • Seasonal Affective Disorder
  • Dysthymia
  • Post Partum Depression

7
Depression Signs and Symptoms
  • Mood depressed, hopeless, unable to experience
    joy or pleasure
  • Thoughts impaired thinking, poor memory
    concentration, preoccupied with death suicide
  • Self-esteem preoccupied by shortcomings,
    worthlessness
  • Activity diminished or slowed movements and
    activities, sleep and appetite disturbances

8
Depression Prevalence
  • Approximately 8 of adults will experience a
    major depression at some time in their life.
  • During any 12 month period, between 4-5 of the
    population will experience depression.
  • Rates of depression are higher in females. The
    female to male ratio is approximately 21

9
Bipolar Disorder Signs and Symptoms
  • Involves cycles of manic episodes and depressive
    episodes
  • Manic episodes involve a euphoric mood, perhaps
    an irritable mood, unreasonable optimism,
    exaggerated sense of importance perhaps ranging
    to grandiose or paranoid delusions, accelerated
    thoughts speech, increased physical activity,
    decreased need for sleep and risky or bizarre
    behaviours.

10
Bipolar Disorder Prevalence
  • Prevalence rates range from 0.6 to 1 of the
    population.
  • Men and women are equally susceptible. Gender
    plays a role in the onset and course of the
    illness.

11
Types of Anxiety Disorder
  • Generalized Anxiety Disorder
  • Phobias
  • Panic Disorder
  • Obsessive Compulsive Disorder
  • Post Traumatic Stress

12
Anxiety Disorders Signs Symptoms
  • Generalized Anxiety Disorder Severe, chronic,
    exaggerated worry tension, inability to relax
  • Phobia extreme, irrational fear that leads to
    avoidance behaviour
  • Panic Disorder extreme feelings of anxiety.
    Symptoms often mistaken for a heart attack.
    Anticipatory anxiety avoidance behaviour often
    develop.
  • Obsessive Compulsive Disorder Endless cycles of
    disturbing thoughts (obsessions) rituals
    (compulsions) that significantly interfere with
    daily life.

13
Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) Signs and
Symptoms
  • Occurs after exposure to a life threatening
    event, such as personal assault, a serious
    accident, a natural disaster or military combat
  • Symptoms include re-experiencing or reliving the
    trauma, avoidance behaviours and heightened
    arousal

14
Anxiety Disorders Prevalence
  • Prevalence rates for anxiety disorders are about
    12 (1 yr prevalence rates)
  • Women are 2to3 times more likely than men to
    suffer from any type of anxiety disorder.
  • Over 30 of women experience an anxiety disorder
    at some time in their life.
  • Rates of obsessive compulsive disorder are nearly
    equal for men and women
  • Females risk of developing PTSD following a
    trauma is twice that of males. Females are also
    more likely to develop long-term PTSD have
    higher rates of co-occurring medical
    psychiatric problems.

15
Psychotic Disorders - Schizophrenia
  • Complex brain disorder
  • It is not a split personality
  • Affects about 1 of the population
  • Affects men and women equally, but men tend to
    develop the illness earlier
  • Outcome for persons with schizophrenia is highly
    variable.

16
Schizophrenia Signs and Symptoms
  • Positive symptoms delusions, hallucinations,
    disorganized thinking/ speech, grossly
    disorganized behaviour
  • Negative symptoms lack of emotions or blunted
    emotions, low motivation, inappropriate social
    skills or lack of interest in socializing, social
    isolation
  • Cognitive symptoms slow thinking, difficulty
    understanding, poor concentration memory,
    difficulty expressing thoughts

17
Eating Disorders
  • Anorexia Nervosa deprivation of food, distorted
    body image. Body weight at least 15 below normal
    weight.
  • Bulimia Nervosa cyclic binge eating followed by
    purging. Weight is often normal.
  • Binge Eating Disorder compulsive overeating
    without attempting to purge

18
Eating Disorders Prevalence
  • Approximately 3 of women will be affected by an
    eating disorder during their lifetime.
  • One-year prevalence rates
  • Women 2.8
  • Men 0.5

19
Personality Disorders
  • Broad and enduring patterns of thoughts
    behaviours that lead to significant difficulties
    in establishing fulfilling relationships or in
    leading a productive life.
  • Personality disorders affect 6 to 9 of the
    population
  • There are several different types of personality
    disorders

20
Borderline Personality Disorder
  • Pervasive pattern of instability in emotions,
    interpersonal relationships, self-image severe
    impulsivity
  • Often shows recurrent suicidal behaviour or
    self-mutilating behaviour
  • Prevalence about 2 of the general population
  • About 75 of those diagnosed are females

21
Antisocial Personality Disorder
  • Pervasive pattern of disregard for and violation
    of, the rights of others for example, criminal
    behaviour, lying, physical aggression,
    manipulation
  • Behaviour patterns being in childhood/
    adolescence continue into adulthood
  • Prevalence is about 3 in males about 1 in
    females

22
Suicide
  • About 4,000 people die annually in Canada by
    suicide and many, many more try
  • All Canadians are affected by suicide and
    suicidal behaviour, regardless of age, culture,
    income or education
  • Male/Female ratio 41 complete suicide
  • Women attempt more often

23
Suicide
  • Suicidal feelings usually indicate an underlying
    illness, frequently depression
  • Treatment of depression can and does save lives
  • Most who die by suicide are not in treatment
  • If someone talks about suicide, take it
    seriously notify a professional

24
Casual Factors in Mental Illness
  • Mental illnesses are related to a complex
    interaction of a number of factors
  • Genetic factors
  • Neurobiological factors (e.g. levels of
    neurotransmitters in the brain)
  • Brain structure of processes
  • Environmental factors (e.g. socioeconomic
    factors, family, exposure to trauma, work
  • Physical illness

25
Factors Related to Gender Differences in Mental
Illnesses
  • Hormonal Differences
  • Socialization
  • Social Roles
  • Psychosocial Factors

26
For more information contact 255-7440
or www.cmha-wecb.on.ca
About PowerShow.com