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The Rise of Democratic Ideas

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Title: Slide 1 Author: USER Last modified by: Simon Tech Created Date: 9/14/2010 12:14:37 AM Document presentation format: On-screen Show (4:3) Company – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Rise of Democratic Ideas


1
The Rise of Democratic Ideas
  • Text Pages 2-17

2
8/15 Do Now Greece
  • What is direct democracy?
  • What is representative democracy?
  • What was debt slavery?
  • Who stopped debt slavery?

3
The World
4
Europe Today
5
8/13 Do Now
  • What was the Code of Hammurabi?
  • 2. Define civilization.
  • 3.List the four early civilizations we learned
    about?

6
Greek Democracy
  • https//www.youtube.com/watch?vvvnTx80yhIg
  • List 3 Facts about greek democracy

7
Closing
  • Define democracy. Draw a picture.

8
The Legacy of Greece Athens Limited Democracy
9
Athens
  • City States
  • Athens powerful city-state
  • Citizens Adult Males
  • Denied Citizenship Women, slaves and foreign
    residents

10
Solon
  • Solon
  • End Debt Slavery
  • Cleared Debts

11
Cleisthenes
  • Considered founder of democracy
  • Reforms
  • Council of 500

12
Cleisthenes
  • Council of 500
  • Proposed laws

13
Direct Democracy Pericles
  • Strengthen Democracy
  • More people participate
  • Direct Democracy
  • Citizens rule and make laws directly

14
Philosophy
15
Greek Philosophy
  • Philosophy Love of wisdom
  • Philosopher seeker of wisdom

16
Greek Philosophers Video
  • Include 3 details about the following
    philosophers
  • Socrates
  • Plato
  • https//www.youtube.com/watch?vGmHAdgDkcCw
  • https//www.youtube.com/watch?vJgG9Go1Pdug

17
(No Transcript)
18
The Legacy of Greece Reason
  • Universe had absolute laws
  • People can understand these laws through logic
    and reason
  • Emphasized the importance of the individual due
    to the ability to reason

19
Democracy in Action
  • As a small group you will discuss and vote on 5
    items. I will give you the pros and cons of each
    item.

20
Vote 1
  • All drugs should be legalized

21
Vote 2
  • People who help someone die should go to jail

22
Vote 3
  • Parents should decide whether or not their child
    should go to school

23
Vote 4
  • People who commit 3 major crimes should go to
    jail for life.

24
Vote 5
  • Students should get to choose whether or not they
    go to school.

25
The Legacy of Greece Reason
  • Socrates
  • Question and Answer approach to knowledge
  • Plato
  • Society should be governed by the wisest, not
    richest
  • Aristotle

26
Partnerwork Chapter 1, Section 2
  • Workbook pages 6-8
  • Answer numbers 1-7. Yes, you must draw chart.
  • You have 20 minutes

27
8/14 Closing
  • How can using the majority opinion be negative?
  • Whose opinion is more important the minority or
    majority?

28
8/14 Closing
  • How can following the majority opinion be
    negative?
  • Whose opinion is more important the minority or
    majority?
  • What are the benefits of representative
    democracy?
  • What are the benefits of direct democracy?

29
8/19 Do Now
  1. What is the difference between a direct democracy
    and representative democracy
  2. Who was Socrates and what did he contribute to
    philosophy?
  3. Who was Plato and who did he think should be
    leaders of a nation.

30
Understanding BC and AD
  • https//www.youtube.com/watch?vPZbkgWdHlz4
  • What happened sooner 500AD or 2BC?
  • 616BC or 22AD
  • 3000 BC or 2012AD

31
The Legacy of Rome A Republic
32
The Roman Republic Videos
  • What was the Roman Republic?
  • What role did social class have in the Roman
    Republic?
  • https//www.youtube.com/watch?v2nupoMDXzPE

33
  • What role did Rome have in spreading
    Christianity?
  • https//www.youtube.com/watch?vTG55ErfdaeY

34
Partner Work Rome
  • Chapter 1, Section 3
  • Complete Vocabulary. Write in own words and draw
    a picture.
  • Answer Questions 1-6
  • Pages 9-12

35
The Legacy of Rome A Republic
  • Romans rose to power as Greece was decline
  • Republic
  • 509 BC
  • Leader not a monarch
  • Certain citizens could vote

36
The Legacy of Rome A Republic Struggle for Power
  • Patricians Aristocratic landowners
  • Held most important government positions, could
    vote
  • Plebeians farmers, merchants, artisans
  • No vote, No public office

37
Laws Twelve Tables 450 BC
  • Twelve Tables
  • Publicly displayed written laws
  • Free citizens had the right to be protected under
    the law

38
The Legacy of Roman Law
  • Equal treatment under the law
  • Innocent until proven guilty
  • Burden of Proof

39
The Legacy of Rome A Republic Justinians Codes
529 to 562 AD
  • Compilation of all Roman law since Twelve Tables
  • Four works

40
Judeo-Christian Tradition The Individual
41
Religion
  • Monotheism One God
  • Examples?

42
Religion and Individualism Judaism
  • Ten Commandments Written Code of Laws
  • Focused on morality and ethics

43
Laws
  • https//www.youtube.com/watch?vl9UuQvQBCOk

44
Religion and Individualism Christianity
  • Under Roman rule around 63BC
  • Religion founded by Jesus a Jewish Roman subject
  • Christ means messiah

