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Action Plan To Upgrade All Informal Settlements In Dar Es Salaam By 2015

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Ensuring linkages between Citywide Action Plan and World Bank-financed Community Infrastructure ... Review and operationalise urban upgrading policies and ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Action Plan To Upgrade All Informal Settlements In Dar Es Salaam By 2015


1
Action Plan To Upgrade All Informal Settlements
In Dar Es Salaam By 2015
CDS/Slum Upgrading
Sub-Saharan Africa Tanzania
Summary
Dar es Salaam City Council and the three
municipalities of Ilala, Kinondoni and Temeke are
taking comprehensive steps to address the
challenges of unplanned and unserviced
settlements on a citywide basis, working with the
urban poor and the private sector with a goal of
achieving a Dar es Salaam without slums by 2015.

Activities
Objectives
  • Stakeholder consultations (with NGOs, CBOs,
    local authorities, national Government and
    private sector) to identify priorities and
    develop a Citywide Action Plan for upgrading
    interventions, including phasing, costing and
    financing options, and capacity building needs
  • Social and physical mapping of unplanned and
    unserviced settlements
  • Targeted capacity building for the City and three
    Municipalities
  • Ensuring linkages between Citywide Action Plan
    and World Bank-financed Community Infrastructure
    Upgrading Programme
  • Develop a sustainable financing strategy with
    relevant institutions and stakeholders. Hold
    resource mobilisation sessions.
  • Review and operationalise urban upgrading
    policies and design a Citywide Action Plan for
    the regularisation and upgrading of unplanned and
    unserviced settlements in Dar es Salaam
  • Enable local government to adopt and implement
    reforms necessary to effect a city-wide approach
    and strengthen existing community capacity to
    organise and undertake broad-based initiatives to
    enhance poverty reduction and urban safety
  • Design a long-term sustainable financing strategy
    for settlement upgrading, to maximise Dar es
    Salaam's leveraging potential through a judicious
    mix of budgetary support, domestic investment,
    new revenue streams and international assistance.

Submission
Budget and Time
Implementation
Request to CA 360,000Co-financing
410,000Total Budget 770,000
Submitted by Dar Es Salaam City Council
Duration 36 months
Implemented by UN-Habitat, Dar Es Salaam City
Council,Three Municipalities CA Monitor W.
Cobbett
CA Sponsor UN-Habitat, World Bank with Sida,
CIDA French Co-operation
Expected Impact and Results
(i) Social and physical mapping will provide a
comprehensive overview of the challenge of
settlements upgrading in Dar es Salaam (ii) An
Action Plan that defines priorities, which will
be widely shared with the urban poor (iii) Local
authorities will be able to implement upgrading
and regularisation programmes and allocate new
serviced land and communities will be able to
organise themselves for collective action in
collaboration with local authorities and (iv)
Financial mechanisms for citywide upgrading will
be in place, with local, national and
international financial resources required for
large-scale upgrading identified.
2
Housing Upgrading Finance Initiative
Slum Upgrading
Sub-Saharan Africa Multi-Country
Summary
The overall objective of this activity is to
facilitate the development of appropriate housing
finance products to support upgrading activities
in four African countries.
Activities
Objectives
  • Establish housing finance fora to facilitate
    dialogue between a wide spectrum of financial
    intermediators
  • Identify and analyse regulatory frameworks
    impacting on the upgrading of informal
    settlements and lending activities
  • Establish a dialogue between housing fora and
    national government departments
  • Generate an accurate assessment of scale and
    location of informal settlements, and develop a
    lending profile of inhabitants
  • Develop demand-driven housing finance products
    appropriate to local contexts.
  • To facilitate improved lending to low-income
    households in select countries, through
    identifying the essential features of a
    supportive policy environment
  • To promote improved understanding between lenders
    and borrowers, including respective rights and
    responsibilities
  • To identify specific mechanisms for improving
    access to savings and credit
  • To identify and/or design appropriate
    non-mortgage based vehicles for reaching the
    urban poor.

