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AGE OF REVOLUTION

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AGE OF REVOLUTION INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION Opening Activity I will assign each student one word from the list of 16 important terms from the Industrial Revolution to define. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: AGE OF REVOLUTION


1
AGE OF REVOLUTION
  • INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION

2
Opening Activity
  • I will assign each student one word from the list
    of 16 important terms from the Industrial
    Revolution to define.
  • When everyone is finished you will stand up and
    give the rest of the class the definition you
    wrote.
  • Remember to write a definition that everyone will
    understand and that is appropriate for this topic

3
Industrial Revolution
  • Before we talk about the Industrial Revolution we
    must first talk about the events that led up to
    the Revolution

4
Agrarian Revolution
  • Definition a change in the way food was produced

5
Agrarian Revolution
  • Changes that occurred
  • Enclosed fields
  • Crop Rotation
  • Better Animal Breeding
  • New Machinery

6
Agrarian Revolution
  • Enclosed Fields
  • MADE FARM WORK MORE EFFICIENT
  • Replaced many small strip farms with large field

7
Agrarian Revolution
  • Crop Rotation
  • INCREASED CROP PRODUCTION IN EACH FIELD
  • Farmers would or grow a different type of crop on
    the same field
  • RESTORES NUTRIENTS

8
Agrarian Revolution
  • Better Animal Breeding
  • MORE FOOD PRODUCED PER ANIMAL
  • Farmers only allowed their best animals to breed
    together

9
Agrarian Revolution
  • New Machinery
  • MORE FOOD USING LESS WORKERS
  • Dikes to protect farmland from the sea
  • Use of fertilizer
  • Seed drill planted seeds in rows

10
Agrarian Revolution
RESULTS
  • More food produced using less farm workers
  • Former farm workers became available to work in
    factories
  • Extra food could feed the urban populations
  • Population of society grew tremendously

11
INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION
  • A CHANGE in the way things were made

12
INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION
  • Domestic System of making products
  • AT HOME
  • BY HAND
  • ONE PERSON
  • THINK YOU CAN MAKE A LOT OF MONEY????

13
INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION
  • Factory System of Making Products
  • -IN A FACTORY -BY MACHINE -MANY PEOPLE

14
INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION
  • What a nation needs to have industry
  • Capital---MONEY
  • Labor ForceWORKERS
  • Transportation System---To get materials to the
    factory and the products to the market
  • Raw Materials--- examples coal, iron ore, wool,
    and cotton
  • Market---Place to sell your product

15
INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION
How industrialization affected society.
  • Urbanization
  • People moving into cities too quickly
  • Overcrowding
  • Unsafe living conditions

16
INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION
How Industrialization Affected Society??
  • Working Conditions
  • Child labor- kids could be paid less
  • Long hours- 12-16 hour days
  • Dangerous Conditions- unsafe machines

17
INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION
How Industrialization Affected Society??
  • Changing Social Roles
  • Womeneither run the household or work long hours
    for little pay
  • Familylower class family life suffered
  • Children---poor living conditions, child labor,
    unhealthy living

18
INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION
How Industrialization affected Society????
  • Transportation-greatly improved
  • Better Roads
  • Canals and railroads were built
  • Steam Engine increased speed and options
  • Opened more MARKETS

19
Reactions to the Industrial Revolution
LIBERALISM VS CONSERVATISM
  • Liberals
  • --want change
  • --new republics
  • --Laissez-Faire Economy

Conservatives --want stability (no change) --old
monarchies --Nobles (govt) controls economy
20
Reactions to the Industrial Revolution
  • Adam Smith
  • Wrote THE WEALTH OF NATIONS
  • Introduced Laissez-Faire
  • Was he a liberal or conservative???

21
Reactions to the Industrial Revolution
  • 3 Natural Laws of Economics
  • Law of Self Interestpeople work for their own
    good
  • Law of CompetitionCompetition forces people to
    make a better product
  • Law of Supply and DemandEnough goods would be
    produced at the lowest possible price to meet
    demand

22
Reactions to the Industrial Revolution
  • Thomas Malthus
  • Social Conservative
  • Argued that population tended to increase more
    rapidly than the food supply
  • Therefore without wars and epidemics to kill off
    the extra people, people were destine to be poor
    and miserable.
  • poor people would continue to suffer as long as
    the population keeps rising

23
Reactions to the Industrial Revolution
  • Charles Darwin
  • Wrote THE ORIGIN OF SPECIES-theory of Evolution
  • Natural Selection-survival of the fittest

24
Reactions to the Industrial Revolution
  • Social Darwinism theory of Evolution is applied
    to the following
  • Business justification for owners to do whatever
    they had to do
  • Nationalism in war?win or be defeated
  • Society excuse for racial prejudice

25
Reactions to the Industrial Revolution
  • Socialism economic system?society owns business
    everyone shares work and profits

26
Reactions to the Industrial Revolution
  • Utopian Socialism
  • When people wanted to create self-supporting
    societies
  • Everyone shared everything
  • Goal?peaceful, equal society

27
Reactions to the Industrial Revolution
  • Marxist Socialism
  • Begun by Karl Marx?wrote Communist Manifesto
  • Workers of the world should unite and overthrow
    business owners through revolution
  • Goal?end capitalism, create a socialist
    (CLASSLESS) society

28
!!!!NOTICE!!!!
  • Skip to the part of the notes under GLOBAL
    MIGRATIONS!!!!

29
Global Migrations
SOCIAL CAUSES
  • Population Growth
  • Poor Living Conditions
  • Poor Working Situations

30
Global Migrations
POLITICAL CAUSES
  • People were leaving monarchies and wanting
    democracies

31
Global Migrations
IMPROVED TRANSPORTATION
  • Expanded the search for raw materials
  • Expanded the creation of new markets
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