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HINDUISM

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JUDAISM HINDUISM BUDDHISM CONFUCIANISM TAOISM Early Religions – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: HINDUISM


1
JUDAISM
HINDUISM
BUDDHISM
CONFUCIANISM
TAOISM
Early Religions
2
What are the basic beliefs of the Hebrews
The Hebrews
The One God
  • Monotheistic
  • Yahweh Hebrew for god
  • Omniscient- Knows all/ Omnipresent all places/
    Omnipotent all powerful
  • Created Nature and everything in it. Created
    Humans in His image. Idea that earth was
    created for the Humans.
  • Seen as a Father Figure to the Humans.
  • Thus is a loving god who wants the best for His
    children, but can be vengeful if they dont live
    up to his expectations.
  • Different then all other gods at the time, he was
    not as interested in controlling nature but in
    controlling Human behavior. Morals. Humans
    doing what is right and what is wrong.

Identify the parts of the information above that
would motivate people towards achieving goals?
Think of your H o M goal. How would Hebrews
explain that the above information could help you
in achieving your goal. Which of the above
explain Hebrew view towards the environment? How
might that be controversial today?
3
What are the basic beliefs of the Hebrews
The Hebrews
  • Agreement between God and the Hebrew People
  • Hebrews are Chosen People
  • -They were the only ones in F.C. that believed in
    Him.
  • Thus they get this special deal.
  • If you follow His laws and have faith in Him,
    then you get
  • All things possible and taken care.
  • Heaven on Earth When all Hebrews were living
    according to Gods law Heaven will come to
    earth.
  • Messiah He would send a Savior to let people
    know when it was about to happen.
  • Judgment Day All the peoples of the earth will
    be judged whether or not they get to stay in
    Heaven.
  • Resurrection Those who had died waiting for
    heaven will be reborn
  • Afterlife Where are those people in the mean
    time? Unclear!

T H E C O V E N A N T
Identify the parts of the information above that
would motivate people towards achieving goals?
Think of your H o M goal. How would Hebrews
explain that the above information could help you
in achieving your goal.
4
What are the basic beliefs of the Hebrews
The Hebrews
The Covenant
  • Promised Land
  • In the meantime (while waiting for everyone) as
    long as the Hebrews are trying to live by law
    they would get a homeland of their own.
  • Abraham took people to Canaan Modern country of
    Israel.

How does this information explain the cause of
modern conflict between Israel and Palestine
today? How has that shaped the War on Terror?
5
What are the basic beliefs of the Hebrews
The Hebrews
Gods Law
  • Influenced by Hammurabis Code People are best
    managed if have rules defined with consequences
    for following them.

Revealed Through Prophets- people who spoke with
or through God Abram- Original Covenant Moses
10 Commandments Worship no other/Covet neighbors
property/steal/ kill/ honor parents/ use Lords
name in vain/ adultery/ false idols/ observe
Sabbath/ false witness Later Prophets and Laws
(613) Bris - Circumcision Kashrut- Food Laws
Identify the parts of the information above that
would motivate people towards achieving goals?
Think of your H o M goal. How would Hebrews
explain that the above information could help you
in achieving your goal.
6
What are the basic beliefs of the Hebrews
The Hebrews
The Word of God
  • Prophets
  • Torah - Books of Moses 1st 5 books
  • Neviim- Books of later Prophets
  • Rabbis - Teachers
  • Talmud Their interpretations of laws

