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Marijuana, Inhalants, and Steroids (1:46)

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Title: Marijuana, Inhalants, and Steroids (1:46)


1
Marijuana, Inhalants, and Steroids (146)
Click here to launch video
Click here to download print activity
2
Three often-abused drugs that can have serious
physical and mental side effects are marijuana,
inhalants, and anabolic steroids.
3
  • marijuana
  • paranoia
  • inhalants
  • anabolic-androgenic steroids

4
Marijuana
Using marijuana has serious physical, mental,
social, and legal consequences.
Marijuana is one of the most widely used illegal
drugs.
5
Marijuana
  • Hashish, or hash, is a stronger form of marijuana.

Marijuana
A plant whose leaves, buds, and flowers are
usually smoked for their intoxicating effects
6
Marijuana
  • Marijuana is considered a possible gateway drug,
    a drug that may lead the user to try other, more
    dangerous drugs.
  •  
  • Studies have shown that a teen who uses marijuana
    is 15 times more likely to use cocaine than a
    teen who has never used marijuana.

7
Marijuana
  • The effects of marijuana use vary from person to
    person, and can be influenced by a persons mood
    and surroundings.

8
Marijuana
Health Risks of Marijuana
Hallucinations and paranoia
Lung irritation, coughing
Impaired short-term memory, reaction time,
concentration, and coordination
Heart and lung damage
Decreased initiative and ambition
Increased risk of lung cancer
Bloodshot eyes, dry mouth
Weakened immunity to infection
9
Marijuana
Health Risks of Marijuana
Increased appetite
In females, risk of infertility
Increased risk of stillbirth and birth defects
In males, lowered sperm count and testosterone
levels
Changed hormone levels
10
Physical Consequences of Marijuana Use
  • Because marijuana is often smoked, users face the
    same health risks as tobacco smokers.
  •  
  • Marijuana smoke contains more cancer-causing
    chemicals than tobacco smoke.

11
Physical Consequences of Marijuana Use
Respiratory System
Users often inhale the unfiltered smoke.
Immune System
Users may be more susceptible to infections.
Reproductive System
Users hormone levels are affected.
12
Physical Consequences of Marijuana Use
  • THC, the main psychoactive ingredient in
    marijuana, is stored in body fat and traces of it
    can be present in the blood for as long as a
    month.

13
Mental and Emotional Consequences
  • Marijuana raises levels of a brain chemical
    called dopamine that produces a pleasurable
    feeling called a high.
  •  
  • When the drug wears off, the pleasure sensation
    stops, often dramatically. This abrupt letdown is
    called a crash.

14
Mental and Emotional Consequences
  • Marijuana users can experience slow mental
    reflexes and may suffer from sudden feelings of
    anxiety and paranoia.

Paranoia
An irrational suspiciousness or distrust of
others
15
Mental and Emotional Consequences
Mental and Emotional Consequences of Marijuana
dizziness
distorted perception
trouble walking
loss of coordination
impaired memory
trouble with thinking
sleepiness
16
Driving and Marijuana Use
  • Driving under the influence of marijuana is
    dangerous and illegal.
  •  
  • It is dangerous because marijuana interferes with
    depth perception, increases reaction time, causes
    sleepiness, impairs judgment, and slows reflexes.

17
Inhalants
Inhalants can cause the death of brain cells.
All inhalants are extremely dangerous, and some
are labeled as poisons.
18
Inhalants
  • Some inhalants are prescribed by doctors, while
    others are inhaled to achieve a high.

Inhalants
Substances whose fumes are sniffed or inhaled to
give effect
19
Inhalants
liver and kidney damage
blindness
Inhaling solvents, aerosols, glues, paints,
varnishes, and gasoline can cause
brain damage
paralysis
cardiac arrest
death
20
Inhalants
Immediate Effects of Inhalants
glassy stare
coughing
slurred speech
nosebleeds
impaired judgment
fatigue
nausea
lack of coordination
21
Inhalants
  • Inhalants can be accidentally inhaled when doing
    household chores.
  •  
  • When using inhalants, work in a well-ventilated
    room and wear a mask if a project requires long
    exposure to the fumes.

22
Consequences of Steroid Use
Steroids can cause severe health problems.
Athletes who use steroids can face expulsion from
a team or event, monetary fines, tarnished
reputation, and jail time.
23
Consequences of Steroid Use
  • The use of anabolic-androgenic steroids can
    result in unnatural muscle growth.

Anabolic-androgenic steroids
Synthetic substances similar to male sex hormones
24
Consequences of Steroid Use
  • Anabolic refers to muscle building.
  • Androgenic refers to increased male
    characteristics.

25
Consequences of Steroid Use
Side Effects of Steroid Use
weak tendons and ligaments
HIV or hepatitis B
weight gain
violent behavior
acne
extreme mood swings
high blood pressure
depression
liver and kidney tumors
paranoia
26
Consequences of Steroid Use
Effects on Males
Shrinking testicles, reduced sperm count,
baldness, development of breasts, increased risk
of prostate cancer
Effects on Females
Facial hair, baldness, menstrual cycle changes, a
deepened voice
27
After You Read Reviewing Facts and Vocabulary
  1. What body systems are harmed by smoking
    marijuana?

The respiratory, immune, nervous, and
reproductive systems
28
After You Read Reviewing Facts and Vocabulary
  1. What are inhalants?

Substances whose fumes are sniffed or inhaled to
give a mind-altering effect
29
After You Read Reviewing Facts and Vocabulary
  1. Why does using steroids for increasing muscle
    strength often result in injury?

Although steroids can increase muscle strength,
the associated tendons and ligaments do not get
stronger.
30
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