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Women in Rural Areas

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Women in Rural Areas By Prof. Magdy Madkour ALARI, Ain Shams University, Egypt Senior Advisor, Bibliotheca Alexandrina Supervisor, AGERI, ARC-Egypt – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Women in Rural Areas


1
Women in Rural Areas
  • By
  • Prof. Magdy Madkour
  • ALARI, Ain Shams University, Egypt
  • Senior Advisor, Bibliotheca Alexandrina
  • Supervisor, AGERI, ARC-Egypt

2
  • Women are a great human asset for any country and
    their role in society is critical for
    development.
  • Women represent 18.6 of the total labor force in
    Egypt. 2.8 million
  • Rural Women constitute 65 of the total number of
    women in Egypt, and provide 51 or more of
    the Agriculture Labor Force.

3
  • Women share with men most of the agricultural
    duties and labor either inside or outside the
    house, and they play a pivotal role in
  • Child Education, nutrition and health,
  • Family Planning,
  • Animal and Poultry production,
  • Food and Dairy processing,
  • Crop production, marketing and sales,
  • Different agricultural practices
  • (Seeding Weeding Fertilizing)

4
Distribution of Women Labor Force in Egypt by AGE
Age Category Women Labor
15-19 13.3
20-24 11.7
25-29 11.8
30-34 10.4
35-39 12.9
40-44 10.4
45-49 9.6
Total 80.2

50-54 6.0
55-59 3.8
60 and above 2.0
5
Distribution of Women Labor Force in Egypt by
EDUCATIONAL LEVEL
Educational Level Women Labor
Illiterate 55
Read and/or Write 11
Up to High School 27
University Degree 6.4
6
Distribution of Women Labor Force in Egypt by JOB
CATEGORY
Job Category Women Labor
Agriculture Labor, Farming, Fishing 71.3
Science Related Jobs 10.1
Technical Jobs 3.1
Office/Clerical Jobs 6.9
7
  • 15.1 of FAMILIES IN EGYPT are supported
    exclusively by women labor in RURAL and URBAN
    communities.
  • However, 82 of those families are present in
    URBAN areas, and are usually families small in
    number and are lead by widowed mothers.

8
  • In RURAL AREAS, women are not usually empowered
    to manage the agricultural land they INHERITED,
    and therefore the land is rented to the closest
    MALE relative.
  • (Ownership of agricultural land by women amounts
    to 5.3)

9
Role of Women in Rural Extension
  • A number of obstacles hinders the performance of
    Female Extension Workers (FEW) in Rural
    societies including
  • Inadequate planning, implementation and
    evaluation of training programs.
  • Lack of knowledge and skills for information
    dissemination.
  • Lack of communication skills.

10
  • IF properly empowered,
  • Female Extension Workers (FEW) could
  • Play a vital role in the economic development
    of Rural Communities by creating employment/job
    opportunities and by empowering Rural women who
    form the backbone of agricultural labor force in
    Egypt.

11
Thank You
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