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Review: Youth Fitness

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Title: Chapter 1 Author: University of North Texas Last modified by: Suzan Ayers Created Date: 5/12/1998 2:15:30 PM Document presentation format: On-screen Show (4:3) – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Review: Youth Fitness


1
Review Youth Fitness
  • Skill- Health-related fitness
  • Involvement in PA over time/with age
  • 2008 PA guidelines
  • Recommendations?
  • Value?
  • Norm- Criterion-referenced standards

2
  • Psychological Measurements in
  • Sport and Exercise

HPHE 3150 Dr. Ayers
3
Psychological FactorsAffecting Sport Performance
  • Anxiety
  • Concentration
  • Confidence
  • Motivation
  • Mental preparation
  • Personality

4
Affective Domain
  • Trait vs. State
  • Stable/Consistent Situational
  • General vs. Sport Specific
  • TEOSQ Anxiety Assessment for Wrestlers
  • Dimensionality
  • Hard to isolate one component of most
    characteristics

5
Cautions
  • Measurement errors
  • One's own knowledge/limitations
  • Test purpose
  • Used how? Shared with whom?
  • Validated for sample/situation intended
  • Team selection
  • Participant feedback

6
Measurement in theAffective Domain
Quantitative (s) Qualitative (text)
Quantitative (s) Likert scales (1-5)
Semantic Differential (slow-fast)
7
Likert Scales
  • Assume equal response intervals
  • Widely used in attitude inventories
  • Allow wider choice of expression than Y/N
  • Using multiple intervals can improve reliability
    (to a point 5-7 max)

8
Table 12.2 Scaled Responses
1 2 3 4 5
Never Sometimes Often Frequently Always

1 2 3 4 5
Strongly agree Agree No opinion Disagree Strongly disagree

1 2 3 4 5 6 7
Always Never

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11
Agree Disagree

1 2 3 4 5
Not important at all Extremely important
9
Semantic Differential Scales
  • Use bipolar adjectives (extremes)
  • Choose point between extremes to reflect feelings
  • Three factors measured with these scales
  • Evaluation (degree of goodness)
  • Potency (strength of concept being rated)
  • Activity (describe action)

10
Semantic Differential
Evaluation (degree of goodness) Pleasant Unpleasa
nt Fair Unfair Honest Dishonest Good Bad Succe
ssful Unsuccessful Useful Useless
11
Semantic Differential
Potency (strength of concept) Strong Weak Hard S
oft Heavy Light Dominant Submissive Rugged Deli
cate Dirty Clean
12
Semantic Differential
Activity (describe action) Steady Nervous Happy
Sad Active Passive Dynamic Static Stationary Mo
ving Fast Slow
13
Table 12.3Semantic Differential Scales
Physical Activity Physical Activity Physical Activity Physical Activity Physical Activity Physical Activity Physical Activity Physical Activity Physical Activity
Good __ __ __ __ __ __ __ Bad
Pleasant __ __ __ __ __ __ __ Unpleasant
Relaxed __ __ __ __ __ __ __ Tense
Hot __ __ __ __ __ __ __ Cold
Healthy __ __ __ __ __ __ __ Unhealthy
Nice __ __ __ __ __ __ __ Awful
Delicate __ __ __ __ __ __ __ Rugged
Active __ __ __ __ __ __ __ Passive
14
Measurement in theAffective Domain
Qualitative (descriptors) Interviews Good
listener Tape record or take notes Observation V
ideotape Be unobtrusive
15
Scales used in Sport andExercise Psychology
  • Sport Competition Anxiety Scale (p. 331)
  • Competitive State Anxiety Inventory 2 (p.
    333-3)
  • Attitudes Toward Physical Activity (p. 357)
  • Children's Attitude Toward Physical Activity (p.
    337)
  • Physical Estimation and Attraction Scale (p. 338)
  • Trait and State Sport Confidence Inventories (p.
    340)
  • Group Environment Questionnaire (p. 341 Ex Phys)

16
Kenyons Attitude TowardPhysical Activity (ATPA)
6 Dimensions of ATPA
  • Social experience
  • Health and Fitness
  • Pursuit of vertigo (thrill/excitement)
  • Aesthetic experience
  • Catharsis
  • Ascetic experience (self-denial work)

17
General Psychological Scales Used inSport and
Exercise
  • Self-Motivation Inventory (p. 344 useful for Ex
    Phys program leaders ? drop-outs)
  • Profile of Mood States (p. 346 individualize)
  • Test of Attentional and Interpersonal Style
    (p.347)
  • Width (broad to narrow)
  • Direction (internal to external)

18
Stages of Change for Exerciseand Physical
Activity (p. 349)
  • Precontemplation No intention to change behavior
  • Contemplation Intention to change behavior
  • Preparation Preparing for action
  • Action Involved in behavior change
  • Maintenance Sustain behavior change
  • As a fitness leader in a corporate wellness
    program, how could the SOC help you increase
    employee participation in PA program?

19
  • Tell a friend one thing you can use psychological
    assessments for in your profession.
  • Decide what tool you would realistically use and
    bring a copy of that inventory to next class
  • COMPLETE instrument
  • Administration instructions
  • Scoring instructions tally sheet (if needed)
  • Validity reliability information
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