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The Scientific Revolution

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The Scientific Revolution Scientific Revolution A major change in European thought, starting in the mid-1500s, in which the study of the natural world began to be ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Scientific Revolution


1
The Scientific Revolution
2
Scientific Revolution
  • A major change in European thought, starting in
    the mid-1500s, in which the study of the natural
    world began to be characterized by careful
    observation
  • and the questioning of accepted beliefs.

3
The Roots of Revolution
  • Before the S. Rev
  • -scholars generally decided what was true based
    on the teachings of ancient authors and/or the
    Bible
  • -few questioned the scientific belief held by
    the church and ancient thinkers
  • Most believed
  • -the earth was the center of the universe
  • geocentric theory
  • -moon, sun other planets all moved in
    circular paths around the earth
  • -idea came from Aristotle
  • -4th century Greek philosopher
  • -fit into Christian doctrine

4
A New Way of Thinking
  • - Based on observation and a willingness to
    question accepted beliefs
  • - During the Middle Ages, new scientific
    findings led to the development of scientific
    university courses in astronomy, physics, and
    mathematics
  • - During the Renaissance, ancient manuscripts
    indicated that many scholars did not agree with
    each other
  • The Reformation occurred roughly around the same
    time where the church was being questioned anyway
  • Copernicus challenged Aristoles idea that the
    earth was the center of the universe

5
Age of Exploration
  • -discoveries of people and places previously
    unknown to Europeans led them to question truth
  • -development of scientific tools used in
    navigation heightened research in astronomy and
    mathematics

6
Gutenbergs Printing Press
  • Ideas were spread more efficiently and widely
    among the scientific thinkers

7
Characteristics of the Scientific Revolution
  • 1) Use of observation and trial and error in
    developing scientific discoveries
  • 2) Went against Church truths
  • -contradicts Church doctrine
  • 3) 16th and 17th century scientists built on
    the ideas and findings of those who came before
    them

8
Great Thinkers of the Era
  • Brahe- Astronomy, identified new stars
  • Kepler- Protégé of Brahe, developed theory of
    planetary motion
  • Galileo- Believed objects were in motion until
    something stopped it
  • Was questioned by the Inquisition and recanted

9
Continued
  • Newton- Physics, believed physics governed the
    universe
  • Universe was rational because God created it and
    God is rational
  • Bacon- Inductive reasoning applied to math (using
    a set of facts to come up with a general
    conclusion), scientific method applied to math
  • Descartes- Analytical geometry

10
Quick Write Question
  • What were the circumstances leading up to the
    Scientific Revolution and what characteristics
    embody the era?
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