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Mandate of Heaven and the Dynastic Cycle

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Mandate of Heaven and the Dynastic Cycle Mandate of Heaven The belief that heaven granted a ruler a mandate or divine right to rule Linked Power and ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Mandate of Heaven and the Dynastic Cycle


1
Mandate of Heaven and the Dynastic Cycle
2
Mandate of Heaven
  • The belief that heaven granted a ruler a mandate
    or divine right to rule
  • Linked Power and Responsibility
  • In exchange for loyalty, the ruler must maintain
    order
  • Rulers need Mandate of Heaven to rule
  • If lost, the people were allowed to rebel.

3
Accomplishments
  • Est. a strong, central government
  • Bring peace and order
  • Give land to peasants
  • Build roads, defensive walls and irrigation
    systems
  • Support education and arts

4
Failures Losing the Mandate
  • Allow Corruption
  • Lose military power
  • Raise taxes
  • Spend on luxuries
  • Fail to reinforce walls, and irrigation
  • Harsh ruler

5
Problems Sign the Mandate is Lost
  • Chaos
  • Floods
  • Invasions
  • Peasant rebellions
  • Poor harvests

6
Dynastic Cycle
  • A strong leader emerges and establishes a new
    dynasty
  • Claims mandate
  • Cycle begins again

7
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8
During times of Chaos, Chinese philosophers tried
to find ways to guide human behavior and ensure
order in society
  • 3 Philosophies Developed in China
  • Confucianism
  • Daoism (Taoism)
  • Legalism

9
Confucianism
  • Founder Confucius
  • (Master Kong)
  • Dates 551 B.C
  • Writings The Analects
  • Teachings
  • 5 Relationships must govern society

Our greatest glory is not in never falling, but
in getting up every time we do
10
5 Relationships
  • Ruler and Ruled
  • Father and Son
  • Older Brother and Younger Brother
  • Husband and Wife
  • Friend and Friend
  • Superior sets example and cares for inferior
  • Inferior shows respect to superior

11
Confucius
  • Filial piety the duty and respect that children
    owed their parents
  • Education and Morality
  • Society more important than individual

I hear and I forget. I see and I remember. I do
and I understand.
12
Daoism
  • Founder Lao Zi
  • Dates 551 B.C
  • Writings The Way of Virtue
  • Teachings
  • Stressed the link between Nature and People
  • People should do nothing contrary to nature, live
    according to the Dao the Way

13
Daoism
http//www.youtube.com/watch?vg-zD-RohzNY
14
  • Yin and Yang Forces in Nature are to balance
    each other
  • Yin female, passive, earthy
  • Yang male, active, heavenly

15
Daoism
  • Water as symbol of Tao
  • Govt. should have fewer rules
  • Reveal thyself, embrace original nature, do not
    be selfish, curtail desire

16
Legalism
  • Founder Han Feizi
  • Writings Han Feizi
  • 300-200 B.C.
  • Teachings
  • People acted out of self interest
  • People only respond to rewards and punishments,
    not good examples

17
Legalism
  • Harsh Laws and Strict Rulers are necessary to get
    things done
  • Laws more important than rulers
  • Example Shi Huangdi used Legalism to unite China
    and create the Great Wall
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