7
Applying Beliefs to Historical Events
The Hebrews
Event Reward or Punishment? Hebrew actions that lead to the event Explanation of law and consequence
Abraham is given Canaan as their promise land
Hebrews are enslaved in Egypt
Hebrews are lost in the Sinai desert for 40 years
Hebrews are given the Kin
Hebrews are deported and held captive in Babylon
8
Hebrews and the Modern world.
The Hebrews
Occupation of the Kingdom The
Diaspora Zionism and the creation of Modern
Israel.
Nebuchadnezzer allowed Jews to return to
Jerusalem. Since then, Jews have lived in
Palestine and Jerusalem but always under the
rule of others. Persians, Romans, Arabs,
Turks Roman rule forced many Jews to spread
West. More eventually lived in Europe then in
Israel. Eventually migrated to North America as
well. Wherever they lived they were punished
with persecutions. 1890 movement to return to
Israel and establish their Promised Land Land
was a British colony occupied by Muslim
Palestinians
9
Hebrews and the Modern world.
The Hebrews
Zionism and the creation of Modern Israel.
British agreed to allow Jewish people to move to
Palestine and begin establishing new homes. At
first no huge tension with Palestinians because
populations were small After Holocaust, Jewish
Population in Palestine began to skyrocket
caused tension with Palestinians. England asked
United Nations to help. U.S. proposed plan to
split land into two nations Israel and
Palestine. Palestinians with other Arab nation
allies attacked Israel. Israel claimed most land
that was supposed to be Palestine. War has been
going on in various forms ever since. U.S. has
been Israels biggest ally
10
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11
How have the Chosen People adapted to living with
the rest of the Modern World?
The Hebrews
3 Branches of Judaism today
Orthodox- The way it has always been done! 18 -
Tend to segregate selves from other groups.
Remain Chosen People through non assimilation.
Conservative Keep it as traditional as
possible discourage assimilation but not as
strict as Orthodox could marry into if perform
correct ceremonies Reform Change things to meet
changing times Assimilation is fine all
people who believe in God are Chosen people.
Non Practicing Are Jewish by ancestry but
dont follow the religion
How might each different branch of Judaism differ
in their opinion of how you achieve your goal?
12
Who were the Hindus and what early events shaped
their culture?
HINDUISM
Who created Hinduism When was it
started Where was it started What are the
major writings of Hinduism?
13
What are the basic beliefs of the Hindus
HINDUISM
The Hindu View on Nature Hindu gods
Two elements of life, Matter and Energy
(Brahma) Universal Its everywhere, and
everything in made of the same thing Eternal
Life is a never ending cycle Monotheistic God
Brahm Life as a dream Polytheistic millions
of gods who represent manifestations of
Brahman Trimurti Brahma The Creator
Vishnu- The protector Siva The Destroyer
Identify the parts of the information above that
would motivate people towards achieving goals?
Think of your H o M goal. How would Hindus
explain that the above information could help you
in achieving your goal.
14
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15
What is the Hindu goal in life.
HINDUISM
Increasing your Atman Achieve Moksha
Atman is the amount of Brahman you have in this
life The more atman have higher life form you
are and vice versa What you are in this life is
based on your collection of atman in your last
life Goal is to gain atman but you can lose it.
The more atman you have, the more you are
capable of. When you die, body will be
reincarnated Ultimately want to be reunited with
Brahm (become everything) known as Moksha Moksha
is more about the journey then the destination
Identify the parts of the information above that
would motivate people towards achieving goals?
Think of your H o M goal. How would Hindus
explain that the above information could help you
in achieving your goal.
16
How do you gain Atman to achieve Moksha
HINDUISM
Ahimsa Karma Yoga Caste System (Varna) Jnana
Yoga Bhakti Yoga Raja Yoga
Non Violence - - Atman you take is the Atman you
will lose Do what you are supposed to do with
your life Dharma Based on your Varna Brahmins
Priest Class. Highest forms of humans,
Chetriyans Ruling/Warrior Class Viashyas Middle
Class, highly specialized jobs Sudras Working
class Untouchables Poor, homeless, jobless, Non
Hindus Meditation and prayer Honoring of certain
gods Recitation of certain Mantras (sounds)
Identify the parts of the information above that
would motivate people towards achieving goals?
Think of your H o M goal. How would Hindus
explain that the above information could help you
in achieving your goal.
17
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18
How was Buddhism founded?
BUDDHISM
Siddharta Guatama
Who was he? When Where What did he want to know
about suffering? Whow did he try to find
enlightenment? Questions?
19
BUDDHISM
What are the basic beliefs of Buddhist
Four Noble Truths 8 Fold Path The Middle
Way Chi
1. LIFE IS SUFFERING 2. SUFFERING IS CAUSED BY
DESIRE 3. THE END OF SUFFERING IS NIRVANA 4.
NIRVANA IS REACHED BY FOLLOWING THE 8 FOLD PATH
See Chart The right way to follow the 8 Fold
Path Live a life of moderation avoid
extremes Your inner energy (spirit, Atman)
gives you ability to do what you do Can be grown
and manipulated
20
HOME
THE 8 FOLD PATH
  • VIEWS
  • RESOLVES
  • SPEECH
  • CONDUCT
  • EFFORT
  • LIVELIHOOD
  • RECOLLECTION
  • MEDITATION

TO HAVE THE RIGHT
21
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22
Identify the parts of the information above that
would motivate people towards achieving goals?
Think of your H o M goal. How would
Buddhists explain that the above information
could help you in achieving your goal.
23
How have the early beliefs of Buddhism changed?
BUDDHISM
Principle belief Mahayana Theravada Zen
Who belongs
Practices
24
How do we know about Confucius beliefs?
CONFUCIANISM
What are their sacred books? Who wrote them?
When were they written?
25
What did Confucius say caused suffering?
CONFUCIANISM
The Problem with time. Ritual, Ritual,
Ritual
Problem with life was time Present not good but
the past was. People bent on speeding into the
future. Past was good and could be learned
from Need to harmonize past with future to make
present better. Use Rituals to reharmonize
past with future by doing everything the exact
same way everyday. Avoid suffering by doing same
thing same way every time.
Identify the parts of the information above that
would motivate people towards achieving goals?
Think of your H o M goal. How would
Confucianists explain that the above information
could help you in achieving your goal.
26
How did Confucius say you could end suffering?
CONFUCIANISM
The 5 Relationships
Whose responsibility it is to teach each
other the proper rituals The approved social
order that must be obeyed by strict
rules. Superiors job to guide the
inferior Inferiors job to overthrow the superior
if they dont do their job. Extremely sexist
system (but it had reasons for its time, causes
problems today though.)
Identify the parts of the information above that
would motivate people towards achieving goals?
Think of your H o M goal. How would
Confucianists explain that the above information
could help you in achieving your goal.
27
THE 5 RELATIONSHIPS
SUPERIOR INFERIOR
RULER RULED
FATHER SON OLDER BROTHER
YOUNGER BROTHER HUSBAND
WIFE FRIEND
FRIEND
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