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William Shakespeare Of Pens and Swords


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Title: William Shakespeare Of Pens and Swords

William ShakespeareOf Pens and Swords
The Biography
The Bard lives forever!
Who was William Shakespeare?
  • William Shakespeare, the son of John and Mary
    Arden Shakespeare, was born in Stratford-upon-Avon
    in 1564. The exact date of his birth is
    unknown, but he was christened on April 26. His
    birthday is celebrated on April 23.

The Education of a Master
  • Shakespeare attended the grammar school in
    Stratford-upon-Avon, though how long is unknown.
    His studies would have mainly consisted of Latin
    and Classical Greek, and all of his schoolmasters
    were graduates of Oxford University.
  • Shakespeare did not attend the university, which
    led to later questions of authorship.
  • Shakespeare did possess amazing amounts of
    information about alchemy, astronomy, folkore,
    medicine, law, nature, music, sports, and the
  • The interior of the grammar school at
    Stratford-upon-Avon, Eng. Mary Evans Picture

A Family Man
  • Their first daughter, Susanna, was born a year
    later. Twins Hamnet and Judith were born two
    years later. Hamnet died at the age of 11.
  • Shakespeare married Anne Hathaway on November 28,
    1582. Shakespeare was 18 Hathaway was 26.

Shakespeare delves into the theatre
Shakespeare the Author
  • During his lifetime, Shakespeare was a very
    prolific writer and authored at least 37 plays
    (histories, comedies, and tragedies), as well as
    poetry. His plays include but are not limited
  • Much Ado About Nothing
  • Hamlet
  • A Midsummer Nights Dream
  • Macbeth
  • Romeo and Juliet
  • The Merchant of Venice
  • The Merry Wives of Windsor
  • Loves Labours Lost
  • Titus Andronicus
  • Henry IV (parts 1 and 2)
  • Henry V
  • Henry VI (parts 1, 2, and 3)
  • Henry VIII
  • Richard II
  • As You Like It

Authorship Debate
  • In the late eighteenth century, critics began to
    doubt that Shakespeare single-handedly, if at
    all, wrote the plays which the world holds so
  • Their arguments
  • He did not go to a university so he was not
    learned enough to write these plays.
  • Response He did study Latin under Oxford
  • The plays show too much knowledge of foreign
    countries and political intrigue for a man of
    provincial origins.
  • Response This theory ignores the knowledge to be
    gained from books, conversations, and
    underestimates social mobility.
  • The most popular Shakespeare replacements have
    been Sir Francis Bacon, Christopher Marlowe, and
    Edward de Vere, 17th Earl of Oxford. Even Queen
    Elizabeth has been suspect.

How to Read ShakespeareWhat is iambic pentameter?
  • Iambic meter each unstressed syllable is
    followed by a stressed syllable.
  • Iambic pentameter five iambic units in each
  • Unrhymed iambic pentameter is called blank verse.
  • Couplets Two consecutive lines of poetry that
  • Shakespeare uses iambic pentameter throughout
    Romeo and Juliet. Most of the major characters
    speak in poetry, except Mercutio when joking.

How to Read Poetry
  • Now that we know how certain poetic syllables are
    stressed, how do you read out consecutive lines
    of poetry?
  • End-stopped line Some punctuation is at the end.
  • Run-on line There is no punctuation at the end,
    and its meaning is always completed in the
    following line(s).

The Competition Shakespeares Contemporaries
  • Shakespeare was not the only popular dramatist of
    his time other writers, whose plays were even
    more popular, are not as beloved today. However,
    back in the day, they gave Shakespeare a run for
    his moneyor pounds.

Ben Jonson Author of Every Man in His Humour,
Eastward Ho!, The Alchemist
Christopher Marlowe Author of Dr. Faustus,
Tamburlaine the Great, Edward II
The Lord Chamberlains Men
  • The Lord Chamberlains Men was the acting company
    Shakespeare was associated with for most of his
  • The company was first formed by Henry Carey, 1st
    Lord Hunsdon, in 1564, but it was closed for a
    time and reopened in 1594. The company went to
    court and had a provincial tour in 1597 due to
    the plague.
  • Records show that this was the most popular
    acting company in the courts of Queen Elizabeth.
  • In 1599, the company relocated to the Globe
    Theatre on the south bank of the Thames, due west
    of London Bridge at Southwark.

The Globe Theatre
  • The Globe Theatre Most of Shakespeares plays
    were performed here.
  • The original globe was built around 1598 in
    Londons Bankside District.
  • It was an open-air octagonal amphitheatre that
    had seating room for 3,000.

The Globe Theatre Timeline
  • The Globe Theatre was built by Cuthbert and
    Richard Burbage (principal actor of the
    Chamberlains Men company) out of the remnants of
    the Theatre. It was completed in 1599.
  • In 1613, the Globe burned down during a
    performance of Henry VIII when a cannon caught
    the room on fire.
  • In 1614, the Globe was rebuilt and re-opened.
  • In 1642, the Puritans closed all theatres.
  • In 1644, the remaining Globe was pulled down to
    make room for housing.

