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Describe Western Europe after the collapse of the western Roman Empire.

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Objectives Describe Western Europe after the collapse of the western Roman Empire. Describe how Germanic tribes carved Europe into small kingdoms. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Describe Western Europe after the collapse of the western Roman Empire.


1
Objectives
  • Describe Western Europe after the collapse of
    the western Roman Empire.
  • Describe how Germanic tribes carved Europeinto
    small kingdoms.
  • Explain how Charlemagne briefly reunited much of
    Western Europe and what happened to his empire
    after his death.

2
Terms and People
  • Clovis a warrior king of the Franks who
    established a kingdom in Western Europe after the
    fall of the Roman empire
  • medieval the culture of the Middle Ages
  • Franks a Germanic tribe that conquered
    present-day France and neighboring lands in the
    400s
  • Charles Martel a Frankish leader who rallied
    warriors to push Muslims out of France
  • battle of Tours a battle in which Christians
    stopped the Muslim advance into Western Europe

3
Terms and People (continued)
  • Charlemagne the grandson of Charles Martel he
    briefly united Western Europe when he built an
    empire stretching across France and Germany
  • Magyars nomadic people who overran Eastern
    Europe and parts of Western Europe after A.D. 900
  • Vikings farmers and expert sailors from
    Scandinavia who raided European river towns
    starting in the late 700s

4
How did Germanic tribes divide Western Europe
into small kingdoms?
When the unifying force of the Roman empire
disappeared from Western Europe, Germanic
kingdoms replaced it. Greco-Roman, Germanic, and
Christian traditions blended during the Middle
Ages.
5
The period between ancient times and modern times
during A.D. 5001500 was called the Middle Ages.
After winning a battle in 496, King Clovis
established a Christian kingdom in Western
Europe. It was one of many kingdoms that
developed when Roman authority collapsed.
6
  1. The unifying force of the Roman empire was gone.

Europe declined during the early Middle Ages, for
several reasons.
2. The region was invaded repeatedly.
3. Trade and classical learning decreased.
7
Many Germanic tribes conquered parts of the Roman
empire.
After converting to Christianity, Clovis earned
the support of his subjects in Gaul and the pope
in Rome.
8
Muslim armies overran Christian lands and crossed
into France. Charles Martel led Frankish warriors
in the battle of Tours to push them back.
9
Charlemagne, Martels grandson, briefly united
Western Europe.
  • He fought Muslims, aided the pope in Rome, and
    was crowned Emperor of the Romans.
  • Charlemagne was a skilled leader who revived
    Latin learning and brought scholars to his court.

10
When Pope Leo crowned Charlemagne Emperor of the
Romans, the idea of a united Christian empire
was revived.
11
After Charlemagne died, his empire was split up.
His heirs faced waves of invasions.
12
  • They went on to plunder parts of Western Europe.
  • After 50 years, the Magyars were pushed back to
    Hungary.

Invaders included the nomadic people called the
Magyars, who overran Eastern Europe around 900.
13
  • These Scandinavian people were expert sailors.
  • They opened trade routes linking northern Europe
    to the Mediterranean.

Charlemagnes empire broke apart even more when
the Vikings began attacking European coastal and
river towns.
14
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