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St. Antony of the Desert

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St. Antony of the Desert Antony of Egypt Born ca.251 Herakleopolis Magna, Egypt Died 356 Mount Colzim, Egypt In art: bell; pig; book; Cross of Tau Life of Anthony ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: St. Antony of the Desert


1
St. Antony of the Desert
2
Antony of Egypt
  • Born ca.251 Herakleopolis Magna, Egypt
  • Died 356 Mount Colzim, Egypt
  • In art bell pig book Cross of Tau

3
Life of Anthony
  • written in Greek around 360 by Athanasius of
    Alexandria
  • Sometime before 374, it was translated into Latin
    by Evagrius of Antioch. The Latin translation
    helped the Life become one of the best known
    works of literature in the Christian world, a
    status it would hold through the Middle Ages.
  • In addition to the Life, several surviving
    homilies and epistles of varying authenticity
    provide some additional autobiographical detail.

4
  • The term "Father of Monasticism" is misleading,
    as Christian monasticism was already being
    practiced in the deserts of Egypt. Ascetics
    commonly retired to isolated locations on the
    outskirts of cities.
  • Anthony is notable for being one of the first
    ascetics to attempt living in the desert proper,
    completely cut off from civilization. His
    lifestyle was remarkably harsher than that of his
    predecessors.
  • There had already existed the Therapeutae, pagan
    ascetic hermits and loosely organized cenobitic
    communities, like the Essenes. By the 2nd century
    there were also famous Christian ascetics.
  • Saint Anthony decided to follow this tradition
    and headed out into the alkaline desert region
    called Nitria in Latin (Wadi El Natrun today),
    about 95 km (59 mi) west of Alexandria, some of
    the most rugged terrain of the Western Desert.
  • Here he remained for some 13 years.

5
  • He was secretly buried on the mountain-top where
    he had chosen to live.
  • His remains were reportedly discovered in 361,
    and transferred to Alexandria. Some time later,
    they were taken from Alexandria to
    Constantinople, so that they might escape the
    destruction being perpetrated by invading
    Saracens.
  • Later, in the eleventh century, the emperor gave
    them to the French count Jocelin. Jocelin had
    them transferred to La-Motte-Saint-Didier, which
    was then renamed Saint-Antoine-en-Dauphiné.

6
  • There, Anthony is credited with assisting in a
    number of miraculous healings, primarily from
    ergotism (poisoning from fungus in rye), which
    became known as "St. Anthony's Fire".
  • He was credited by two local noblemen of
    assisting them in recovery from the disease. They
    then founded the Hospital Brothers of St. Anthony
    in honour of him.
  • He is regarded as the "first master of the desert
    and the pinnacle of holy monks", however, and
    there are monastic communities of the Maronite,
    Chaldean, and Orthodox churches which state that
    they follow his monastic rule.

7
TEMPTATIONS OF ST. ANTONY
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