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C3 Skills Check-Comparatives and Superlatives

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Title: Modifiers: The good, the Bad, and the Dangling Author: Katie Last modified by: Rutherford County Schools Created Date: 10/18/2007 10:12:45 PM – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: C3 Skills Check-Comparatives and Superlatives


1
C3 Skills Check-Comparatives and Superlatives
  • Please weigh both packages to see which of them
    is______(heavy).
  • More heavy
  • Heavier
  • Heaviest
  • Most heavy
  • A jet taking off can sound _______(noisy) than a
    jackhammer.
  • More noisy
  • Most noisy
  • Noisiest
  • Noisier
  • The_____ (shiny) of those two coins looked newer.
  • Shinier
  • Shiniest
  • More shinier
  • Most shiniest
  • 4. That coin turned out to be the ______(old) of
    the two, however.
  • Oldest
  • More old
  • Most oldest
  • Older
  • 5. Of the four boys, Luis worked at the task most
    cheerfully.
  • How would you correct the underlined portion?
  • Most cheerfullest
  • More cheerfully
  • Cheerfullest
  • Correct as is

2
C3-Skills Check Misplaced/Dangling Modifiers
  • Which sentence below is the correct way to write
    the following sentence?
  • As you can see in the painting, a gigantic
    violinist sits among the buildings of small
    village. (with a green face and hand)
  • As you can see in the painting, a gigantic
    violinist with a green face and hand sits among
    the buildings of small village.
  • As you can see in the painting, a gigantic
    violinist sits among the buildings with a green
    face and hand of small village.
  • As you can see in the painting, a gigantic
    violinist sits among the buildings of small
    village with a green face and hand.
  • With a green face and hand, as you can see in
    the painting, a gigantic violinist sits among the
    buildings of small village.

3
C3-Skills Check Misplaced/Dangling Modifiers
  • 2. Which sentence has the modifier in the correct
    place?
  • Josie and Fred passed the playground walking
    through the park.
  • Josie and Fred walking through the park, passed
    the playground.
  • Walking through the park, Josie and Fred passed
    the playground.
  • Josie and Fred passed through the park in the
    playground.

4
C3-Skills Check Misplaced/Dangling Modifiers
  • 3.Which sentence has the correct placement of a
    modifier?
  • The horse likes to watch people munching on
    grass.
  • The horse likes munching on grass to watch
    people.
  • The horse munching on grass likes to watch
    people.
  • The horse likes to munching on grass watch people.

5
C3-Skills Check Misplaced/Dangling Modifiers
  • 4. The sentence blow has a dangling modifier.
  • Selling the old farm, sadness welled up inside.
  • Which of the choices correctly fixes the
    problem?
  • Selling the old far, sadness welled up inside of
    them.
  • Sadness welled up inside selling the old farm.
  • While selling the old farm, sadness welled up
    inside.
  • Selling the old farm, she felt sadness well up
    inside.

6
C3-Skills Check Comparative/Superlative
  • 5. My stepsister plays both soccer and softball,
    but she likes soccer_____(good).
  • Gooder
  • Better
  • Goodest
  • Best

7
The Use and Misuse of Modifier Magic
8
What is a Modifier?
  • A word or groups of words that describes, limits,
    or qualifies the meaning of another word of
    phrase.
  • Modifiers can be a word, a phrase, or a clause.
  • For example
  • The silver fish (word)
  • The fish in the pond (phrase)
  • The fish that he caught (clause)
  • A sentence example
  • The little boy standing by the concession stand
    reminds me of my brother.

What are the modifiers?
9
Can you imagine a world without modifiers?
Click the doors to enter the Grammar Graveyard!
10
Click on Each Grave to See Who is Buried There!
11
A world without modifiers is a deathly boring
world. Modifiers bring your sentences to life.
  • He gave her the rose.
  • He gave her the scarlet red rose he picked from
    the sweet-smelling garden.
  • I sat by the ocean.
  • I sat by the crystal blue ocean as the roaring
    and foamy waves crashed into the beach.
  • She watched the sunset.
  • She watched the blood red sun quickly sink below
    the horizon.

