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Europe and the Congress of Vienna

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Europe and the Congress of Vienna September 1814-June 1815 Background from Sept., 1814 to June, 1815, a meeting to restore order & stability in Europe after 25 yrs ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Europe and the Congress of Vienna


1
Europe and the Congress of Vienna
  • September 1814-June 1815

2
Background
  • from Sept., 1814 to June, 1815, a meeting to
    restore order stability in Europe after 25 yrs.
    of war
  • nearly every European nation sent delegates, but
    Austria, Russia, England did the main work
  • Prince Klemens von Metternich Austriaheaded
    the CofV
  • Czar Alexander IRussia
  • Lord Robert CastlereaghEngland
  • Prince Maurice de Talleyrand represented France

3
Metternich Dominated
  • Was the chief minister of
  • Austria
  • Disliked democratic ideals of French Revolution.
  • Wanted Old Regime of class distinction, absolute
    monarchy and empire

4
Metternichs Goals
  • To strengthen the countries around France.
  • Balance of Power no one dominates.
  • Legitimacy Restore royal families to their
    throne.

5
Contempt for the Ideas of French Revolution
  • Denial of Democracy Hereditary rulers
  • Denial of Nationalism
  • Belgians, Poles, Finns, Norwegians given to
    foreign governments
  • Italy and Germany divided

6
Goals
  • to achieve stability, Europe should be restored
    to the way it was before the French Revolution
  • this would done through
  • compensation all countries would be repaid for
    their expenses while fighting the French
  • legitimacy the rightful rulers would be
    restored to their thrones
  • balance of power

7
Agreements Reached
  • redrawing the map of Europe
  • Austria gained Lombardy Venetia
  • Prussia gained territory along the Rhine River
  • Russia took over most of Poland
  • establishment of buffer states, or neutral
    territories, surrounding France

8
Political Philosophies
  • radicalism want immediate changes at any cost
    (the Far Left)
  • liberalism belief in the individual freedoms
    democratic reforms (the Left)
  • moderate open to minor changes (the Middle)
  • conservatism belief that supports traditional
    order resists changes (the Right)
  • reactionary wants a return to past policies
    opposes all changes (the Far Right)

9
Congress of Vienna Foldable Due at the beginning
of class Wednesday!
  • Cover
  • Title Congress of Vienna
  • a subtitle (you have to come up with this)
  • Dates
  • Page 1 Goals of COV
  • Pages 2-5
  • Radical, Liberal, Moderate, Conservative,
    Reactionary
  • Page 6 Who is Metternich
  • Final Page Summarize the COV
  • Each page should have 1 picture

10
Congress of Vienna Dailies
  • When was the Congress of Vienna held?
  • What were the three major goals of the COV?
  • Describe the people in charge of the Congress.
  • What was the Continental System?
  • What was the Hundred Days?

11
Dailies One of these things doesnt belong
  • Explain historically which one of these things
    doesnt belong
  • Compensation
  • Legitimacy
  • Buffer States
  • Balance of Power
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