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WHITE MEN'S

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Title: CHAPTER 10 THE TRIUMPH OF WHITE MEN'S DEMOCRACY Author: CMU Last modified by: 193887 Created Date: 6/29/1998 8:07:00 PM Document presentation format – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: WHITE MEN'S


1
WHITE MEN'S DEMOCRACY
  • 1

2
Democracy in Theory and Practice
  • Fear that democracy would lead to anarchy wanes
    in the 1820s and 1830s
  • Equality of opportunity stressed

3
Democracy and Society
  • Expectations of equality despite economic
    inequality
  • No distinctive domestic servant class
  • No class distinctions in dress
  • White male equality before the law radical, by
    European standards
  • The press is the source of information and opinion

4
Universal Manhood Suffrage
  • White adult males gain right to vote without
    property qualification
  • Appointive offices made elective
  • Professional politicians emerged
  • Political machines develop at state level

5
Democratic Political Institutions National
Parties (1/2)
  • Parties serve special economic interests
  • Whigs support a "positive liberal state,"
    community
  • Democrats support "negative liberal state,"
    individual

6
Democratic Political Institutions National
Parties (2/2)
  • Neither party seeks to extend rights beyond adult
    white male constituency
  • Radical third parties argue the cause of African
    Americans, women, working people

7
Economic Issues
  • Interest in government economic policy
    intensified after 1819
  • Some wanted to do away with banks, paper money,
    and easy credit
  • Others wanted more government aid

8
Labor Radicalism and Equal Rights
  • Trade unions emerged in the 1820s 1830s
  • They advocated public education reform, a
    ten-hour workday, an end to debtors prison, and
    hard currency
  • The womens rights movement and abolitionists
    made little progress

9
The Emergence of the Whigs
  • Whig party, a coalition of two forces
  • opponents of Jackson
  • Anti-Masonic party
  • Whigs defend activist government in

10
The Rise of Van Buren (1/2)
  • Martin Van Buren succeeds Jackson in 1836
  • Term begins with Panic of 1837, blamed on Van
    Buren
  • Laissez-faire philosophy prevents Van Buren from
    aiding economic distress

11
The Fall of Van Buren (2/2)
  • Whigs fully organized by 1840
  • Whig candidate William Henry Harrison
  • image built as a common man who had been born in
    a log cabin
  • running mate John Tyler chosen to attract votes
    from states-rights Democrats
  • Harrison and Tyler defeated Van Buren

12
(No Transcript)
13
Heyday of the Second Party System
  • Election of 1840 marks rise of permanent
    two-party system in the U.S.
  • Whigs and Democrats evenly divide the electorate
  • Parties share a broad democratic ideology
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