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AHON Chapter 8 Section 2 lecture notes

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Title: AHON Chapter 8 Section 2 lecture notes Author: Jessica Last modified by: End User Created Date: 2/24/2009 2:50:39 PM Document presentation format – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: AHON Chapter 8 Section 2 lecture notes


1
Objectives
  • Explain how early political parties emerged.
  • Compare the political views of the Republicans
    and the Federalists.
  • Discuss the result of the election of 1796.

2
Focus Friday, January 24Benchmark LA 7.1.6.8
  • Student will determine the main idea or essential
    message in grade-level or higher texts through
    inferring, paraphrasing, summarizing, and
    identifying relevant details.
  • Review Read first 3 paragraphs, pg. 290
  • Based on the exert of the third paragraph, what
    is the meaning of the word faction?
  • A. politics
  • B. military
  • C. government
  • D. group
  • Write the ULG in your Student Progress
    Chart.-C-(2-3)
  • Quiz-take out a sheet of paper and both pens.

3
Objective-Unit Learning Goal
  • Students will be able to analyze the emergence of
    political parties and the difference in views
    between Federalist and Republicans with 90
    accuracy.
  • EQ How did Americans respond to the internal and
    external challenges of creating a new Nation?

4
Terms and People
  • faction an organized political group
  • James Madison supported Thomas Jeffersons
    Republican views
  • Thomas Jefferson Republican candidate for
    President in 1796 and the nations second Vice
    President
  • Alexander Hamilton Washingtons Secretary of
    the Treasury supported Federalist ideas

5
Terms and People (continued)
  • John Adams Federalist candidate for President
    in 1796 and the nations second President

6
How did two political parties emerge?
Early political groups were called factions. They
were widely thought to be selfish groups.
Washington and others feared that factions would
be destructive to the new government.
7
By the 1790s, Thomas Jefferson and Alexander
Hamilton were quarreling and growing apart.
8
Jeffersons and Hamiltons differences led to the
development of the first political parties.
Republicans supported Thomas Jefferson and his
ally, James Madison.
Federalists supported Alexander Hamilton and his
ideas.
9
The Republicans wanted to keep most power at the
state or local level.
States
Federal government
They feared that a strong central government
would act like a monarchy.
10
The Federalists said that the United States
needed a strong federal government.
They believed the federal government would hold
the country together and deal with its problems.
11
The two parties also had geographic differences.
Federalists were strong among Northern merchants.
Republicans were supported largely by Southern
farmers.
12
Federalists and Republicans disagreed about many
issues.
Republicans Federalists
Were led by Thomas Jefferson Were led by Alexander Hamilton
Believed people should have political power Believed wealthy and educated should lead
Favored strong state government Favored strong central government
Emphasized agriculture Emphasized manufacturing, shipping, and trade
Favored strict interpretation of Constitution Favored loose interpretation of Constitution
Were pro-French Were pro-British
Opposed national bank Favored national bank
Opposed protective tariff Favored protective tariff
13
In 1796, Washington said he would not seek a
third term. There would be an election.
Both political parties nominated a candidate.
14
In 1796, the President and Vice President were
not elected together, as they are today.
The candidate with the most votes became
President.
The second-place candidate became Vice President.
15
Adams finished first and Jefferson finished
second. The nation gained a Federalist President
and a Republican Vice President.
This led to serious tensions during the next four
years.
16
Reading Skill Identify Cause and Effect
Causes Effect
Differences Over state, national power Economic, geographic interests Relations with Britain, France Rise of political parties
Washington
17
Reading Skill Identify Cause and Effect
Causes Effect
Differences Over state, national power Economic, geographic interests Relations with Britain, France Interpretation of Constitution Over national bank and tariffs Rise of political parties
Washington decides not to seek third term Parties each nominate candidate Election rules give presidency to top vote-getter, vice presidency to second highest vote-getter President and vice president from different parties
18
Daily Agenda
  • Read 291-293-Thinking Map-Double Bubble
  • Handout-Selectively highlight
  • Cognitive Complexity Investigation
  • Identify the situation Political Parties Emerge
  • Identify what you know about Politics
  • Offer a hypothetical scenario, based on what you
    know
  • Find out if your hypothetical scenario is
    possible or reasonable through your reading
    then discuss/debate with your group
  • Analyze the problem-What caused there to be
    political parties? The class will be divided into
    Federalist/Republicans
  • With your group, find 5 factors that make your
    party the most promising for the nation. Class
    debate.

19
Daily Agenda-Continue
  • Analyze the issues. . .
  • What caused there to be political parties? The
    class will be divided into Federalist/Republicans
  • With your group, find 5 factors that make your
    party the most promising for the nation. Class
    debate.

20
Lets Discuss. . .
  • Turn to your partner and discuss one thing about
    todays objective and ULG you are sure about.
  • Now discuss one thing you are not clear about or
    may need some extra help to understand.
  • Where do you think you are in today's learning
    goal scales? Why?

21
Home Learning-
  • Write
  • Based on your debate and political affiliation
    (federalist/republican)
  • you will create a 1 page advertisement for your
    party (1-2 paragraphs) persuading the masses to
    join your party-
  • Take a position-Argue your point! Be Persuasive!
  • Use details from your reading to justify why your
    party is superior to that of your opponent.
  • Be creative!! Due Tuesday.

22
Reflection
  • Where do you think you are on todays Unit
    learning goal? Rate yourself 1-4. (1- I did not
    try very hard-and do not understand the lesson
    and 4- I gave it my best-and understand todays
    lesson)
  • To move up a level, what do you think you need
    to do?
  • Are you clear about the lesson so far?
  • Are you confused about anything?
  • Is there anything you can do to enhance your
    learning today?
  • Write your reflection answering all
    questions/below your summary.
  • Complete your student progress chart
  • Have a nice day?
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