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Russian Revolution

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... wrote Communist Manifesto He and Frederick Engels wrote The Communist Manifesto A little pamphlet that changed the world Unrest among the people grew in Russia. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Russian Revolution


1
Russian Revolution
2
He and Frederick Engels wrote The Communist
Manifesto A little pamphlet that changed the
world
3
Unrest among the people grew in Russia. The
threat of open revolt in 1905 had led the czar to
make some changes, but he still held all the
power. At the start of World War I, the Russian
people supported the war effort from a sense of
patriotism. As the army met defeats, discontent
grew and soldiers deserted. People rioted for
bread, fuel, and an end to the war.
4
Russia was the most backward and autocratic of
the Great Powers which fought in WWI here the
gap between government and society was larger
than it was anywhere else. The Tsar (king) was
Nicholas II
His empire covered nearly a sixth of the earth's
surface, but he had little of the practical
knowledge necessary to govern it, and he
distrusted those who did
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more
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November 17, 1917
  • Bolsheviks overthrew provisional govt
  • Take control of Russia
  • Called the October Revolution (that is the month
    it occurred in the Russian Calendar)
  • 1918 Bolsheviks rename themselves the COMMUNIST
    PARTY (they dissolve the legislative assembly)

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Vladimir Illich Ulyanov, known as Lenin The
ruler of communist Russia
18
Lenin signs a peace treaty with Germany 1918
Brest Litovsk treaty- Russia will no longer
participate in WWI (now Germany will focus on
France) Russia will give up parts of what will
become Poland Civil war brewing in
Russia Communist Party imprisons the czar and
family
19
Czar Nicholas and Family
20
Meanwhile
  • Civil War
  • Communists Red Army
  • vs.
  • Conservative, right wing White Army

Fearing spread of communism - European powers
support the White Army
21
Communist Party wins. Rename the
country U.S.S.R. United Soviet Socialist Republic
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Now, you should be familiar with the following
terms
  • Mensheviks - Whites
  • Bolsheviks - Reds
  • Vladimir Lenin 1st communist ruler of USSR
  • Communist Party
  • Red Army
  • Karl Marx wrote Communist Manifesto
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