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Spoken Vs Written Language

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Spoken Vs Written Language Introduction Languages are first spoken, then written, and then an understanding Aspects of written and spoken language Written ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Spoken Vs Written Language


1
Spoken Vs Written Language
2
Introduction
Languages are first spoken, then written, and
then an understanding
3
Aspects of written and spoken language
Written
Spoken
unplanned
planned
organized
less structured
interactive
transactional
4
Characteristics of Spoken Language
  • Repeating
  • first draft status
  • vocabulary
  • grammar
  • intonation
  • Variation in speed
  • Loudness or quietness
  • Gestures - body language
  • Intonation
  • Stress
  • Rhythm
  • Pausing and phrasing

5
Characteristics of  Written Language
  • final draft status
  • density of content
  • grammar
  • neutrality of social roles
  • punctuation

6
Unique Written Vocabulary
7
Which comes first speech or writing?
  • Speech comes before writing historically.
  • Many languages lack a written form.
  • Many individuals cannot use written language.
  • Children automatically learn to speak,
  • but have to be taught how to read and write.

8
  • Is written language superior to speech ?!
  • English language has two main features

9
  • Similarities Between Spoken and Written Language.

10
THE Differences between written spoken
11
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12
1-Formality
  • Examples
  • A written note might say,
  • "Would you like to go out to lunch?
  • The person who would write that note, might
    alternatively say, in person,
  • "You wanna go out for lunch? "

13
2-Grammatically
  • more verb based phrases(e.g. having treatment
    (W), being treated (S), hospital care (W), go to
    hospital (S))
  • more predicative adjectives(misleading
    statistics (W), statistics are misleading (S))
  • fewer complex words and phrases

14
3-Vocabulary Sentences
  • Oral communication uses words with fewer
    syllables than the written language.
  • Written English consists of neat, correct
    sentences.
  • Speech usually consists of idea units.

15
Examples
  • because
  • kuz
  • "I don't wanna go to the party, kuz it sounds
    boring."
  • bet you
  • betcha
  • "I betcha can't eat ten hot dogs!"
  • could have consonant
  • kuda
  • got you
  • gotcha
  • "I gotcha that candy bar you asked for."
  • has to
  • hasta
  • "He hasta know how much he means to me."
  • have to
  • hafta
  • "I hafta clean the house before I go out."

16
4- Pronunciation
  • Written
  • I want to go to the store
  • Spoken
  • I wanna go duh the store
  • If you doubt that "to" becomes "duh,"

17
Sounds patterns in spoken
  • We write more slowly than we speak
  • Once the utterance is spelled there's no way to
    take it back and it dies in the wind . Unlike the
    written form, its documented and can be shifted
  • In Spoken
  • You must know the sound system of the language
  • You must also know how the sounds change in fast
    speech.
  • The English sound system varies .
  • In WRITTEN
  • we replace the pauses, intonation and the
    hesitation that shown in speeches with
    Punctuation (.,-) in writing.
  • Accent ? spelling
  • Dialect? vocabulary

18
Finally .. Redundancy
  • Repetition is built in to language it self
  • Necessary for effective
  • COMMUNICATION

19
Spoken Language Problems and solutions
  • Spoken problems begin in the childhood.
  • Kinds of spoken language problems.
  • Problems effect.
  • Solution.

20
Conclusion
  • We treat written and spoken language as of
  • EQUAL IMPORTANCE
  • Both of them are part of the language
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