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Media Specialists


Title: Dear Mr. Principal Author: nkt12531 Last modified by: K-2, Student Created Date: 1/29/2004 11:36:12 PM Document presentation format: On-screen Show (4:3) – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Media Specialists

Media Specialists
  • Leading the way to better student achievement!

There are a variety of studies that have been
conducted on how strong library programs improve
student academic achievement.
I would like to present research conducted by
Keith C. Lance and Dr. James C Baughman, Ph.D. on
the benefits of a strong media program in
schools. I think you will find the research
speaks for itself and I consider myself a leader
in implementing research based effective programs
in our school media center!
Baughmans Research Findings based on the
Education System of Massachusetts
The following study done by Baughman shows a
direct link between MCAS (Massachusetts
Comprehensive Assessment System) scores and the
continuation (or value) of school libraries. A
strong body of evidence shows that at all
educational level school libraries directly
influence student achievement.
Strong School Libraries EQUAL Strong Student
  • The Simmons Study of school libraries, based on a
    statewide survey, confirm the value of school
  • Schools with library programs have higher MCAS
    (Massachusetts Comprehensive Assessment System)
  • Students score higher on MCAS tests when there is
    a higher per pupil book count.
  • School libraries with more open hours score
    higher on the MCAS tests.
  • Average MCAS scores are higher in schools with
    larger per pupil expenditures for school library
  • Students who are served by a full- time school
    librarian have higher MCAS scores than those in
    schools without a full-time librarian.
  • Students score higher on the MCAS tests when the
    library is aligned with the state curriculum
    frameworks. (This fact is especially true in
    schools that have a high percentage of free
    school lunches.)

A 1987 news column in American Libraries reported
this conclusion
  • Of all the expenditures that influence a
    schools effectiveness including those for
    facilities, teachers, guidance services, and
    othersthe level of expenditures for library and
    media services has the highest correlation with
    student achievement (Baughman, 2000).

Lance Studies Provide Proof that School Media
Centers Improve Student Achievement
  • Colorado Student Assessment Program (CSAP)
    reading test scores increased when library media
    specialists spent more time
  • planning cooperatively with teachers
  • identifying materials for teachers
  • teaching information literacy skills to
  • providing in-service training to teachers
  • managing a computer network through which the
    library media program reaches beyond its own
    walls to classrooms, labs, and offices
  • Lances research involving the Colorado School
    System found that with an increase in
  • Library Media programs
  • Program development
  • Information technology
  • Teacher/media specialist collaboration
  • Individual visits to the media center
  • The results were reading skills and scores on
    state required tests improve.

Anything else?
  • Lances results also found
  • Allowing students to visit the media center as an
    individual, not with the whole class, is also a
    strong indicator of higher test scores.
  • The Middle Schools that report a high number of
    students visiting on an individual basis also
    produce high test scores.
  • When Library Media predictors are maximized
    (e.g., staffing, expenditures, and information
    resources and technology), CSAP reading scores
    tend to run 18 percent higher in fourth grade and
    10 to 15 percent higher in seventh.

Students Will Achieve when Given the Tools
  • More full-time media staff
  • Larger collections of periodicals and
    instructional videos
  • Better-networked online resources made accessible
    via computers in the library as well as in
    classrooms, labs, and offices
  • Higher total library expenditures
  • Heavier use, as indicated by both library visits
    and circulation

All children benefit from a school media program
  • Children from schools with high free/reduced
    lunch program can learn effectively when we make
    a serious effort to provide them with school
    library resources and services.
  • When students from a lower socioeconomic
    community have a library media program they
    perform better than a similar school with no
    library program.

  • The evidence shows an unmistakable added
    advantage for lower socioeconomic children who
    attend schools with good school library programs.
    As Jonathan Kozol wrote in School Library Journal
    in 2000,
  • Few forms of theft are quite as damaging to
    inner-city children as the denial of a
    well-endowed school library.

Policies and Procedures in the Media Center at
High Achieving Schools
  • Flexibly scheduled access to the library
  • Collaboration between the school librarian and
    classroom teachers in the design and delivery of
  • Provision of in-service professional development
    opportunities to teachers by the librarian
  • Appointment of the librarian to key school
  • Regular meetings between librarian and
  • Addressing the instructional role of the
    librarian during teacher hiring interviews

  • Leadership
  • Collaboration
  • Library Media Program Development
  • LMS meets regularly with principal
  • LMS serves on standards committee
  • LMS serves on curriculum committee
  • LM staff meet at building level
  • LMS identifies materials for teachers
  • LMS teaches information literacy to students
  • LMS provides in-service training to teachers
  • Total staff per 100 students
  • Volumes per student Periodical subscriptions
    per 100 students
  • Library media expenditures per student

Last words
  • Schools with well-developed library media
    programs average 10-15/18 higher reading
    scores. When library media staff collaborate
    with classroom teachers, reading scores average
    increases of 8/18-21. When schools have
    computer networks that extend the library media
    programs reach into classrooms and labs, reading
    scores rise 6-13/18-25. When access to library
    media centers is scheduled flexibly, reading
    scores improve 13-22. Collaboration activities
    are more likely to occur where the library media
    specialist is a school leader.

  • (2012). Library research service. Retrieved
    October 10, 2012, from http//
  • Achterman, Douglas L. (2008, December). Haves,
    halves, and have-nots School libraries and
    student achievement in California. Retrieved
    October 10, 2012, from http//digital.library.unt.
  • Lance, K. C., Hofschire, L. (2012, January).
    Change in school librarian staffing linked with
    change in CSAP reading performance, 2005 to 2011.
    Retrieved October 10, 2012, from
  • Lance, K. C., Rodney, M. J., Hamilton-Pennell, C.
    (2000, April). How school librarians help kids
    achieve standards The second Colorado study.
    Retrieved October 10, 2012, from
  • Lance, K. C., Rodney, M. J., Russell, B. (2007,
    February). How students, teachers, principals
    benefit from strong school libraries The Indiana
    study. Retrieved October 10, 2012, from
  • MCAS and school libraries Making the
    connection. Retrieved October 10, 2012, from
  • Tilley, C. L. (2011, May-June). The true value of
    the work we do. Retrieved October 10, 2012, from