12
The Purpose of Modifiers
  • To add detail to sentences.
  • To make sentences more interesting.
  • To create clearer communication when correctly
    used.

Modifiers can work magic by bringing your writing
to life.
13
Like all magical powers, modifiers can be used
for good or evil.
  • When used incorrectly modifiers can cause
    problems such as
  • Misplaced modifiers
  • Dangling modifiers
  • These modifier problems can result in sentences
    that are awkward, misleading, or unintentionally
    humorous.

14
Misplaced Modifiers
  • Misplaced modifiers are modifiers that are not
    put in the right place in a sentence. They can
    describe the wrong word and change the intended
    meaning of the sentence.
  • For Example
  • Covered in mud, Mark wiped off the trembling
    puppy.
  • Mark wiped off the trembling puppy covered in mud.

15
To avoid misplaced modifiers, make sure to place
the modifier as close to the item it modifies as
possible.
  • For example
  • Smelling sour, Tamara threw away the milk.

Put that arm down Tamara..whoa, seriously.
Was it Tamara that smelled sour?
Tamara is not smelling sour, the milk is.
Smelling sour is the modifier and milk is the
item being modified.
16
.So to correct the sentence, we need to bring
the modifier (sour smelling) and the noun being
modified (milk) closer together. Theyre
sometimes shy and need a little help..
Now we have successfully brought together the
modifier and the word that is modified. The
original sentence read Sour smelling, Tamara
threw out the milk. The corrected sentence
should read Tamara threw out the sour smelling
milk.
Milk, Im tired of being apart. I want to be
closer to you.
Before
After
Milk, I just think we need to spend some time
apart. Its not you, its me.
I agree Sour Smelling, our long distance
relationship wasnt working.
17
Another example
  • Shooting lasers out of his eyes, the mad
    scientist was no match for the robot.
  • Corrected
  • The doctor was no match for the robot shooting
    lasers out of his eyes.

Was the scientist shooting lasers out of his eyes?
18
Another Example
  • Hidden in a fortune cookie, Sue found the
    engagement ring.
  • Sue found the engagement ring hidden in a fortune
    cookie.

What was Sue doing in the cookie?
How can we correct this sentence and free Sue
from the cookie?
19
Misplaced groups of words do not cause the only
problems..
Single words can also cause trouble.
The cheese stands alone.and he is one stinky
cheese.
20
Behold all the possibilities that the varying
placement of only one word can create.
  • What do each of these sentences say
  • Only gerbils like to run in wheels.
  • Gerbils are the only animals that like to run in
    wheels.
  • Gerbils only like to run in wheels.
  • Gerbils wont run in other places besides the
    wheel.
  • Gerbils like only to run in wheels.
  • Running in wheels is the only activity that gives
    gerbils pleasure.

21
For Example
  • Jamie almost decided that 20 was too much to pay
    for a ticket.
  • Jamie decided that almost 20 was too much to pay
    for a ticket.
  • What is going on here? Did Jamie almost decide
    not to buy the ticket, or did she think that a
    price close to 20 was too expensive? The
    placement of the word almost matters.

22
For Example
  • Sam followed the recipe, but the cake still came
    out exactly flat.
  • Did the cake come out exactly flat?
  • Corrected
  • Sam followed the recipe exactly, but the cake
    still came out flat.

23
Misplacing modifiers are not the only way one can
abuse the magic of modifiers.
  • Another modifier problem is called the dangling
    modifier.

Dangling modifiers are dangerous to the health of
your sentences.
24
The Dangling Modifier
  • When a modifier describes a word that does not
    appear in the sentence, we say the modifier is
    dangling.
  • The reader will probably try to attach it to a
    word in the sentence, but the result may prove
    confusing.

25
How do dangling modifiers occur? Lets take a
look
  • Here is a correct sentence that uses a modifier
  • Falling asleep, Trisha steered the car into the
    trees.
  • Then the modifier would be left dangling, and we
    would get a sentence that looked like this...

There is a clear connection between the modifier
and the item modified.
But what if that connection was severed?
26
What is wrong with this sentence?
  • Falling asleep, the car steered into the bushes.

