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Renaissance

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Renaissance Period of rebirth in Europe that originated in Italy and eventually spread to Northern kingdoms. The years from 1330 to 1530 were marked by humanism and ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Renaissance


1
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2
Renaissance
  • Period of rebirth in Europe that originated in
    Italy and eventually spread to Northern kingdoms.
    The years from 1330 to 1530 were marked by
    humanism and secularism.

Pg 338
3
Humanism
Pg 349
  • Revival of the classics
  • Use of old Latin and learning
  • Aristotle, Ptolemy, Galen, et cetera
  • Types of Humanism
  • Humanism, Civic Humanism, Northern/Christian
    Humanism

4
Key Humanists
  • Italian
  • Petrarch (pg 349)
  • Bruni (pg 351)
  • Valla (pg 352)
  • Facino (pg 352)
  • Mirandola (pg 352)
  • Machiavelli (pg 348)
  • Northern
  • Erasmus (pg 374)
  • More (pg 375)

5
Secularism
Pg 349
  • Secularism
  • How beautiful is youth
  • How fast it flies away
  • Youths and maids-enjoy today
  • Of tomorrow, nothing is certain
  • Lorenzo de Medici

6
I. Renaissance General
  • Renaissance
  • Cultural Rebirth
  • Classical texts rediscovered and emulated
    (Humanism)
  • Began in Italy
  • Northern Renaissance followed

7
  • B. High Renaissance in Italy
  • 1450-1530
  • Rome was center of artistic innovation
  • Popes commissioned paintings,
  • sculptures,
  • and architecture

8
  • C. End of Renaissance in Italy
  • Internal political turmoil in Italian city-states
    (pg 344-346)
  • Italy ravaged by foreign invaders beginning in
    1494 (pg 346-347)
  • French then Spanish domination
  • By 1530, city-states unable to support artistic
    glories

9
  • Also
  • Exploration and colonization Began
  • Ended Mediterraneans role of European prosperity
  • Spain emerged as the most powerful

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  • D. Northern Renaissance
  • Artistic, humanist, and secular renaissance
    attributes spread North to France, Spain, and
    England
  • Elizabethan Age (1558-1603) in England marked the
    end of the Northern Renaissance

12
II. Renaissance Economic
  • Black Death
  • Hanseatic League (pg 339)
  • Italian Recovery
  • Location Mediterranean Sea
  • Helped
  • Turks a problem

13
  • Industries
  • Wool
  • Trade in luxuries silk, glassware, gems
  • Printing, metallurgy, mining
  • Florence Center of Ren. until late 1400s (pg
    345)
  • Wool Trade
  • Medici Bankers
  • Medici declined in late 1400s
  • Rome will take Florences place as leader

14
  1. Internal warfare and outside involvement in late
    1400s led to decline of wealth and opportunity
  2. Opening of the Atlantic in the late 1400s and
    early 1500s reduced Mediterranean Sea as center
    of the economic trade world
  3. Economic drain meant artistic glories could no
    longer be supported

15
III. Renaissance Social
  • Social Classes (pg 341)
  • Fundamental Structure (France)
  • 1st Estate (Clergy)
  • 2nd Estate (Nobility)
  • 3rd Estate (Commoner)
  • Italy experienced some adaptations

16
  • Popolo Grasso
  • The Fat People
  • Mediocri
  • The Middling Sort
  • Popolo Minuto
  • The Little People

17
  • Ritualized Etiquette
  • Distinguished the diverse levels of society
  • iIllustrissima
  • Nothing in the world pleases me more than your
    commands

18
  • Characteristics of Nobility changed
  • Education important
  • Certain skills and qualities expected
  • The Courtier by Castiglione
  • Virtú
  • Social Mobility among 3rd Estate
  • Money economy allowed some social movement (guild
    hierarchy)
  • Serfs largely free in West Europe/Italy
  • Patricians (capitalistic enterprises)
    consolidate wealth

19
  • Slavery (pg 342)
  • Serfs freed want free labor
  • Ethnicity of slaves varied
  • Practice grew unpopular in time
  • Dark-skinned Africans were a curiosity, so many
    were kept as slaves well after humanitarian
    movements outlawed the practice

20
  • Renaissance family and the role of Women (pg
    342-344)
  • Women did not enjoy a Renaissance
  • Arranged marriages for economic and political
    gain meant men sought pleasure outside the home
  • Prostitution/courtesans a necessary vice
  • Women regulated to home-life and prayer
  • On Family by Alberti

21
  • Exception to the Rule
  • Some women managed to find power/influence
  • (pg 346)
  • Battista Sforza
  • Isabella dEste
  • (probably the most famous)
  • To some degree, high dollar courtesans may be
    somewhat educated

22
IV. Renaissance Politics
(Pgs 344-348)
  1. Constitutional Oligarchies
  2. Hereditary Despots
  3. Special Committees
  4. Military Ethos
  5. Papal States

23
Van Eyck
24
Van Eyck
Mystic Adoration of the Lamb Ghent Altar Piece
25
Botticelli Birth of Venus
26
Van Eyck
Arnolfini Wedding
27
Michelangelos David
28
Bottecelli
29
Leonardo daVinci
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