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Topic 1: Cells

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Title: Topic 1: Cells


1
(No Transcript)
2
Topic 1 Cells
3
Topic 2 Photosynthesis
4
Topic 3 Respiration
5
Topic 4 Cell division
6
Topic 5 Molecular Genetics
7
Topic 6 Evolution Classification
8
Cells
Photosynthesis
Respiration
Cell Division
Molecular Genetics
Evolution Classification
100
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200
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300
300
300
300
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300
400
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400
400
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500
500
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500
Double Jeopardy!
9
Cells
Material that plant cell walls are made of
100
10
Cells
What are cellulose fibers?
100
Back
11
Cells
The intercellular junctions found in plants and
animal cells
200
12
Cells
What are tight junctions and plasmodesmata?
200
Back
13
Cell
A cell that lacks a nucleus and other
membrane-enclosed organelles
300
14
Cells
What is a prokaryotic cell?
300
Back
15
Cells
Organelle that synthesizes lipids, metabolizes
carbohydrates and stores protein?
400
16
Cells
What is the smooth ER?
400
Back
17
Cells
The 2 main differences between plants and animal
cells
500
18
Cells
What are chloroplasts vs mitochondria cell
walls vs cell membranes?
500
Back
19
Photosynthesis
Place where photosynthesis takes place
100
20
Photosynthesis
What is the choloplast?
100
Back
21
Photosynthesis
The photosynthesis formula
200
22
Photosynthesis
What is 6CO2 12 H2O light C6H12O6 6O2
6H2O?
200
Back
23
Photosynthesis
How does a pigment go from a ground state to an
excited state?
300
24
Photosynthesis
A proton boosts one of its electrons to a higher
energy orbital
300
Back
25
Photosynthesis
A vital system in photosynthesis that is composed
of a reaction center, surrounded by light
harvesting complexes that funnel energy of
protons to the reaction center
400
26
Photosynthesis
What is a photosystem?
400
Back
27
Photosynthesis
The Calvin cycle uses electrons from _____ and
energy from ____ to synthesize G3P
500
28
Photosynthesis
What is NADP and ATP
500
Back
29
Cellular Respiration
The partial degradation of sugar that occurs
without use of oxygen
100
30
Cellular Respiration
What is fermentation?
100
Back
31
Cellular Respiration
Where cellular respiration takes place
200
32
Cellular Respiration
What is the mitochondria?
200
Back
33
Cellular Respiration
In redox reactions, the loss of electrons from 1
substance is ______ and the addition of electrons
to another substance is _____
300
34
Cellular Respiration
What are oxidation and reduction?
300
Back
35
Cellular Respiration
The process by which energy is stored in the form
of a hydrogen ion gradient across a membrane to
drive cellular work such as synthesis of ATP
400
36
Cellular Respiration
What is chemiosmosis?
400
Back
37
Cellular Respiration
Glycolosis produces __ NADH molecules and __ ATP
molocules
500
38
Cellular Respiration
What is 2 and 2
500
Back
39
Cell division
The stage of mitosis when the daughter
chromosomes pull away from eachother
100
40
Cell division
What is anaphase
100
Back
41
Cell division
A regulatory protein whose concentration
fluctuates cyclically
200
42
Cell division
What is cyclin?
200
Back
43
Cell division
A protein complex requited for a cell to progress
from late interphase to mitosis
300
44
Cell division
What is MPF?
300
Back
45
Cell division
The phase after G1
400
46
Cell division
What is S (synthesis) phase?
400
Back
47
Cell division
The difference between cell division in plant and
animal cells
500
48
Cell division
What is formation of cell plate and cleavage
furrow?
500
Back
49
Molecular genetics
An enzyme that catalyzes the elongation of new
DNA at replication fork
100
50
Molecular genetics
What is DNA polymerase?
100
Back
51
Molecular genetics
An enzyme that untwists the double helix at the
replication fork, separating the 2 parental
strands and making theme available as template
strands
200
52
Molecular genetics
What is helicase?
200
Back
53
Molecular genetics
The actual synthesis of a polypeptide, which
occurs under the direction of mRNA
300
54
Molecular genetics
What is translation?
300
Back
55
Molecular genetics
The 3 stages of translation
400
56
Molecular genetics
What are initiation, elongation and termination?
400
Back
57
Molecular genetics
This substance facilitates the export of mature
mRNA and protects mRNA from degradation by
hydrolytic enzymes
500
58
Topic 5
What is a poly-A tail?
500
Back
59
Evolution Classification
When gene flow is interrupted because a
population is divided into geographically
isolated subpopulations
100
60
Evolution Classification
What is allopatric speciation?
100
Back
61
Evolution Classification
Hierarchal classification
200
62
Evolution Classification
What is domain, kingdom, phylum, class, order,
family, genus and species?
200
Back
63
Evolution Classification
The mechanism of natural selection
300
64
Evolution Classification
What is reproduction of the fittest?
300
Back
65
Evolution Classification
A method for measuring the absolute time of
evolutionary changed based on the observation
that some genes and other regions of the genome
appear to evolve at constant rates.
400
66
Evolution Classification
What is a molecular clock?
400
Back
67
Evolution Classification
The theorem that states that the frequencies of
alleles and genotypes in a population will remain
constant if segregation and random mating are the
only process that effect the gene pool
500
68
Evolution Classification
What is the Hardy-Weinburg Theorem?
500
Back
69
Double Jeopardy!!!