45
Religion and Individualism Christianity
  • Jesus followers spread his religion across the
    Roman Empire
  • Paul declares it as a universal religion

46
Comparing Judeo-Chr
47
Rome Spreads Judeo-Christian religions
  • Jewish Diaspora
  • Adopted Christianity as official religion 380

48
Spreading Ideas
49
Religion and Individualism Islam
50
Religion and Individualism Islam
  • Monotheistic religion
  • Based on the teaching of the Prophet Mohammad
  • Quran
  • Emphasized the dignity of all human beings
  • Followers called Muslims believe in Allah

51
8/19 Closing
  • What does monotheistic mean?
  • What are the major monotheistic religions

52
8/20 Do Now
  • What is monotheism?
  • What is a republic?
  • What empire did Jesus live in?

53
Legacies of Monotheistic Religions
  • Duty of the individual and the community to help
    others
  • Worth of the individual
  • Equality of people before God
  • Contributed to the basis of democratic thinking

54
Judeo Christian
  • Jewish and Christian Values, Culture and
    Traditions

55
Greco-Roman
  • Greek and Roman traditions, laws and culture

56
Democratic Influences
  • Written Laws

57
Written Laws
  • Hammurabis Code
  • Who?
  • Where?

58
Written Laws
  • Ten Commandments
  • Who?

59
Written Laws
  • Twelve Tables
  • Justinians Code
  • Who?
  • Where?

60
Islam
  • https//www.youtube.com/watch?vcsojgoZvlz8
  • Who was the Prophet Mohammad
  • What is the Quran

61
Legacy of the Renaissance
  • Rebirth of Greek and Roman thought
  • Studied classical texts
  • Printing press spread ideas
  • Led to an intellectual movement
  • Individualism
  • Challenged authority of Monarchs
  • Critical of the Church

62
Legacy of the Reformation
63
Legacy of the Reformation
  • Martin Luther criticizes Catholic Church
    practices
  • Eventually followers split and formed another
    branch of Christianity called Protestants
  • Believed people had a right to interpret The
    Bible by themselves
  • Questioned of authority

64
Democracy develops in england
  • William, Duke of Normandy invaded England
  • End of Feudalism Exchange of land for service.
    Loyalty to the King
  • Beginnings of centralized government
  • Development of democracy

65
Jury
  • People tried in feudal courts and had to survive
    some sort of ordeal
  • Henry II creates the jury
  • Royal judge visits each shire and review crimes.
    Judge would ask 12 people to explain the facts
  • Eventually legal decisions were used as
    precedence and unified under a legal system
  • Became common law which reflected customs and
    principle established over time

66
Magna carta
  • King John increased taxes to pay of war debt.
  • In 1215, Nobles forced King John to sign a
    contract between King and nobles of England
  • Limited power of monarchs
  • Idea that monarchs had no right to rule in any
    way they please

67
Magna Carta
  • Basic legal rights for the individual
  • Ex. Had to consent for taxes
  • Due process of law right to have law work in
    known orderly ways

68
Parliament
  • National legislature
  • Edward I establishes House of Lords and House of
    Commons
  • Parliament grew in strength as it voted on taxes,
    passed laws, and advised royal policies.
  • Growing power struggled with monarchs
  • Monarchs assert divine right or the claim that
    the kings power came from God.

69
Monarchy
  • James I
  • Clashed with Parliament
  • Conflict with Puritans
  • Used Star Chamber
  • Royal court of law instead of parliamentary
    courts
  • Ignored Parliaments decision to not grant money.

70
Petition of Right
  • Against theories of absolute monarchy
  • Parliament forced Charles I to sign.
  • Demanded and end to
  • Taxing without Parliament consent
  • Imprisoning citizens illegally
  • Housing troops in citizens home
  • Maintaining military government in peacetime
  • Signed to get money and later ignored
  • Dismissed Parliament and refused to convene
  • Led to English Civil War 1642
  • Signed to get money and later ignored
  • Dismissed Parliament and refused to convene
  • Led to English Civil War

71
Oliver Cromwell
  • Puritan leader of anti-royal forces in Glorious
    Revolution
  • Establishes the Commonwealth of England
  • Dissolves Parliament and creates a Protectorate
  • Become military dictator and unpopular
  • His son resigned and Parliament restored monarchy
    and continued to expand rights
  • EX. HABEUS CORPUS or ordered to have the body

72
Glorious Revolution
  • Parliament withdrew support of possible Catholic
    King and supported Protestant heirs William and
    Mary. William invaded and drove James II, the
    current Catholic King, and drove him out.
  • Parliament limited power of monarchy and began to
    control the succession of Kings.
  • Established a constitutional monarchy, powers of
    the rulers are restricted by the constitution and
    the laws of the country.

73
English Bill of Rights
  • Limited the monarchys power
  • Protected free speech in Parliament
  • Summary or rights and liberties
  • Example
  • Monarch could not suspend laws
  • Could not tax without Parliaments consent
  • Right to petition king
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