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Presented by: Cami Robertson, Lauren Cappelli, Jamie Yeung

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Infants Preferences for Toys, Colors, and Shapes: Sex Differences and Similarities Jadva, V., Hines, M., Golombok, S. (2010). Infants Preferences for Toys ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Presented by: Cami Robertson, Lauren Cappelli, Jamie Yeung


1
Infants Preferences for Toys, Colors, and
Shapes Sex Differences and Similarities
Jadva, V., Hines, M., Golombok, S. (2010).
Infants Preferences for Toys, Colors, and
Shapes Sex Differences and Similarities.
Archives of Sexual Behavior 39 1261-1273.
  • Presented by Cami Robertson, Lauren Cappelli,
    Jamie Yeung

2
Background
  • Children show clear sex typed toy preferences
  • Boys will show a stricter inclination for
    masculine toys
  • Girls will occasionally deviate from feminine
    toys
  • Different theories lend perspectives to toy
    preferences
  • Social learning theories
  • Cognitive theories
  • Hormonal theories

Jadva, V., Hines, M., Golombok, S. (2010).
Infants Preferences for Toys, Colors, and
Shapes Sex Differences and Similarities.
Archives of Sexual Behavior 39 1261-1273.
3
Background
  • Why Dont Boys Play with Dolls?
  • http//www.youtube.com/watch?vGbLuldzDudw

Jadva, V., Hines, M., Golombok, S. (2010).
Infants Preferences for Toys, Colors, and
Shapes Sex Differences and Similarities.
Archives of Sexual Behavior 39 1261-1273.
4
Study Hypotheses
  • Study Explore color and shape in relation to toy
    preference and age
  • Hypotheses
  • Boys prefer blue, girls prefer pink
  • Boys and girls prefer sex-typed toys in sex-typed
    colors
  • Boys and girls differ in their preference for the
    car and doll when both toys were of the same
    color or no color
  • Boys and girls differ in their preferences for
    angular shapes versus rounded shapes

Jadva, V., Hines, M., Golombok, S. (2010).
Infants Preferences for Toys, Colors, and
Shapes Sex Differences and Similarities.
Archives of Sexual Behavior 39 1261-1273.
5
Methods
  • Recruited 20 boys, 20 girls for each age
    categories 12, 18, 24 months.
  • Preferential looking task 2 images were shown
    simultaneously to infant in a darkened room

Jadva, V., Hines, M., Golombok, S. (2010).
Infants Preferences for Toys, Colors, and
Shapes Sex Differences and Similarities.
Archives of Sexual Behavior 39 1261-1273.
6
Results
  • Children favored toys consistent with their sex.
    Toy preference does not correlate with age.
  • Both boys and girls preferred reddish colors to
    blue colors and preferred rounded shapes to
    angular shapes.
  • Both boys and girls looked longer at the doll at
    age 12 months, than at 18 or 24 months.

Jadva, V., Hines, M., Golombok, S. (2010).
Infants Preferences for Toys, Colors, and
Shapes Sex Differences and Similarities.
Archives of Sexual Behavior 39 1261-1273.
7
Critical Reviews
  • Weaknesses
  • Unpredicted effect of age
  • - Face studying, regardless of sex, infants
    looked longer doll images at age of 12 months
  • Unnatural testing environment
  • -Not in the test subjects natural environment,
    i.e. playroom
  • Preferential looking paradigm assumption
  • -Assumes that infants will look longer at images
    that they prefer

Jadva, V., Hines, M., Golombok, S. (2010).
Infants Preferences for Toys, Colors, and
Shapes Sex Differences and Similarities.
Archives of Sexual Behavior 39 1261-1273.
8
Test Questions
  • 4. The ___________ theory suggests that children
    learn proper conduct for their sex through
    reinforcement and modeling
  • Social learning
  • Prenatal androgen
  • Sex difference
  • Hormonal

5. Sex differences seen in young infants (12
months) are mainly due to ___________
influences A. Cognitive B. Socialization C.
Hormonal D. Sex preference
  • 6. This study shows that boys and girls preferred
    _________ shapes over _________ shapes.
  • Linear, rounded
  • Rounded, angular
  • Angular, rounded
  • Rounded, colored
  • 1. Girls tend to show a much stricter inclination
    for feminine toys whereas boys will demonstrate a
    lesser preference for masculine or feminine toys.
    (T/F)

2. According to this study, both male and female
infants generally favored reddish over bluish
colors. (T/F)
3. Male and female infants at 1 year of age are
attracted to dolls (T/F)
Jadva, V., Hines, M., Golombok, S. (2010).
Infants Preferences for Toys, Colors, and
Shapes Sex Differences and Similarities.
Archives of Sexual Behavior 39 1261-1273.
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