70
(No Transcript)
71
Topic 7 Plant Systems
72
Topic 8 Animal Systems
73
Topic 9 Ecology
74
Topic 10 Labs
75
Topic 11 Biotechnology
76
Topic 12Things we didnt cover
77
Plant Systems
Animal Systems
Ecology
Labs
Biotech
Things we didnt cover
200
200
200
200
200
200
400
400
400
400
400
400
600
600
600
600
600
600
800
800
800
800
800
800
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
Final Jeopardy!
78
Plant systems
The tissue found in plants that includes
sugar-conducting cells arranged into tubes that
distribute sugar, amino acids and other organic
products
200
79
Plant systems
What is phloem?
200
Back
80
Plant systems
In angiosperms, the sight of pollunation
400
81
Plant systems
What is the stigma?
400
Back
82
Plant systems
A species with one cotyledon
600
83
Plant systems
What is a monocot?
600
Back
84
Plant systems
Where the antipodal cells, polar nuclei,
synergids and egg are found
800
85
Plant systems
What is the female gametophyte (embryo sac)?
800
Back
86
Plant systems
The 3 tissue systems of plants
1000
87
Plant systems
What are the dermal, vascular and ground tissues?
1000
Back
88
Animal systems
The way a mammal breaths a system in which air
is pulled into the lungs
200
89
Animal systems
What is negative pressure breathing?
200
Back
90
Animal systems
The molecule that transports carbon dioxide out
of the lungs
400
91
Animal systems
What is bicarbonate?
400
Back
92
Animal systems
Cytotoxic T cells give rise to these 2 things
600
93
Animal systems
What are memory cytotoxic T cells and active
cytotoxic T cells?
600
Back
94
Animal systems
The process by which blood pressure forces fluid
from the blood in the glomerulus into the lumen
of Bowman's capsule
800
95
Animal systems
What is filtration?
800
Back
96
Animal systems
The hormones that regulate blood calcium levels
1000
97
Animal systems
What is PTH and calcitonin?
1000
Back
98
Ecology
This biome accounts for the largest part of the
biosphere in terms of area
200
99
Ecology
What are aquatic biomes?
200
Back
100
Ecology
The modification of behavior based on specific
experiences
400
101
Ecology
What is learning?
400
Back
102
Ecology
Survivorship curve in which the majority of
newborns die, but the survivors likely live to
maximum lifespan
600
103
Ecology
What is type 3 survivorship?
600
Back
104
Ecology
The model that proposes a unidirectional
influence from lower to higher trophic level, in
which nutrients and other abiotic factors are the
main determinates of community structure
800
105
Ecology
What is bottom-up processing?
800
Back
106
Ecology
An example of this is the Cuckoo bee and the
Yellow jacket
1000
107
Ecology
What is Mullerian mimicry?
1000
Back
108
Labs
The net movement of molecules down their
concentration gradient
200
109
Labs
What is diffusion?
200
Back
110
Labs
The molecule that an enzyme acts on
400
111
Labs
What is a substrate?
400
Back
112
Labs
In this process, after the plasmids are kept on
ice the next step is adding CaCl2 then adding the
ampR gene
600
113
Labs
What is transformation?
600
Back
114
Labs
The pressure in an artery during time of
ventricle contraction and pressure during time
when ventricles are relaxed
800
115
Labs
Systolic pressure and diastolic pressure
800
Back
116
Labs
The reducing agent in the catalyzation reaction
with peroxidase. It changes color when oxidized
by H2O2
1000
117
Labs
What is guaiacol?
1000
Back
118
Biotechnology
The enzyme used to make recombinant DNA
200
119
Biotechnology
What are restriction enzymes?
200
Back
120
Biotechnology
The technique that uses a gel as a molecular
sieve to separate nucleic acids or proteins on
the basis of size, electrical charge and other
physical properties
400
121
Biotechnology
What is gel electrophoresis?
400
Back
122
Biotechnology
The process in which DNA of a gene is detected by
its ability to base-pair with a complementary
sequence on another nucleic acid molecule
600
123
Biotechnology
What is nucleic acid hybridization?
600
Back
124
Biotechnology
In this reaction, each cycle is heated to
denature and cooled to allow annealing
800
125
Biotechnology
What is PCR?
800
Back
126
Biotechnology
GCAG and GACG
1000
127
Biotechnology
What is a cutting site for a restriction enzyme?
1000
Back
128
Things we didnt cover
Able to give rise to multiple but not all cell
types
200
129
Things we didnt cover
What is pluripotent?
200
Back
130
Things we didnt cover
The development of spatial organization in which
the tissues and organs of an organism are all in
their characteristic places
400
131
Things we didnt cover
What is patter formation?
400
Back
132
Things we didnt cover
The genes of the embryo whose products direct
formation of segments after the embryos major
body axes are defined
600
133
Things we didnt cover
What are segmentation genes?
600
Back
134
Things we didnt cover
In the retina, where rods and cones make synapses
with neurons
800
135
Things we didnt cover
What are bipolar cells?
800
Back
136
Things we didnt cover
Pathway of sound
1000
137
Things we didnt cover
What is pinna to auditory canal to tympanic
membrane to malleus to inus to stapes to ocal
window to cochlea to auditory nerve to brain?
1000
Back
138
Final Jeopardy!!!
139
(No Transcript)
140
Final Jeopardy!!!
The phases of eukaryotic cell division
141
Final Jeopardy!!!
What are interphase, prophase, metaphase,
anaphase, telophase and cytokinesis?
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