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Adulthood and Aging

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Title: Psychology Author: Home Last modified by: aphs.andesje Created Date: 3/11/2003 2:17:26 AM Document presentation format: On-screen Show Company – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Adulthood and Aging


1
Adulthood and Aging
  • Module 06

2
Social Clock
  • The culturally (societys) preferred timing of
    social events such as marriage, parenthood, and
    retirement
  • The best timing for certain life events
  • The timing varies from culture to culture.

3
Emerging Adulthood
  • Developmental period between adolescence and
    adulthood

4
Physical Changes and Transitions Middle
Adulthoods Physical Changes
  • Module 6 Adult and Aging

5
Menopause
  • The time of natural cessation of menstruation
  • Referred to as the biological changes a woman
    experiences as her ability to reproduce declines
  • Usually occurs between age 45 and 55
  • Does not usually lead to depression

6
Physical Changes and Transitions Later
Adulthoods Physical Changes
  • Module 6 Adult and Aging

7
Physical Changes Vision
8
Physical Changes Sense of Smell
9
Physical Changes Hearing
10
Physical Changes Hearing
11
Cognitive Changes and Transitions Memory
  • Module 6 Adult and Aging

12
Aging and Memory
13
Cognitive Changes and Transitions Intelligence
  • Module 6 Adult and Aging

14
Fluid Intelligence
  • Ones ability to reason speedily and abstractly
  • Can be used to solve novel logic problems
  • Declines as people get older

15
Crystallized Intelligence
  • Ones accumulated knowledge and verbal skills
  • Tends to increase with age

16
Age and Verbal/Nonverbal Intelligence
17
Social Changes and Transitions Lifes
Commitments
  • Module 6 Adult and Aging

18
Erik Erikson
  • Constructed an 8-stage theory of social
    development
  • Each stage has its own psychosocial developmental
    task.
  • The last 4 stages deal with Adolescence through
    late adulthood.

19
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20
Generativity
  • Eriksons term for being productive and
    supporting future generations

21
Commitment to Work
  • Most high school/college students arent sure of
    their career goals.
  • Happiness seems to be correlated with work that
    is challenging, provides a sense of
    accomplishment, and is interesting.

22
Commitment to Love
  • An important factor in adult happiness
  • Lasting love includes
  • Intimate self-disclosure
  • Shared emotional and material support
  • Similar interests and values

23
Commitment to Marriage
  • 90 of the population gets married
  • 50 divorce rate
  • 75 of those who have divorced remarry

24
Commitment to Children
  • Children result in a change in the marital
    relationship
  • Potential disagreement on the division of labor
    with children

25
Empty Nest
  • The change married couples go through as a result
    of their children leaving home
  • Not necessarily a negative event for couples

26
A Lifetime of Well-Being
  • Module 6 Adult and Aging

27
Overall Life Satisfaction
  • Most studies show the elderly as happy and
    satisfied with life.
  • People tend to mellow with age.
  • Most regrets focus on what the person didnt do
    rather than mistakes they have made in life.

28
Overall Life Satisfaction
29
Death and Dying
  • Module 6 Adult and Aging

30
Death and Dying
  • In general, anxiety about dying tends to decrease
    in late adulthood
  • Kubler-Ross stages of dying
  • Denial
  • Anger
  • Bargain
  • Depression
  • Acceptance
  • Not universally demonstrated

31
Reactions to Death
  • Reactions to death are different from culture to
    culture.
  • Attitudes toward death and dying are changing in
    the United States. --more
    openness
    --facing death with dignity hospice helps

32
The End
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