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What You Need to Know about the American Civil War for STAAR

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What You Need to Know about the American Civil War for STAAR L. Petersen Dates: 1861 - 1865 Names for the Union Yankees United States of America Blues Federals The ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: What You Need to Know about the American Civil War for STAAR


1
What You Need to Know about the American Civil
War for STAAR
L. Petersen
2
Dates
  • 1861 - 1865

3
Names for the Union
  • Yankees
  • United States of America
  • Blues
  • Federals
  • The North

4
Names for the Confederacy
  • Confederacy
  • Confederate States of America
  • Grays
  • Rebels
  • The South

5
Presidents
  • US Abraham Lincoln
  • Capital Washington, DC
  • Confederacy Jefferson Davis
  • Capital Richmond, VA

6
Views of Civil War
  • South states rights was their justification
  • Union
  • First - To preserve the Union
  • Much Later to free slaves

7
Northern Advantages
  • Larger population (North 22 Million, South 9
    million including 3.5 million slaves)

8
Northern Advantages
  • Most of the nations mineral deposits iron,
    coal, copper, and other precious metals
  • More factories - 86 of nations factories
    located in the North

9
Northern Advantages
  • More Railroads The North had 2.5 times the
    railroad mileage as the South
  • U.S. Navy Almost 90 of the U.S. ships stayed
    with the Union.

10
Northern Advantages
  • Leadership of Abraham Lincoln - Lincoln pulled
    the nation through the most difficult time in its
    existence. A lesser man would not have been able
    to do that.

11
Southern Advantages
  • Generals many West Point trained
  • 1/3 of the career officers in the U.S. Army
    resigned to join the Confederacy

12
Southern Advantages
  • Fighting a Defensive War didnt have to invade
    North, just not lose
  • Northern troops did not know the territory
  • Northern troops far away from supply lines

13
Southern Advantages
  • Fighting for a Cause they believed in.
  • Southerners believed that they were fighting for
    liberty based on the ideas in the Declaration of
    Independence.

14
Southern Advantages
  • Leadership of Robert E. Lee - Inspired
    Confederate soldiers to fight on, despite the
    odds

15
Military Commanders
  • Union Ulysses S. Grant
  • Confederacy Robert E. Lee

16
Northern Strategy - Anaconda Plan
  • seize railroads Mississippi River to split
    Confederacy, cut off supplies
  • blockade ports
  • capture Richmond

17
Southern Strategy
  • fight a defensive war, hold on until the North
    gave up
  • capture Washington, DC.

18
Abraham Lincolns Speeches
  • Emancipation Proclamation - freed slaves in
    rebelling states, NOT in border states
  • Added abolition of slavery to war aims
  • After Antietam

19
Abraham Lincolns Speeches
  • Gettysburg Address at dedication of Gettysburg
    battle site as national cemetery said they were
    fighting to save the Union and democracy

20
Gettysburg Address
  • Read the text at
  • http//showcase.netins.net/web/creative/lincoln/sp
    eeches/gettysburg.htm

http//showcase.netins.net/web/creative/lincoln/sp
eeches/gettysburg.htm
21
Abraham Lincolns Speeches
  • 2nd Inaugural Address -encouraged everyone to
    think of the Union, wanted to bring the country
    back together peacefully

22
2nd Inaugural Address
  • Read the text at http//www.bartleby.com/124/pres3
    2.html

http//www.bartleby.com/124/pres32.html
23
Important Events Battles
  • Ft. Sumter - First battle
  • Antietam - Emancipation Proclamation issued after
    this battle new emphasis on fighting to free
    slaves keeps European nations out of the civil
    war

24
Important Events Battles
  • Vicksburg Union captured the last Confederate
    stronghold on the Mississippi River Union
    controls Mississippi River

25
Important Events Battles
  • Gettysburg - turning point of the war , North
    slowly gets the advantage as Southern casualties
    grow Gettysburg Address follows it

26
Important Events Battles
  • Appomattox Courthouse, VA- Lee surrenders to U.S.
    Grant, ending the war
  • South loses

27
Reconstruction
  • The period of reuniting the country after the
    Civil War.
  • Much bitterness felt by the South lasted for
    generations

28
Lincoln Assassinated
  • John Wilkes Booth Southerner
  • Made Reconstruction harder on the South
  • Lincoln had wanted peace
  • People wanted to punish the South after his death

29
Reconstruction
  • Seceding states had to go through a process to be
    formally readmitted into the Union
  • Confederate officers lost citizenship until
    pardoned

30
Reconstruction Amendments
  • 13 freed slaves
  • 14 gave former slaves citizenship (also had
    details about citizenship for former Confederates)

31
Reconstruction Amendments
  • 15 right to vote guaranteed to all races (aimed
    at African Americans)

Free Citizens Vote
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