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Module 27: Introduction to Psychological Disorders

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Module 27: Introduction to Psychological Disorders Chapter 12: Psychological Disorders – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Module 27: Introduction to Psychological Disorders


1
Module 27Introduction to Psychological
Disorders
  • Chapter 12
  • Psychological Disorders

2
What do you think?
  • Page 518
  • Do you think that these are disorders or just
    abnormal?

3
Defining Disorder
  • Psychological Disorder
  • A harmful dysfunction in which behaviors are
    maladaptive, unjustifiable, disturbing, and
    atypical

4
MUDA
  • A mnemonic device used to remember the four
    attributes of a psychological disorder
  • Maladaptive
  • Unjustifiable
  • Disturbing
  • Atypical

5
Maladaptive Unjustifiable
  • An exaggeration of normal, acceptable behaviors
  • Destructive to oneself or others
  • Disturbing
  • A behavior which is troublesome to other people
  • A behavior which does not have a rational basis
  • Atypical
  • A behavior so different from other peoples
    behavior that it violates a norm
  • Norms vary from culture to culture

6
Understanding Disorders
  • Module 27 Introduction to Psychological
    Disorders

7
Early Views of Mental Illness
  • In ancient times, mental illness was usually
    explained through a supernatural model the
    person was possessed or a sinner
  • During the Middle Ages treatment methods were
    inhumane and cruel
  • Enter P. Pinel

8
Philippe Pinel (1745-1826)
  • French physician who worked to reform the
    treatment of people with mental disorders
  • Encouraged more humane treatment
  • No more electro-shock therapy or torture

9
Understanding Disorders1. The Medical Model
  • Module 27 Introduction to Psychological
    Disorders

10
The Medical Model
  • Diseases have physical causes that can be
    diagnosed, treated, and in most cases, cured.
  • Psychological disorders can be diagnosed based on
    their symptoms and treated or cured through
    therapy.
  • Psychological disorders are similar to a physical
    illness.

11
Understanding Disorders2. The
Bio-Psycho-Social Model
  • Module 27 Introduction to Psychological
    Disorders

12
Bio-Psycho-Social Model
  • Perspective of mental illness which assumes that
    biological, psychological, and socio-cultural
    factors combine and interact to produce
    psychological disorders

13
Bio-Psycho-Social Perspective
14
Classifying Disorders
  • Module 27 Introduction to Psychological
    Disorders

15
Classifying Disorders DSM-IV-TR
  • Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental
    Disorders Fourth Edition
  • The text of the DSM-IV was recently revised,
    hence TR at the end
  • Published by the American Psychiatric Association
  • Lists and describes all the currently accepted
    categories of mental disorders

16
DSM-IV-TR
  • Divides mental disorders into 17 major categories
  • Includes the symptoms but not the causes of each
    disease
  • Has changed significantly since the first edition

17
Labeling Disorders
  • Module 27 Introduction to Psychological
    Disorders

18
Labeling Stigmas
  • Studies show a clear bias against people
    diagnosed with mental disorders.
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