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The Last Supper Narrative Luke 22:1-38

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Title: The Last Supper Narrative Luke 22:1-38


1
The Last Supper Narrative Luke 221-38
  • by Alyssa Paulus

2
Overview
  • Passover is drawing near (Lk 221)
  • Judas plans to betray Jesus, giving him up to the
    chief priests and scribes
  • (Lk 222-6)
  • Jesus instructs the disciples to prepare for the
    Passover feast (Lk 227-13)
  • The Last Supper (Lk 2214-38)

3
The Feast of Passover
  • Origins Exodus 123-13
  • 123-10 How to Prepare the Meal
  • Sacrifice a lamb on the 14th day
  • Spread its blood on the doorposts
  • Roast the lamb and eat it
  • Whatever is not eaten is to burned
  • 1211-13 The Night of Passover
  • God will strike down every first-born in Egypt
  • Blood on the door makes the angel of death "pass
    over" the Israelites' houses

4
The Feast of Unleavened Bread
  • Memorial Feast Exodus 1214-21
  • Celebrate the pilgrimage out of Egypt the first
    month of every year from the evening of the 14th
    day to the 21st day
  • Eat unleavened bread for 7 days
  • Hold a sacred assembly on the 1st and last day
  • Anyone who eats leavened bread will be cut off

5
Celebrating the Feasts Annually
  • Deuteronomy 16
  • The place of the feast is determined by the Lord
    5-8
  • Everyone was once a slave of Egypt therefore
    everyone shall be included in the feasts 11-12
  • Three times a year every male shall appear before
    the Lord with an offering 16-17
  • Appoint judges and officials to keep true
    justice18-20
  • Do not create any scared pole or pillar except
    the altar of the Lord 21-22

6
Preparations for the PassoverOT vs. NT
  • Exodus 1221
  • Moses called all the elders of Israel and said
    to them, Go and procure lambs for your families,
    and slaughter them as Passover victims.
  • Luke 227-8
  • When the day of the feast of Unleavened Bread
    arrived, the day for sacrificing the Passover
    lamb, he sent out Peter and John, instructing
    them, Go and make preparations for us to eat the
    Passover.

7
Preparations for the PassoverOT vs. NT (Cont.)
  • Deut 165-8
  • You may not sacrifice the Passover in any of
    the communities which the Lord, your God, gives
    you only at the place which he chooses as the
    dwelling place of his name, and in the evening at
    sunset, on the anniversary of your departure from
    Egypt, shall you sacrifice the Passover.
  • Luke 22 9-13
  • Jesus tells Peter and John where to go
  • Then they went off and found everything exactly
    as he had told them, and there they prepared the
    Passover.

8
The Last Supper
  • Lukes Account compared to Matthew and Mark
    (Aland pg. 282-85)
  • -Luke reverses the order of events.
  • -Unique Do this in remembrance of me.
  • -Includes more dialogue during the Last Supper
    (e.g., the dispute among the disciples and the
    prediction of Peters denial ).

9
Arguments Among the Disciples Peters Denial
  • Arguments among the Disicples
  • Mark 1041-45 before Last Supper (Mark 14)
  • Matt 2024-28 before Last Supper (Matt 26)
  • Luke 2224-30 within the Last Supper event
  • (compare Aland, pg. 286-87)
  • Peters Denial Predicted
  • At end of Last Supper in all 3 Synoptic Gospels
  • BUT Luke's account seems completely different,
    one very similar to Johns Gospel (compare
    Aland, pg. 288-289)

10
Last Supper OT vs. NT
  • Luke 2219-20
  • And likewise the cup after they had eaten,
    saying, This cup is the new covenant in my
    blood, which will be shed for you.
  • The New Covenant Jer 3131-34
  • The days are coming, says the Lord, when I
    will make a new covenant with the house of Israel
    and the House of Judah. It will not be like the
    covenant I made with their fathers the day I took
    them by hand to lead them forth from the land of
    Egypt for they broke my covenant and I had to
    show myself their master, says the Lord.

11
Last Supper Paul Luke
  • Pauls Letters1 Cor 1123-25
  • For I received from the Lord what I also
    handed on to you, that the Lord Jesus, on the
    night he was handed over, took bread, and , after
    he had given thanks, broke it and said, This is
    my body that is for you. Do this in remembrance
    of me.
  • Luke 2019
  • Then he took the bread, said the blessing,
    broke it, and gave it to them, saying, This is
    my body, which will be given for you do this in
    memory of me.
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