Submission
Budget and Time
Implementation
CA Sponsor World Bank, USAID, AfD
Request to CA 246,600Co-financing
140,000 Total Budget 386,600
Submitted by African Union for Housing Finance
Duration Two years
Implemented by World Bank CA MonitorWilliam
Cobbett
Expected Impact and Results
  • Development of appropriate housing finance
    products to support upgrading programmes in the
    four countries
  • Development of new relationships / partnerships
    between housing finance institutions and
    municipalities
  • Identification of necessary improvements to
    regulatory frameworks.

3
Integrated Approaches to Poverty Reduction
Cities Without Slums Initiative
Slum Upgrading
East Asia and the Pacific Philippines
Summary
This initiative will provide assistance to local
governments in institutionalising an asset-based
approach to poverty reduction.
Activities
Objectives
  • The shelter and upgrading component will assist
    local government units and communities to
    instiutionalise a citywide process
  • The social development component will assist
    access to services and the strengthening of
    social networks
  • The income security component will utilise a
    variety of strategies to foster improved
    livelihood opportunities
  • The policy learning component will strengthen
    project monitoring arrangements and facilitate
    improved policy analysis.
  • Assist local governments in the implementation of
    national upgrading policy
  • Provide for extensions of, and linkages to, ADB
    and World Bank investments
  • To institutionalise the process and lessons
    through the Philippines Urban Forum
  • Assist the poor to obtain access to secure
    tenure, essential services and livelihood
    opportunities
  • Assist the Philippines Government to meet targets
    set by the Millennium Development Goals.

Submission
Budget and Time
Implementation
CA Sponsor ADB, UN-Habitat, World Bank
Request to CA 500 000Co-financing 1,225
000 Total Budget 1,725,000
Submitted by Housing and Urban Development
Coordinating Council
Duration Two years
Implemented by UN-Habitat CA Monitor William
Cobbett
Expected Impact and Results
  • Improved income generation for local communities
  • Improvements in housing conditions, and improved
    asset base for urban poor residents
  • Improved access to social services, including
    childrens access to education
  • Improved professional competence of affected
    local governments.

4
Transformation of Mumbai into a World Class City
CDS/Slum Upgrading
South Asia India
Summary
This proposal is to support the process of
transformation of Mumbai into a world-class city
with the objective of improving economic growth,
reducing poverty and enhancing quality of life,
especially for slum dwellers.
Activities
Objectives
  • Build city-based consensus for proposed
    transformation including public and political
    support
  • Implementation of quick wins, including
    rehabilitation of eligible pavement dwellers
  • Analysis of existing institutional, policy and
    financing frameworks and development of proposals
    for necessary reforms
  • Develop a comprehensive strategy for improving
    slum conditions
  • Develop a sustainable implementation framework
    including staffing and financing framework to
    achieve the transformation
  • Develop long-term and comprehensive set of
    actions required for the transformation sought.
  • Promote a change in mind set from incremental
    improvement to more long-term impacts
  • Restructure institutional framework to promote
    accountability, with efficient and responsive
    service delivery
  • Increase economic growth from current 2.4 to
    8-10 per annum
  • Improve and expand mass and private transport
    infrastructure
  • Dramatically increase low-income housing and
    affordability and relocate and rehabilitate
    slums and pavement dwellers
  • Create dedicated Mumbai Infrastructure Fund
  • Generate momentum through quick wins for
    visible impacts on the ground.

