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Religious War

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Chapter 5 Religious War And State Building France Saw rise of Huguenots (Protestant Calvinists) Made up of many nobility and middle class. Rivaled the Catholic ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Religious War


1
Chapter 5
  • Religious War
  • And
  • State Building

2
France
  • Saw rise of Huguenots (Protestant Calvinists)
  • Made up of many nobility and middle class.
    Rivaled the Catholic monarchy held by Queen
    Catherine de Medici.
  • Scattered wars and bloodshed begin in 1562. No
    strength in the central government.

3
St.Bartholomews Day Massacre
4
Paris,1572
  • 3000 Huguenots killed at wedding celebration
  • 40 000 killed in next few months. Economic
    devastation ensues.
  • Politiques emerge. Moderates from both sides
    looking to end the conflict.

5
  • 1589, Henry IV takes throne. Huguenot and
    Politique by nature. Converts to Catholicism in
    a public ceremony.
  • Paris is worth a mass
  • Wars soon end after
  • he publishes The Edict
  • of Nantes. Guarantees
  • Huguenots freedom of
  • worship.

6
Spain
  • Pillar of Catholic strength under Phillip II
  • Built on gold from New World
  • Controlled area of Netherlands, Italy and areas
    of America
  • Began Spains Golden Century

7
  • Philip II saw himself as a defender of the faith.
    Spain would be responsible for the Catholic
    offensive against Protestantism.
  • Resistance emerges in the Netherlands under
    William of Orange. Philip sends the Duke of Alba
    with 10,000 troops to restore order. Heavy taxes
    were introduced, thousands were killed, and land
    was taken. Resistance continues.

8
Bruegel, Massacre of the Innocents
9
Dutch Independence
  • Achieved by 1609

10
England Elizabeth I
11
Elizabeth I
  • Daughter of Henry VIII
  • Solidified Protestantism in England
  • Supporter of Huguenots in the Netherlands
  • Angered Pope Pius V- excommunicated her from the
    Church

12
Spanish Armada
13
  • Philip II orders armada catolica to invade
    England and bring an end to the Protestant state.
  • 130 ships with 27,000 men sail to England in 1588
  • Meet Sir Francis Drake in the English Channel
    with 200 ships.
  • Protestant Wind pushes the Armada to unfamiliar
    waters off of Scotland.
  • One third of Armada never returns to Spain

14
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15
Thirty Years War, 1618-1648
  • Fought in mainly in Germany- over 300 political
    units
  • Began as religious war between Catholic and
    Lutheran states
  • Both sides sought support from other nations
  • Complicated by France- Catholic state did not
    support the Catholic reformers because they
    feared a more unified state to their East

16
  • War involves all of continental Europe
  • Fought mainly on German soil
  • Brutal methods used- torture, rape, lootings,
    pillaging of lands.
  • Treaty reaffirms the Peace of Augsburg and adds
    Calvinism as a legal religion

17
Treaty of Westphalia 1648
18
Witchcraft
A strange development occurred in the late
sixteenth century respecting witchcraft. Many
thousands were sentenced to die as a result of
being tried as witches.
19
Persecution of Witches
20
Art Literature
  • Shakespeare
  • To be or not to bethat is the question
  • Whether tis nobler in the mind to suffer
  • The slings and arrows of outrageous fortune
  • Or to take up arms against a sea of troubles,
  • And by opposing end them

21
Rembrandt
Famous Dutch painter. Many self
portraits. Focus was on civic life of Dutch
people.
22
Self Portrait
23
Prodigal Son
24
Young Girl on Window Sill
25
Mannerism
El Greco
26
Baroque
  • Movement

Ornamentation
Appeal to senses
J. S. Bach- composer Johann Sebastian Bach
27
Peter Paul Rubens
28
Bacchus
29
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30
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31
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32
Don Quixote
33
Themes of Don Quixote
  • Class and worth
  • Loss of Medieval sense of chivalry
  • Loss of ideals
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