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The Age of Jefferson

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The Age of Jefferson 1801-1812 Jefferson as President Making the presidency safe for democracy Initial acts Alien and Sedition Acts expire Naturalization Act of 1802 ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Age of Jefferson


1
The Age of Jefferson
  • 1801-1812

2
Jefferson as President
  • Making the presidency safe for democracy
  • Initial acts
  • Alien and Sedition Acts expire
  • Naturalization Act of 1802
  • Debt reduction
  • Albert Gallatin
  • Eliminates internal taxes (whiskey tax)
  • The Judiciary
  • Repealed Judiciary Act of 1801
  • Attempted (but failed) to remove justices by
    impeachment

We are all Republicans, we are all
Federalists. Thomas Jeffersons First
Inaugural Address
3
Marbury v. Madison (1803)
  • The case
  • 1801 William Marbury appointed Justice of the
    Peace (DC)
  • John Marshall (Adamss Secretary of State) does
    not sign commission
  • Madison (Jeffersons Secretary of State) does not
    sign his commission
  • Marbury wants a writ of mandamus
  • The court
  • Chief Justice Marshall
  • Recuse
  • The decision
  • The court does not have the power to issue a writ
    of mandamus
  • BUT it does have power to interpret the
    Constitution
  • Judicial review

4
Louisiana Purchase
  • 1800 France acquires Louisiana from Spain
  • Haiti
  • Toussaint LOuverture
  • Slave rebellion
  • New Orleans
  • Robert Livingston and James Monroe
  • Purchase for up to 10 million
  • 1803 - Napoleon offers to sell all of Louisiana
  • 11.25 million
  • Assume French debt (3.75 million)
  • Total 15 million

"By enlarging the empire of liberty we provide
new sources of renovation, should its principles,
at any time, degenerate, in those portions of our
country which gave them birth.
Thomas Jefferson
5
The Louisiana Purchase
  • Final cost
  • 828,000 miles2
  • 529,920,000 acres
  • 2.8/acre
  • Doubles size of country

"Let the Land rejoice, for you have bought
Louisiana for a Song. Gen. Horatio Gates
6
Lewis and Clark
  • Meriwether Lewis
  • William Clark
  • 1805-6
  • Purposes
  • Map the Missouri River
  • Northwest Passage
  • Scientific study
  • Corps of Discovery
  • Sacagawea

7
The Pike Expeditions
  • Zebulon Pike
  • James Wilkinson
  • Aaron Burr
  • 1806
  • Pikes Peak
  • Great American Desert

8
Barbary Pirates
9
The Duel
  • Essex Junto
  • New England Federalists
  • Secession
  • New York
  • Aaron Burr to run for governor
  • Hamilton criticizes Burr
  • Burr challenges Hamilton to duel
  • July 11, 1804
  • Cliffs of Weehawken
  • Got Milk?

A dangerous man, and one who ought not to be
trusted with the reigns of government.
Alexander Hamilton
10
The Election of 1804
  • Jefferson runs for second term
  • Jefferson - 162
  • Charles Pinckney - 14
  • Federalists
  • Moderates become Republicans
  • Main party localized to New England

11
Neutrality Endangered
  • France
  • Continental System (1806)
  • Britain
  • Orders in Council (1806)
  • France
  • Milan Decree (1807)
  • Other problems
  • Impressment
  • 1803-1812 6,000 sailors impressed
  • Chesapeake-Leopard Affair (1807)
  • 3 Americans killed, 18 wounded

Honest friendship with all nations, entangling
alliances with none Thomas Jeffersons First
Inaugural Address
12
America Responds
  • Non-Importation Act (1806)
  • Forbids specific British goods
  • Does not work
  • Embargo Act (1807)
  • All trade with Europe ended
  • Extended in 1808
  • Repealed in 1809
  • Non-Intercourse Act (1809)
  • Banned trade with Britain and France
  • Would reopen trade with whomsoever abandoned
    trade restrictions
  • Jefferson declines a third term
  • Madison becomes President
  • Virginia Dynasty
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