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The English Renaissance: Celebrating Humanity

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The English Renaissance: Celebrating Humanity 1485-1625 Life in Elizabethan and Jacobean England London expanded greatly as a city People moved in from rural areas ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The English Renaissance: Celebrating Humanity


1
The English RenaissanceCelebrating Humanity
  • 1485-1625

2
Life in Elizabethan and Jacobean England
London expanded greatly as a city
People moved in from rural areas and from other
European countries
Busy and crowded lots of commerce, craftsmen
Strict class system
Not a clean or safe cityThe Thames was a
beautiful sewer (224) and disease and criminals
ran rampant
Grew into substantial port and admired European
city
Southwark suburb known for its vice
theaters, gaming, prostitution, etc.
3
(No Transcript)
4
Renaissance rebirth
  • Rebirth of
  • interest in learning, especially that of ancient
    Greece and Rome
  • civilization in general
  • arts and sciences

Reaction to Dark Ages of medieval Europe
5
Historically speaking
UK represent!
Exploration by sea John Cabot, 1497
Religious rifts
New sense of nationalism prompted many to
question ethics in and teachings of Church
Questioning of Papal authority and Scripture
Erasmus (Dutch) version of New Testament Thomas
More Utopia
Protestant Reformation sparked by Martin Luthers
95 theses
6
The Monarchy strengthening themselves and the
nation
Henry VII
  • Catholic
  • Restorer of national economy and prestige of
  • monarchy

Henry VIII
  • Catholic, at first
  • Supports Pope against religious dissenters
    (Defender of
  • the Faith)
  • But
  • Churchs refusal to annul his marriage leads him
    to break from Catholic faith
  • Dissolves Church ownership of property,
    monasteries
  • Has Thomas More executed for refusing to renounce
    Catholic faith
  • Marries 6 times
  • Fathers Elizabeth and Mary has a son, Edward,
    with his 3rd wife, Jane Seymour

7
More bangin Tudor action
Edward, Henry VIIIs son, rules from the ages of
9-15 (whatever thats like a 7th grader ruling
your country)
  • Parliament drastically changes religious
    practices
  • English replaces Latin
  • Book of Common Prayer required in public worship

England is on its way to becoming a Protestant
nation until
Were back, baby!
Mary I takes throne
  • Restores Roman practices to Church of England
  • Restores authority of Pope over English Church
  • Known as Bloody Mary for ordering execution of
    about 300 Protestants

And I could use a drink. Make it ahmm
Mary rules for 5 years, and then
8
Cate Blanchett Elizabeth I takes the throne!
  • Classically educated patron of the arts
  • Reinstated monarchs rule over Church of England,
    ending religious turmoil
  • Established climate of religious compromise
  • Known as one of the best rulers in English
    history
  • Spoiler alert! Dies in 1603

Hey, I wonder if thats where they got the name
for the Elizabethan period
Elizabeth arrgh
The Mary Stuart problem
  • Catholics considered Mary Stuart, Queen of
    Scotland, rightful heir to throne of England
    (marriage annulment issues)
  • Imprisoned by cousin, Elizabeth, for 18 years
  • Hatched numerous Catholic plots against her
  • Elizabeth let her live, punished Catholics
  • Parliament insisted on beheading Mary in 1587

I rule! (literally and figuratively)
9
Life after Elizabeththe Stuarts
James I (well, James VI of Scotland, but James I
of England)
  • Son of Mary Stuart
  • Named by Elizabeth as her successor
  • Protestant
  • Jacobean era (from Latin for James)
  • Expanded Englands position as world power
    (colony in VA)
  • Believed in divine right of monarchs
  • Power struggles with Parliament
  • Persecuted Puritans (who migrated to Plymouth
    Colony)

Hey, I wonder if thats where they got the name
for Jamestown
Smell you later, Jimmy!
I may have divine right, but this outfit is just
wrong
10
Finally, the good stuff
Renaissance Poetry
Lyric over narrative poetry
Psst! Lyric poem a short poem with one speaker
(not necessarily the poet) who expresses thought
and feeling.
Sonnets! Yeah!
  • Sonnet cycle A series of sonnets, usually fit
    loosely together to form a story
  • Heavy hitters Philip Sidney, Edmund Spenser,
    Shakespeare
  • Two major rhyme schemes Petrarchan/Italian and
    Shakespearean
  • Shakespearean rhyme scheme abab, cdcd, efef, gg

Psst! Sonnet 14 lines, iambic pentameter,
various rhyme schemes. Word!
Many sonnets consist of 8 lines setting up one
idea, 4 lines responding to that idea, and a
concluding couplet at the end. Rock and roll!
11
Pastoral poetry
  • Idealized rustic simplicity of rural life
  • Heavy hitters Christopher Marlowe and Sir Walter
    Raleigh

Im a poet, soldier, explorer, historian and
member of the Royal Court. Phew! Its tiring
being a true Renaissance man!
Hey, I wonder if thats where they got the name
for Raleigh, NC
12
Renaissance Drama
Turned away from religious focus and toward
classical Greek and Roman tragedies and dramas
Christopher Marlowe First major dramatist
(1580s)
Shakespeare (1564-1616)
  • Started as actor
  • Famous playwright by 1592
  • 37 Plays most can be categorized as tragedy,
    comedy, or history
  • Deep understanding of what it means to be human
    helps maintain popularity

People say that if Id lived past 30 I might have
eclipsed Shakespeare as Englands greatest
playwright! Dang!
And I might have gotten credit for stuff you
wrote! Too bad, suckah!
13
Renaissance Prose
Which is the more satisfying bacon pioneering
English author or tasty breakfast meat?
Not as popular as poetry
Heavy hitters
Sidney, Raleigh and Thomas Nashe
Sir Francis Bacon essays, science, philosophy
King James Bible
  • Translated Latin Bible into English
  • Huge achievementprobably most important in
    English Renaissance
  • 54 scholars worked 7 years!
  • Influential, used to this day

14
Important Dates
  • 1485 Thomas More publishes Utopia
  • 1534 Church of England established
  • 1535 Thomas More executed
  • 1549 The Book of Common Prayer issued
  • 1558 Elizabeth I becomes Queen
  • 1563 20,000 Londoners die in Plague
  • 1564 Shakespeare is born!

15
Important Dates (Cont.)
  • 1594 Shakespeare writes Romeo and Juliet
  • 1599 The Globe Theater opens
  • 1603 Queen Elizabeth I dies James I becomes
    King of England.
  • 1606 Guy Fawkes executed for Gunpowder Plot
  • 1607 Royal Colony of Jamestown established
  • 1611 King James Bible published
  • 1620 Pilgrims land on Plymouth Rock
  • 1625 King James I dies.
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