The Globe Today
  • The Globe Today
  • In 1993, Sam Wanamaker instigated the rebuilding
    of The Globe.
  • Construction was completed in 1996 Queen
    Elizabeth II opened the theatre in May 1997.
    This faithful reproduction seats approximately
    1,500 people between galleries and the
    groundling room.

Elizabethan England
  • Her reign was often called the Golden Age of
    England because of the prosperity and great
  • Under her leadership, the English court became a
    center for writers, musicians, and scholars,
    including William Shakespeare.
  • During the 16th century, Londons population grew
    400 , expanding to nearly 2,000 people.
  • Queen Elizabeth I
  • 1533 - 1603
  • Reigned from 1558 1603
  • Daughter of King Henry VIII and Ann Boleyn (2nd
  • Elizabeth never married, though she had her share
    of suitors she would not share her throne.
  • Be ye ensured that I will be as good unto you as
    ever a Queen was unto her people.
                 Elizabeth I

Shakespeare? A lesson in Elizabethan spelling
  • Interestingly enough, Shakespeares signatures
    (all six surviving examples) are spelled
  • a) William Shackper
  • b) William Shakspear
  • c) Wm Shakspea
  • d) William Shackspere
  • e) Willm. Shakspere
  • f) By me William Shakspeare
  • Interpretation of lettering is by Charles
    Hamilton, In Search of Shakespeare, Harcourt
    Brace, 1985

Romeo and Juliet
Romeo and Juliet
  • The Prologue
  • Two households, both alike in dignity,
  • In fair Verona, where we lay our scene,
  • From ancient grudge break to new mutiny,
  • Where civil blood makes civil hands unclean.
  • From forth the fatal loins of these two foes
  • A pair of star-crossed lovers take their
  • Whose misadventured piteous overthrows
  • Do with their death bury their parents
  • The fearful passage of their death-marked love,
  • And the continuance of their parents rage,
  • Which, but their childrens end, naught could
  • Is now the two hours traffic of our
  • The which if you with patient ears attend,
  • What here shall miss, our toil shall strive to

Romeo and Juliet
  • Romeo and Juliet was probably written between
    1594 and 1595. It was performed often before its
    publication in 1597.
  • Shakespeare's principal source for the plot was
    The Tragicall Historye of Romeus and Juliet
    (1562), a long narrative poem by the English poet
    Arthur Broke (d. 1563). Broke had based his poem
    on a French translation of a tale by the Italian
    Matteo Bandello (1485-1561) (Encyclopedia
    Brittanica 2005).

  • Romeo and Juliet is more than just a tale of a
    teen crush gone awry it is a poignant tragedy
    about hatred, just as much as love.
  • The tale is not only about the star-crossed
    lovers but also about the public and political
    admonition of their deaths and the family feud
    that finally ends.
  • Romeo and Juliet made a strong impression on its
    contemporary audiences, just as it still
    profoundly stirs the audiences of today.

Modern Day Presentations
  • 1996 Version
  • 1968 Version (Starring Leonard Whiting and Olivia

The Death of a Literary Genius
  • "Cowards die many times before their deathsThe
    valiant never taste of death but once."
  • -William Shakespeare, "Julius Caesar,
  • Act II, Sc. 2, line 32."

  • Shakespeare allegedly died on his birthday, April
    23, 1616, though this is probably more romantic
    myth than fact.
  • Nonetheless, Shakespeare was interred at Holy
    Trinity in Stratford-upon-Avon on April 25 of
    that year.
  • Shakespeares last verse on his epitaph
  • Good friend, for Jesus sake forbeare
  • To dig the dust enclosed here.
  • Blessed be the man that spares these stones,
  • And cursed be he that moves my bones.

  • Chew, Robin. Lucid Interactive. Sept. 1995. 17
    Jan. 2005. ltwww.lucidcafe.com/ library/
    95sep/elizabeth.html gt.
  • Leary, Penn. Shakespeares Signatures. 2004. 17
    Jan. 2005. lthttp//home.att.net/tleary/sigs.htmgt.
  • Pressley, J. M. "An Encapsulated Biography."
    Shakespeare Resource Center. 12 Sept. 2001. 17
    Jan. 2005. lthttp//www.bardweb.net/man.htmlgt.
  • Pringle, Marian. Romeo and Juliet. Shakespeare
    Birthplace Trust. 17 Jan. 2005.
    http//www.shakespeare.org. uk/main/1/182.
  • Shakespeare, William. Romeo and Juliet. Elements
    of Literature. 2005. Boston Holt Reinhard,
  • William Shakespeare. Britannica Online. 2005.
    Encyclopedia Britannica. 18 Jan. 2005.

  • Fin

This has been a Sarah Ballew Presentation.
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