Submission
Budget and Time
Implementation
CA Sponsor World Bank, USAID, WSP, UMP
(UNDP/UN-Habitat)
Request to CA 495,000Co-financing
4,195,000Total Budget 4,690,000
Submitted by Government of Maharashtra
Duration 24 months
Implemented by Gov t of Maharashtra CA
Monitor William Cobbett
Expected Impact and Results
The long-term impact of the transformation will
be to create a world-class city, with success to
be measured through increased economic growth,
improved quality of life, including for eligible
pavement and sum dwellers, increased
participation of citizens and civic society in
the transformation process and increased
productive investments. As Mumbai is one of the
largest cities in the country, any positive
changes that occur are expected to breed success
in other cities, positively impacting the urban
fabric of the country and the region.
5
Hyderabad City-Wide Slum Upgrading Action Plan
Slum Upgrading
South Asia India
This initiative aims to develop an agreed, costed
and timetabled action plan for citywide upgrading
of the citys under-serviced settlements, to
enable Hyderabad to become a city without
slums.
Summary
Activities
Objectives
  • A city-wide survey of slums and informal
    settlements
  • A classification of slum types based on land
    tenure and settlement history, physical
    vulnerability with an analysis of options to
    improve security of tenure for the residents
  • Preparation of a draft analytical report on
    citywide options for slum upgrading, including
    cost implications and options for cost sharing or
    innovative financing mechanisms
  • Consultation on strategic options and drafting of
    an Action Plan by a multi-stakeholder Task Force.
  • Undertake a citywide survey of slums and informal
    settlements and prepare a strategy and action
    plan for their upgrading
  • Ensure a needs-based prioritisation of slum
    upgrading, including using approaches that have
    been developed by the DFID-supported Andhra
    Pradesh Urban Services for the Poor programme
  • Gather information on status of land tenure of
    settlements, obtain valid information on new
    settlements and the options for new in-migrants
    and extended family members of existing slums
    residents.

Submission
Budget and Time
Implementation
CA Sponsor World Bank, JICA, UMP (UN-Habitat),
the Netherlands, USAID, DFID
Request to CA 180,700Co-financing
233,500Total Budget 414,200
Submitted by Commissioner, Municipal Corporation
of Hyderabad
Duration 12 months
Implemented by Admin. Staff College of India CA
MonitorBilly Cobbett
Expected Impact and Results
(i) Encourage allocations for slum upgrading both
under APURMS and through the Municipal
Corporation of Hyderabads own budget resources,
to prioritise investment in the poorest and most
service deficient settlements in the city (ie.
needs-based). (ii) The enhancement of land tenure
security for slum residents is likely to result
in increased own investment in habitat
improvement. (iii) The Strategic Analysis Report
and its wide discussion, should encourage
difficult decisions to be taken by the city and
State authorities enabling a consensus Action
Plan for citywide upgrading and slum
regularisation to be adopted.
6
PPP for Provision of Sanitation Services in La
Cabima
Slum Upgrading
Latin America and the Caribbean - Panama
Summary
To design and implement a community-managed and
sustainable sanitation system in La Cabima,
within the framework of a city-wide programme,
for possible replication throughout Panama.
Activities
Objectives
  • In Phase 1, a detailed feasibility study,
    incorporating
  • Community survey, including capacity to pay
  • Identification of options
  • Design of a sustainable financial model
  • Identification of a management structure
  • Identification of appropriate land for a
    treatment site and
  • Undertaking of an environmental impact
    assessment.
  • In Phase 2, investment funds will be accessed
    from a variety of sources, public and private,
    and the approach will be utilised for replication
    elsewhere in the country.
  • To improve the quality of life and health
    conditions for the urban poor through a
    sustainable approach to sanitation
  • To protect the watershed supplying some 50 of
    Panama Citys water
  • To protect the quality of fresh water used by
    the Panama Canal transit, which is the primary
    source of national income and
  • To protect the Pacific Ocean Coastal Zones of
    the Gulf of Panama.

Submission
Budget and Time
Implementation
CA Sponsor USAID UNEP
Request to CA 500,000Co-financing
2,052,500 Total Budget 2,552,500
Submitted by Ministry of Health
Duration 24-36 months
Implemented by To be determined CA
MonitorWilliam Cobbett
Expected Impact and Results
  • Improvement in the daily living conditions of the
    residents of La Cabima, including decline in
    health problems
  • Improvement in the water quality for Panama City,
    and decline in the levels of pollution
  • Demonstrated financial viability and
    sustainability of a community-managed sanitation
    system.

