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Seventh Grade History Review

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Seventh Grade History Review Or, What You Should Have Learned Last Year The Fall of the Roman Empire Rome grew too large, could not effectively manage an empire ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Seventh Grade History Review


1
Seventh Grade History Review
  • Or, What You Should Have Learned Last Year

2
The Fall of the Roman Empire
  • Rome grew too large, could not effectively manage
    an empire of its size
  • Ultimately fell to invading Germanic tribes in
    the year 476
  • Clovis, ruler of the Franks, would be the first
    to unite Gaul following the fall of the Empire

3
Islam
  • Muhammad discovers a Mecca that is dedicated to
    the worship of multiple gods and unites the Arabs
    under one God
  • Arabia is an important stop on the trade routes
    between Asia and Europe
  • Christians and Jews considered People of the
    Book
  • Muslim scholars contribute much to math,
    medicine, geography, history

4
Medieval China
  • Great seagoing vessels, technological progress
  • Invention of gunpowder, the compass, and printing
  • Tang and Song Dynasties establish modern Chinese
    society
  • Irrigation systems and canals support
    agriculture, especially rice production
  • Under Mongol rule, China experiences great trade
    and cultural exchange

5
Medieval China
  • By the 1400s, though, things changed
  • The massive bureaucracy developed in China
    restrained progress
  • Unable to control the unbelievable growth in
    commerce, the Chinese bureaucracy decided to
    simply end it in 1433
  • Confucian ideals were used to justify the
    restraint of the merchant class

6
Ghana, Mali, and Songhai
  • Sub-Saharan Africa is important for its location
    along trade routes
  • Ghana and Mali become powerful empires by
    controlling the gold-salt trade
  • Mali becomes a world power after converting to
    Islam Timbuktu becomes a major world center

7
Medieval Japan
  • Many ideas borrowed from nearby China
  • Japans isolation fostered political independence
  • Buddhism becomes major religion of Japan
  • Many gifted female authors in Japan Tale of
    Genji considered a classic of world literature
  • Medieval society shogun, daimyo, samurai

8
Medieval Europe
  • The Church influenced every aspect of life in
    Medieval Europe
  • St. Francis of Assisi
  • The Crusades
  • Feudalism as an economic and political system
  • Epic poetry such as Beowulf
  • Persecution of the Jewish minority in Europe
    Spanish Inquisition

9
Meso-America and the Andes
  • Maize agriculture helps Mesoamerica to flourish
  • Mayans reached their peak around 500 AD Incas
    reach their peak around 1300 AD Aztecs reach
    peak around 1500 AD
  • Mayan achievements architecture, calendar,
    pictographs, astronomy
  • Incas engineering, administration
  • Aztecs massive temples, Aztec calendar

10
The Renaissance, Reformation, Sci Rev
  • What does the Renaissance mean?
  • Renaissance art and literature
  • Abuses and accusations of the Church
  • People break away from the Catholic Church
  • The split between Germanic Europe and Latin
    Europe
  • Scientific Revolution Galileo, Kepler, Newton
  • Telescope, microscope, thermometer, barometer,
    and printing press

11
Exploration, Enlightenment, Age of Reason
  • Exploration
  • Magna Carta
  • English Bill of Rights and the Glorious
    Revolution, 1688
  • John Locke
  • American Declaration of Independence
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