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The Late Middle Ages

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Title: The Late Middle Ages Author: Student Last modified by: James Orff Created Date: 10/21/2005 11:28:36 AM Document presentation format: On-screen Show (4:3) – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Late Middle Ages


1
The Late Middle Ages
2
Culture of the High Middle Ages
  • Universities
  • Latin word universitas corporation or guild
  • Basis for modern universities
  • Lecture to read
  • Liberal arts education, took 4 to 6 years
  • Scholasticism
  • Attempt to show that religious teachings were the
    same as reason and science
  • Show that Christian teachings would fit works of
    the classical Greeks

3
Culture of the High Middle Ages
  • Vernacular
  • Latin language of church and schools
  • Vernacular is the language of the local area
    (Spanish, French, etc.)
  • Shift to more works in an areas vernacular
  • Architecture
  • Focus on building churches and castles
  • Romanesque in the style of Roman Empire
  • Gothic

4
Changes in Europe
  • Reached peak in the 13th Century
  • 13th-14th century saw changes
  • Plague
  • Warfare
  • Decline of the church
  • Decline and collapse of feudalism

5
The Black Death (Plague)
  • Bubonic plague most common (Yersinia pestis)
  • Carried by fleas on black rats
  • Brought by traders from the middle east
  • Italian cities 50 60 death rate
  • 1347 1351 19 38 million people die
  • People felt it was sent by God or work of the
    devil
  • Flagellants
  • Anti-Semitism accused Jews of causing,
    persecuted (Medieval Holocaust)
  • Destroyed trade and the feudal system

6
Decline of the Church
  • King Philip IV of France and Pope Bonafice
  • Resulted in papacy moving to Avignon, France
  • Papacy became controlled by the French kings from
    1305 1378
  • The Great Schism (1378 1417)
  • Two popes, one elected in Rome one in Avignon
    (each claimed the other was the Antichrist)

7
The Hundred Years War
  • 1337 King Philip VI of France seized Gascony
    from King Edward III of England
  • French army relied mostly on heavily armed
    knights
  • English army had knights, but also had peasant
    foot soldiers trained with longbows
  • 1346 Battle of Crecy
  • English victory because of longbows
  • 1415 Battle of Agincourt
  • French lose 1,500 nobles
  • English controlled northern France

8
The Hundred Years War
  • Joan of Arc (1412 1431)
  • Peasant who said that visions of saints had told
    her to free France
  • 1429 convinced King Charles to allow her to
    travel with the army to Orleans
  • French victories followed
  • Captured by the English, tried and burned at the
    stake for being a witch
  • French finally claim victory in 1453
  • Cannon and gunpowder helped

9
Political Instability
  • Feudal system dissolves
  • New Monarchies in Western Europe
  • King Louis XI in France
  • England War of the Roses (civil war)
  • Tudor Dynasty (Henry VII)
  • Spain Ferdinand and Isabella
  • Drove out Muslims in 1492
  • Forced Jews and Muslims to convert to Catholicism
  • Eastern and Central Europe
  • Holy Roman Empire Hapsburgs rule area known as
    Austria
  • Russia Ivan III
  • Ottoman Empire takes over Byzantine Empire (1453)
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