7
National Urban Development Policy
Slum Upgrading
Latin America and the Caribbean - Brazil
Although Brazil has over 20 years of experience
in urban upgrading programmes for precarious
settlements developed by municipalities, States
and the Federal Government itself, it is not yet
ready to respond with the necessary actions on
land tenure regularisation and risk prevention.
This proposal aims to develop and promote a
planning methodology and instruments to encourage
action at the municipal level for land tenure
regularisation and risk mitigation as part of the
National Programme of Upgrading, Regularisation
and Integration of Informal Settlements.
Summary
Activities
Objectives
  • Formation of a National Network of Land Tenure
    Regularisation and Risk Prevention in Precarious
    Settlements, which will consider and revise
    federal legislation on land planning and
    regularisation
  • Based on past experiences of capacity building,
    establish a set of regional institutions for
    training local stakeholders on land tenure
    regularisation and risk assessment and
    prevention
  • Building upon the training activities, design
    municipal risk mitigation plans, to be piloted in
    five municipalities.
  • Structure and implement a national network on
    land tenure regularisation and risk prevention in
    precarious settlements to establish a space for
    public discussion and preparation of proposals
    for intervention
  • Develop methodologies and strategies for risk
    prevention and land tenure regularisation,
    focused on local government representatives and
    community leaders, through stages of conception,
    preparation and practical implementation and
    evaluation of manuals and training courses
  • Develop a methodology for the planning of the
    structural interventions for risk prevention in
    areas of municipal jurisdiction.

Submission
Budget and Time
Implementation
CA Sponsor World Bank, UN-Habitat, Italy
Request to CA 500,000Co-financing
782,000Total Budget 1,282,000
Submitted by National Secretary for Urban
Programs, Ministry of Cities
Duration 18 months
Implemented by World Bank CA Monitor William
Cobbett
Expected Impact and Results
The consolidation of the actions of prevention
and mitigation of risks in precarious
settlements and sustainable land tenure
regularisation, included in the Ministry of
Cities Urban Programme for Regularisation and
Integration of Precarious Settlements is expected
to result in the inclusion of land tenure
regularisation and risk prevention in municipal
policies of urban development the development of
planning activities for risk reduction reduction
of irregular land tenure and of risk and a
system for monitoring and evaluating actions of
risk prevention and sustainable land tenure
regularisation.
8
Medium to Long Term CDS for LED for Hodeidah and
Mukalla
CDS
Middle East and North Africa - Yemen
Summary
The Government of Yemen intends to transform its
strategic port cities into regional centres
of economic growth by creating environments
conducive to private sector investment and
development. The positive results of the current
CDS in Aden have encouraged the local authorities
of Hodeidah and Mukalla to join the efforts of
transforming their traditional master
plan-oriented urban planning approaches.
Activities
Objectives
  • Establishing an adequate organizational structure
    for CDS implementation
  • Analysis and mobilisation of local stakeholders
  • Analysis of the state of the city economy,
    including local revenue streams and actual
    competitive advantages
  • Development of a long-term vision
  • Elaboration of strategies and activities and
  • Evaluation of the progress and outcomes against
    the stated goals.

To develop a medium to long-term strategy for
local economic development to reduce poverty and
improve the quality of life in both cities. The
strategy will include an action plan for
equitable growth, developed and sustained through
stakeholders' participation.
Submission
Budget and Time
Implementation
CA Sponsor World Bank, UN-Habitat
Request to CA 200,000Co-financing
157,500Total Budget 357,500
Submitted by Governors of Hodeidah and Mukalla
Duration 24 months
Implemented by World Bank, AUDI CA
MonitorPeter Palesch
Expected Impact and Results
The proposed activity will integrate the cities
social, economic and environmental interests.
Among the impacts the medium to long term
strategy for local economic development aims to
achieve are enhanced living standards of the
citizens of Hodeidah and Mukalla balanced
regional and sectoral growth and giving the poor
a voice in the determination of their cities
future development as well as the creation of a
positive investment climate.
9
Partnership Framework Agreement for Cities
Without Slums Programme
Slum Upgrading
Middle East and North Africa - Morocco
The Framework Agreement sets the foundations for
a Cities Alliance partnership with Moroccos
Ministry of Housing and Urban Development for the
support and monitoring of the Governments
national Cities Without Slums Programme which
aims to gradually upgrade slums (200,000
households by 2010), taking the city as the
programming unit, within a contractual framework
between the State and local authorities.
Summary
Activities
Objectives
  • Draft a comprehensive technical assistance and
    training plan, create a Slum Observatory, and
    establish a Technical Monitoring Committee to
    ensure coordination and follow-up of CWSP
    implementation
  • Support to local stakeholders and intersectoral
    development structures, including support for the
    creation of a Cities Without Slums agency
    within the Directorate for Low-Income Housing and
    Real Estate
  • Use of information professionals and the media to
    design an Information and Communication Plan to
    share lessons of Moroccos CWSP experience with
    other countries.
  • Lay the foundations for a Cities
    Alliance-Ministry of Housing and Urban
    Development (MHU) partnership for the support and
    monitoring of the Cities Without Slums Programme
    (CWSP)
  • Provide advice and technical assistance to the
    MHU during implementation of the CWSP, and assist
    the MHU in the follow-up and evaluation of the
    Programme
  • Mobilise international support and national
    private investment for the CWSP
  • Help disseminate lessons learned by the
    Government in connection with the CWSP.

