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T h e A m e r i c a n U n i v e r s i t y o f R o m e HST 201 - Survey of Western Civilization I

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T h e A m e r i c a n U n i v e r s i t y o f R o m e HST 201 - Survey of Western Civilization I Session 15 Polities of the Early Middle Ages – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: T h e A m e r i c a n U n i v e r s i t y o f R o m e HST 201 - Survey of Western Civilization I


1
T h e A m e r i c a n U n i v e r s i t y o f
R o m e HST 201 - Survey of Western
Civilization I
Session 15 Polities of the Early Middle Ages A
review The High Middle Ages Its features
2
Biz E
500
Justinian
800
1000
Constantinople falls
1200
1400
Trebizond
Art in mosaics its Religious and
political importance, Italy, Balkans, Middle East
1918
3
Biz E I
expansion, coexistence multi-religious society.
Jihad?
500
sunni/shia schism
Justinian
800
1000
fundamentalism
Aristotelian philosophy translated from G into A,
and then into L
CORDOBA Cultural hub
Constantinople falls
1200
fundamentalism
Ottoman Empire
1400
Trebizond
Islamic art? Influence Palermo
1918
4
Biz E I
Carolingian
expansion, coexistence multi-religious society
500
sunni/shia schism
CH Property system in a land of Roman and
barbarians
Justinian
800
Short lived but not collapse
1000
fundamentalism
T R A D E
CORDOBA Cultural hub
vs monasteries
Constantinople falls
1200
fundamentalism
F
G
Ottoman Empire
1400
Shaping new countries
Trebizond
Feudalism Cities Parallel worlds?
1918
5
(No Transcript)
6
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7
7th-9th c.
The Indian Ocean in Eurasian and African
World-Systems before the Sixteenth Century,
Philippe Beaujard, Journal of World History, Vol.
16, No. 4, 2005
8
(No Transcript)
9
Feudalism gt Political system? Centralized?
Decentralized? gt Confrontation Monarchy vs.
Nobility? (with their different aims and
powers) gt Power relations? Allegiance
contract gt Property system? Special land-tenure
system? gt European system, of war-driven
societies? gt Feudal state much institutional
and political instability
10
  • In Europe political systems of the Middle Ages
  • gt Society moved from a world of tribes and
    chiefdoms - in which rights of property were
    mainly defined through membership of a kin-group
    - to a society in which lordship over all land
    and men was increasingly assumed by state rulers.
  • gt A situation typical in an intermediate period
    and normal among the barbarian tribes that were
    settling the old lands of the Roman empire, where
    Roman peoples where still cultivating and owing
    the lands.
  • gt The so-called feudal state of the Middle Ages
    was an institution that represented a limited
    territorialization of power, wherein a king's
    ability to govern and rule his kingdom depended
    to a large extent on the cooperation of his
    vassals (p. 65, Elias 1982, 16-17).

11
  • Elias (1982, 16-17), the feudal state or kingdom
    was characterized by an inherent social and
    spatial tension. With only a rudimentary
    administrative structure available to govern
    their kingdom, the rulers of medieval states were
    dependent upon the personal relationships that
    existed between a king and his vassals in order
    to exert any jurisdiction over the vast majority
    of their territories. In effect, such control was
    largely derived from the social bond between two
    individuals rather than being based upon an
    objective and absolute ordering of space and
    territory. (p. 66)
  • There is no more striking a demonstration of this
    process than the dramatic collapse of the
    Frankish kingdom in the early Middle Ages, when
    the extended kingdom of Charlemagne disintegrated
    into a 'mosaic of autonomous duchies and
    principalities. (p.66)

12
From Craft specialization, the reorganization of
production relations and state formation. Thomas
C. Patterson. 2005. Journal of Social
Archaeology 5, 307. During the transition from
feudalism to capitalism, feudal lords who, in
practice if not in theory, supported the ideal of
a self-sufficient natural economy were pitted
against serfs, peasants and artisans, on the one
hand, and merchant capitalists who sought
increasing control of local and regional markets,
on the other. Marx (18637/1977 87795) outlined
the dialectics of class struggle in England
during the transition. The serfs succeeded in
breaking the bonds of servitude by the end of the
fourteenth century, becoming a class of free
peasant proprietors. The lesser feudal lords no
longer able to appropriate goods and services
from their former serfs dissolved by the end of
(continues)
13
gt St Pauls Missionary Journeys Conflicts and
Politics Gentiles vs. Jewish gt The Creation of
the Church of England Religion under Political
Control gt Machiavelli Italian Prince gt Cordoba,
Cultural Hub of Europe. Maimonides and Co. gt The
Aryan Controversy in the Art and Architecture in
Ravenna gt The Importance of Relics in the Middle
Ages Relics as Political Power in Saint Louis'
Kingdom (vs The Role of Relics in the History of
Christianity) gt How did the Medici used art to
promote themselves gt Culture and politics in
Renaissance in Italy gt David gt Ottoman Empire in
the Balkans Politics and Religion of the Bosnian
Population
14
gt Socrates and Jesus Politics and Goverments
against Thinkers gt Jewish and Islamic Religions
Commonalities in Monotheits Semitic Societies gt
Evolution of the Serbian Medieval State gt
Crusades, East West Prespectives gt Leslie gt
Medieval Infrastructure Black Death gt The
Multicultural Society of Frederick II in Southern
Italy Arabs in a Christian Kingdom gt The Role of
Medieval Libraries Keeping Knoweledge Alive gt
Alexandrias Everywhere Urban Imprinting of
Greekness in the East Charlemagne and the Legacy
of carolingians the division gt Describing the
Roman Empire their successes and failures and
compare it with an Empire of our era (USA) gt
Venice and the 4th Crusade Commerce and
Conquest gt Tax System Publicani in the Augustan
Era
15
  • Library research for paper
  • http//www.galileo.aur.it/cgi-bin/koha/opac-main.p
    l
  • 2. URBS database local Roman books
    http//www.reteurbs.org/search/
  • 3. CSI database list of electronic resources /
    Restricted
  • http//www.library.csi.cuny.edu/eresource/alphalis
    t.php

16
  • 4. SIU database journals and periodicals /
    Restricted
  • http//ux7xn7gd4e.search.serialssolutions.com/
  • Journal of Roman Studies
  • 5. Google Books / Open but limited have to be
  • lucky to have the right pages open
  • Search reconstructionheritage
  • Search middleagesplague
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