The Second Industrial Revolution (Started by steel and oil) - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

1 / 32
About This Presentation
Title:

The Second Industrial Revolution (Started by steel and oil)

Description:

... Advancements in oil refinement also affected the Industrial Revolution Originally oil was processed for Kerosene for lamps to ... it led to the ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:146
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 33
Provided by: Michael3314
Category:

less

Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: The Second Industrial Revolution (Started by steel and oil)


1
The Second Industrial Revolution(Started by
steel and oil)
  • CHAPTER 6
  • (dismiss 1-5?)

2
The Age of Invention
  • From 1865 to 1905 the US had a surge of
    industrial growth which became known as the
    Second Industrial Revolution
  • What is the importance of the date 1865?
  • This new era began with numerous discoveries and
    inventions that spurred growth in manufacturing,
    transportation, and Americans everyday life
  • As Coal spurred the initial industrial
    revolution, Steel made the second industrial
    revolution possible
  • Steel was used in the construction of heavy
    machinery that mass produced goods

3
More
  • Originally converting iron ore into steel was too
    expensive to be used until Henry Bessemer
  • Bessemer Process- burned all the impurities in
    molten iron with hot air
  • The method produced more steel in one day than
    the old method did in one week
  • Alexander Holley improved the process and steel
    production skyrocketed in U.S.
  • This production of steel used iron ore in the
    Midwest brought through the great lakes into
    towns like Cleveland and Pittsburg
  • These towns became major centers for steel
    manufacturing

4
Steel was used for
  • Railroad tracks
  • Bridges
  • Building frames
  • Machinery
  • ( the more steel was produced the cheaper it was
    to buy)

5
This led to
  • Stronger longer lasting rails
  • Stronger bridges
  • Taller multi-story buildings
  • More Jobs
  • people moving into cities

6
(No Transcript)
7
OIL
  • Advancements in oil refinement also affected the
    Industrial Revolution
  • Originally oil was processed for Kerosene for
    lamps to light a house
  • A demand was growing for the oil so Edwin Drake
    drills for oil in Titusville, Pennsylvania
  • Drakes Folly
  • Drake strikes oil leading to oil boom
  • Drakes success led others to drill for oil in
    other parts of the country

8
Black Gold
  • In Texas there was success
  • Anthony F Lucas strikes oil At Spindletop
    in Beaumont TX
  • This started the TX oil boom
  • 1902 20 of oil was produced at spindletop alone
  • By 1904 this production rate had dropped off but
    there was still 10,000 barrels daily

9
Elijah McCoy
  • The son of runaway slaves
  • Invented a lubricating cup that fed oil to parts
    of machine while it was running
  • He received a Patent for his invention
  • PATENT A guarantee to protect an inventors
    rights to make, use or sell his invention.
  • This helped many kinds of machines operate
    smoothly and quickly

10
(No Transcript)
11
Transportation
  • Railroads- linked isolated areas to the rest of
    the country
  • Steel was so affordable it led to the railroads
    laying more tracks
  • Prior to the Civil war railroads in the U.S.
    averaged 100 miles in length
  • The first transcontinental railroad was completed
    in1869
  • Completed by Central Pacific and Union Pacific
    Railroad companies

12
George Westinghouse
  • Developed the Compressed airbrake
  • This increased Railroad safety enabling the
    locomotive and all cars to stop at the same time
  • He also developed a communications system that
    allowed trains and stations to talk to each other
  • Changes in track design also helped the rail
    service
  • Standard gauge (width of the rails) allowed
    people to stay on one railway line rather than
    transfer trains constantly while traveling

13
(No Transcript)
14
Effects of better transportation
  • First railroads provided many of the countrys
    jobs
  • Building locomotives and rail cars spurred on the
    steel industry
  • Better faster transportation out west increased
    western settlement
  • Towns sprang up around railroad stations
  • Companies could now sell products nationally

15
The Car
  • Also known as the Horseless Carriage
  • Innovations in Oil led to motors and the car
  • Combustion engine powered by gas was invented in
    1876
  • J Frank Duryea built the first practical motor
    car in the U.S.
  • Use of car was limited due to high cost

16
Airplanes
17
Flight
  • The internal combustion engine also led to
    advancements in flight
  • Orville and Wilbur Wright developed one of the
    first working airplanes
  • Dec. 17, 1903 near Kitty Hawk North Carolina,
    Orville made the first piloted flight
  • It lasted 12 seconds and went 120 feet, in a
    powered plane

18
Telegraph and Telephone
  • Telegraph invented by Samuel Morse 1837
  • Telegraph grew with the railroad and offices were
    located in train stations and strung wires along
    the railroad lines
  • Alexander Graham Bell in 1876 patented the
    telephone
  • Created jobs for women needed as operators
  • Bell Telephone became one of the longest lasting
    monopolies

19
(No Transcript)
20
Wizard of Menlo Park
  • Thomas Edison was home schooled
  • He went into the invention business by opening
    a lab at Menlo Park and doing research
  • He promised a minor invention every 10 days and a
    major invention every 6 months
  • He held more than 1,000 patents at his death

21
Edison inventions
  • Phonograph
  • Electric vote recorder
  • Light bulb
  • Improved telephone
  • Improved telegraph
  • Early motion pictures
  • Electric lamps
  • Typewriter
  • Electric printer
  • Electric motor

22
The War
  • Edison Vs Tesla

23
(No Transcript)
24
(No Transcript)
25
(No Transcript)
26
The Electric chair
  • AC vs. DC
  • Alternating current
  • Direct current

27
(No Transcript)
28
(No Transcript)
29
(No Transcript)
30
Review Questions
  • What process burned all the impurities in molten
    iron with hot air?
  • Where did Drakes Folly happen?
  • What is a guarantee to protect an inventors
    rights to make, use or sell his invention?
  • Prior to the Civil war how long were the average
    railroads?

31
The End
32
Board Work
  • Graphic Organizer p 193
  • Describe the effect of the innovation of the
    airplane on Daily life from the perspective of
    someone from the early 1900s. Include the ideas
    of the past the present and dream of the future
  • Imagine that you are a newspaper reporter and you
    are covering Edison's lab, write an article over
    what you see coming out of the lab
Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
About PowerShow.com