Can a car fall asleep? No. But this sentence
seems to say that because the word the modifier
was meant to modify (Trisha) has been cut from
the sentence. This leaves Falling asleep
dangling.
27
What is wrong with this sentence?
  • While waiting for the bus, the sky turned
    threatening.

Who is waiting for the bus? It is not clear.
The modifier while waiting for the bus is
dangling. Because there is no subject, it seems
as though the sky is waiting for the bus.
Oh man! The bus left me again. If I ever meet
that driver in a dark alley, IllIllrain all
over his head!
28
How can we correct this sentence?
  • While waiting for the bus, the sky turned
    threatening.
  • When correcting a dangling modifier you have 2
    options
  • 1. You can insert a subject near the start of the
    sentence.
  • 2. You can insert a subject after the comma.
  • For this example, 1 works best
  • While we waited for the bus, the sky turned
    threatening.

29
Another Example
  • After running the marathon, exhaustion overcame
    me.

What does the modifier after running the
marathon modify? That word is missing from the
sentence.
Oh no!! I was just overcome by Exhaustion!!
It seems like exhaustion is running the
marathon.
Im wining, Im winning! Exhaustion will never
catch me!
The end is in sight, I must keep going!!
30
How can we correct the sentence?
  • After running the marathon, exhaustion overcame
    me.
  • Remember, you have 2 options
  • Insert a subject at the beginning of the
    sentence, or
  • Insert a subject after the comma
  • Option 1
  • After I ran the marathon, exhaustion overcame me.
  • Option 2
  • After running the marathon, I was overcome by
    exhaustion.

OR
31
One More Example
  • While kneading the dough, the oven warmed up.
  • Correction
  • While Norma kneaded the dough, the oven warmed
    up.

Who is kneading the dough? There is no subject to
perform that action. Therefore it sounds like the
oven is kneading the dough.
We know that the oven is not kneading the dough.
So how could we correct this sentence?
32
Caution to Writers
  • Spotting dangling modifiers in your own writing
    may prove difficult.
  • Your brain automatically supplies the missing
    information.
  • So as you edit your paper, think of your reader.
    You may know what you mean, but he or she might
    be confused.

33
Now that you have learned to harness the magic of
modifiers for good, it is time to practice your
skills!
Lets begin by correcting misplaced modifiers.
Remember to bring the modifier and the item
modified closer together!
34
How could we correct this misplaced modifier?
  • The woman was feeding the cat in blue pumps.
  • What is the modifier?
  • in blue pumps
  • Who is wearing the pumps?
  • The woman
  • Move the modifier (in blue pumps) closer to the
    item it modifies (woman).
  • Corrected
  • The woman in blue pumps was feeding the cat.

35
How could we correct these misplaced modifiers?
  • Beating his chest, Stewart watched the gorilla go
    berserk.
  • Corrected
  • Stewart watched the gorilla beating his chest go
    berserk.
  • Jane came close to winning the race. She almost
    sprinted at the finish and beat her competitor.
  • Corrected
  • She sprinted at the finish and almost beat her
    competitor.

36
Now lets review dangling modifiers!
Remember that dangling modifiers are dangling
because the sentence is lacking a word for them
to modify. You must correct the sentence by
supplying the missing information.
37
How could we correct this dangling modifier?
  • Having finished the main course, dessert was
    eaten.
  • What is the modifier?
  • Having finished the main course
  • What does it modify?
  • The sentence is missing a word for it to modify.
  • Having finished the main course is an action
  • But there is no doer of that action.
  • We need to insert a subject to perform the action
  • Correction
  • Having finished the main course, the family ate
    dessert.

38
How could we correct these dangling modifiers?
  • After visiting the processing plant, meat will
    never seem the same again.
  • Did the meat visit the processing plant?
  • Corrected
  • After visiting the processing plant, Ill never
    see meat the same again.
  • The fundraiser was a success, having run 100 laps
    for 10,000.
  • The fundraiser did not run laps.
  • Corrected
  • The volunteers made the fundraiser a success,
    having run 100 laps for 10,000.

39
Go forth and use the magic of modifiers to
improve your writing!
I foresee grammatically-correct, vibrant, and
well constructed sentences in your future.
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