Submission
Budget and Time
Implementation
CA Sponsor USAID, UN-Habitat, AFD, World Bank
Request to CA 490,000Co-financing
525,000 Total Budget 1,015,000
Submitted by Minister in Office of PM
responsible for Housing and Urban Development
Duration Five to six years
Implemented by NENA/Urban Forum Holding Al
Omrane CA Monitor W. Cobbett
Expected Impact and Results
  • Slum upgrading initiatives under the CWSP target
    51 cities and 141,850 households, with a total
    investment of 7.4 million, including 3.3
    million from the State and 4 million from client
    households.

10
Establishing a Regional CDS Facility at AUDI,
Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
CDS
Middle East and North Africa - Regional
Summary
There is a growing demand by cities in the MENA
region to implement city development strategies.
The proposal by the Arab Urban Development
Institute (AUDI) to establish a regional CDS
Facility fills a critical need to assist towns
and cities of the MENA region in mobilising
resources and partners for the implementation of
CDS.
Activities
Objectives
  • Enhance knowledge sharing and connectivity among
    policy makers and practitioners
  • Three regional workshops intended to familiarise
    cities and to build local capacities in the CDS
    approach
  • Assist interested and committed cities in
    initiating and preparing CDSs
  • Engage local media and encourage participatory
    processes with civil society and the private
    sector
  • Document the lessons learned from each CDS and
    share them within the region.
  • Build the capacities of MENA cities and
    professionals in CDS related activities
  • Serve as a regional centre for CDS-related
    knowledge management, serving MENA cities,
    professionals, and research institutions
  • Assist MENA cities to prepare CDSs financed
    either entirely from national/local resources, or
    partially through external grants and/or loans,
    which AUDI would seek to mobilise as co-financing
    through regional donors and local governments
  • Assist MENA cities in identifying and recruiting
    regional or international consultants.

Submission
Budget and Time
Implementation
CA Sponsor World Bank
Request to CA 250,000Co-financing
190,000 Total Budget 440,000
Submitted by Arab Urban Development Institute
(AUDI)
Duration Time 2 years
Implemented by AUDI CA MonitorPeter Palesch
Expected Impact and Results
  • The Facility will be an effective tool in
    emphasising to policy makers in many cities the
    importance of having a development strategy to
    guide the city's development if effective results
    are to be attained
  • The interaction the proposed Facility will create
    amongst local officials in cities throughout the
    region will foster a competitive spirit and
    incite decision makers in MENA cities to improve
    the status of their cities compared to others in
    the region
  • More cities will be able to develop their own
    development strategies.

11
Capacity Enhancement for Direct Sub-Sovereign
Borrowing
Urban Finance
Global
The proposal aims to bridge the capacity and
information gaps that create barriers to direct
financial market access by urban local bodies
(ULBs) by assisting four public infrastructure
entities in (1) preparing a financing plan and
(2) in obtaining local and foreign currency
credit ratings from a recognised rating agency.
Summary
Activities
Objectives
  • Structuring financing plans for four PIEs
  • Provide technical assistance to the PIEs for
    acquiring a local and foreign currency credit
    rating
  • Prepare case studies on the four PIEs and
    disseminate the lessons learned by organizing a
    Workshop.
  • To enhance financial market access through the
    design of a financing plan and local and foreign
    currency ratings for four public infrastructure
    entities (PIEs)
  • Enhance direct access to private finance for
    PIEs, thereby making fiscal resources available
    for governments to pursue their socio-economic
    growth and poverty alleviation programmes
  • Enable PIEs to make sustained financial
    contributions within public investment components
    of PPP structures, leading to the long-term
    viability of such partnerships in infrastructure
    development and finance
  • Compile and disseminate the lessons learned.

Submission
Budget and Time
Implementation
CA Sponsor World Bank, USAID
Request to CA 75,000Co-financing
1,325,000Total Budget 1,400,000
Submitted by Infrastructure Economics and
Finance Department (World Bank)
Duration 14 months
Implemented by IEF CA MonitorK.Rajivan
Expected Impact and Results
(1) Contribute towards the development of
pioneering instruments for bridging the barriers
of urban local bodies to access capital markets.
(2) Such instruments would support direct lending
and credit enhancements to PIEs without the
requirement of sovereign guarantees.
12
Slum Upgrading Facility (SUF) Pilot Programme
Slum Upgrading
Global - Sub-Saharan Africa and South/East Asia
The Slum Upgrading Facility (SUF) aims to become
a dedicated, simple to access, support mechanism
for cities seeking access to financing for
citywide slum upgrading programmes. Conceived as
a programme managed by UN-HABITAT under its core
sub-programme on human settlements financing, the
SUF is proposed for adoption as a programme under
the umbrella of the Cities Alliance similar to
arrangements for the Community-Led Infrastructure
Financing Facility.
Summary
Activities
Objectives
  • A design phase, to enable the development of a
    project pipeline and the establishment of
    partnerships on the ground that will accelerate
    the pilot phase
  • Field test a small number of projects with
    selected city and/or national governments in
    Sub-Saharan Africa and South/East Asia.
  • To directly support the efforts of national
    governments and local authorities that have
    already made the decision to take decisive action
    to improve the conditions of their poorest
    residents, and which treat slum upgrading as part
    of their ongoing, core business
  • Provide technical assistance for project
    preparation and capacity building at a local
    level and be able to provide catalytic grant
    support and seed capital
  • Join up technical and financial resources in an
    innovative and project-driven manner.

Submission
Budget and Time
Implementation
CA Sponsor UN-Habitat, Sida, DFID
Request to CA 20,000,000Co-financing
10,500,000Total Budget 30,500,000
Submitted by DFID
Duration 3 Years
Implemented by UN-Habitat CA MonitorWilliam
Cobbett
Expected Impact and Results
The activities of the SUF will lead to the
development of sustainable financing mechanisms,
budgetary, policy and regulatory reform deepen
local capital markets that are so necessary for
slum upgrading and provide downstream
opportunities for new forms of output-based aid
approaches.
13
Municipal Finance Task Force
Urban Finance
Global
The proposal aims to establish a municipal
finance task force (MFTF) to assist cities and
national governments in identifying actions that
facilitate the flows of long-term domestic
private capital for investments in slum upgrading
and implementation of city development strategies.
Summary
Activities
Objectives
  • To assemble experts and practioners willing to
    donate their time to the work of the Task Force
  • To prepare discussion/guidance papers by drawing
    on the expertise of members
  • To prepare case studies of developing cities,
    countries or transactions where long-term private
    capital has been successfully mobilised in
    support of a citys development
  • To prepare a Municipal Finance Tool kit, based on
    the ideas developed in the guidance papers and
    case studies.
  • To identify measures to increase the flow of
    domestic long-term debt finance for support of
    slum upgrading and city development strategies in
    developing economies
  • To provide a framework for cities and national
    governments to facilitate debt flows
  • To add to existing knowledge by pooling
    experiences and drawing out lessons learnt from
    actual municipal finance and private capital
    mobilisation.

Submission
Budget and Time
Implementation
CA Sponsor USAID, DFID, AFD, Brazil,
UN-Habitat, World Bank, UCLG, ADB
Request to CA 302,000Co-financing
150,000Total Budget 452,000
Submitted by USAID
Duration Two Years
Implemented by IADF CA MonitorK.Rajivan
Expected Impact and Results
The guidance papers and tool kits prepared by the
Task Force will help developing cities to be
better able to mobilise long-term private capital
for their slum upgrading programmes and
implementation of their city development
strategies.
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